Vol. 32, No. 1 – Spring Contents; Abstracts

Vol. 32, No. 2 – Summer Contents; Abstracts

Vol. 32, No. 3 – Fall Contents; Abstracts

Vol. 32, No. 4 – Winter Contents; Abstracts

VOL. 32, No. 1 – Contents



Introduction: Why Every Archaeologist Should Tell Stories Once in a While
Ardian Praetzellis, 1

A True Story of the Ancient Planter and Adventurer in Virginia, Captaine Thomas Harris, Gent., as Related by His Second Sonne
L. Daniel Mouer, 4

“Katherine Nanny, alias Baylor”: A Life in Puritan Boston
Lauren J. Cook, 15

Farm Journal: First Person, Four Voices
Mary C. Beaudry, 20

“Why I Continue to Live Across the Tracks from Sister Sue,” as Told by William Moore
Robin L. Ryder, 34

A Future after Freedom
Lu Ann de Cunzo, 42

Further Tales of the Vasco
Mary Praetzellis and Adrian Praetzellis, 55

Bread Fresh from the Oven: Memories of Italian Breadbaking in the California Mother Lode
Julia G. Costello, 66

Lurid Tales and Homely Stories of New York’s Notorious Five Points
Rebecca Yamin, 74

A Connecticut Merchant in Chinadom: A Play in One Act
Adrian Praetzellis and Mary Praetzellis, 86

Discussion Archaeologists as Storytellers
James Deetz, 94

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VOL. 32, No. 1 – Article Abstracts


L. Daniel Mouer

Thomas Harris, Gent., as Related by his Second Sonne

ABSTRACT: This paper offers interpretations developed from several years of excavation at the site of Curies Plantation, located on the James River just east of Richmond, Virginia. The “Findings” are presented in a fictionalized form. Life on the frontier of the 17th-century Virginia Colony is depicted through the Device of a 1678 petition from William Harris to the governor. Embedded within the petition is a narrative of the life of Harris’s father. In this way a single document is made to cover a variety of subjects about life in this area from the founding of the colony through the aftermath of Bacon’s rebellion of 1676. Following the story is a short essay describing the sources of both information and inspiration used to construct the interpretations.

Lauren J. Cook

“Katherine Nanny, alias Naylor”: A Life in Puritan Boston

ABSTRACT: Katherine Wheelwright Nanny Naylor (1630-1716) arrived in Boston with her family in 1636. During the last half of the 17th century, she occupied a property along Ann Street in Boston’s North End. The excavation of that property nearly 300 years later prompted research on Katherine’s life. From the bare bones of vital records, deeds, and probate records, a fascinating life emerged. Katherine raised several families on the Ann Street property, despite outliving most of her children. She was widowed at an early age and remarried. She successfully sued for divorce from her second husband on the grounds of domestic abuse including an apparent poisoning attempt and adultery. Ultimately she died at a ripe old age. Her story illuminates the daily lives of Puritan Bostonians.

Mary C. Beaudry

Farm Journal: First Person, Four Voices

ABSTRACT: I weave together evidence archaeological, documentary, pictorial, and imagined to create first-person stories of the men and women who lived at the Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm, Newbury, Massachusetts, ca. 1780-1820. These are the stories of two merchants, Nathaniel Tracy, Esquire, and Captain Offin Boardman, and of their wives, Mary Lee Tracy, “the great beauty of her day,” and Sarah Tappan Boardman, ill and confined to her bed for much of the year. The sources uncover a mosaic of business success and business failure, of fortunes lost and social position scrupulously maintained.

Robin L. Ryder

“Why I Continue to Live Acrossthe Tracks from Sister Sue,” as Told by William Monroe

ABSTRACT: Susan Monroe was a young woman when the Second Battle of Manassas took place on her family farm. Fifty years later she lived alone, never having married, in the house that she, her brother William, and sisters Annie and Maggie inherited from their parents. This is the story of how it came about that William, Annie, and Maggie moved to a house across the tracks Tom Sue and what Confederate and Yankee veterans of the Battle of Manassas found when they visited Sue’s home to view her shrine to the “Lost Cause” during the 21 July 1911 “Great Peace Jubilee and Reunion of the Blue and Gray.”

Lu Ann de Cunzo

A Future after Freedom

ABSTRACT: Just after the Civil War, two African-American families left Maryland to build new lives in northern Delaware. Sidney and Rachel Stump and David and Sarah Walmsley probably did not know each other in Maryland, but they settled in nearby communities in Delaware. There work, family, church, and community connections may have introduced them. Both men labored on area farms, when they could get work, until they were at least 70 years old. Both women did laundry and sewing for neighbors in town. Both families raised their children to work hard and to value education, their faith, and “joyous play.” The Stumps and Walmsleys drew on their pasts and looked to the future as they created a distinctive cultural style framed by racism and constrained opportunities. Archaeology prompted by the Delaware Department of ransportation’s road-building activities has brought us closer to these families’ stories. In this paper, readers visit them in their homes on the edge of town, as they prepare for a most important event in their annual festive calendar, the Big Quarterly.

Mary Praetzellis, Adrian Praetzellis

Further Tales of the Vasco

ABSTRACT: As the inlet pipe was ceremoniously opened, filling the long awaited reservoir for the very first time, the Vasco Adobe disappeared beneath the waters of the Los Vaqueros Reservoir. Built in the 1850s by a group of rough Basque cattle ranchers, the adobe had been the scene of tragedies, feuds, fights, failures, and betrayals. Its occupants made and lost fortunes for themselves, and for their lawyers. Only when the cascading series of lawsuits was settled was the adobe abandoned and its residents moved into a plain, wooden house. Melted by rain and buried by flood silts, the adobe remark- ably survived the ownership of Oscar Starr, inventor of the Caterpillar tractor, who test-drove his bulldozers on the ranch. It also survived the tenure of gun-toting San Francisco socialite and party-girl, Edith Ordway, who buried her toothless pet raccoon next to the old building’s remains. Archaeologists, historians, architects, and folklorists studied the Vasco Adobe so that its stories would not be lost beneath the waters of Los Vaqueros Reservoir.

Julia G. Costello

Bread Fresh from the Oven: Memories of Italian Breadbaking in the California Mother Lode

ABSTRACT: A chain-migration in the 1860s-1880s brought rural Italian villagers from near Genoa to the southern California Mother Lode. Among other traditions, that of baking bread in outdoor ovens persevered over generations until commercial bread became widely available in the 1930s. An archaeological study of these ovens, begun in 1979, included site excavation, data analysis, detailed measurements, and archival research. Occasional oral interviews also recorded the words, expressions, and feelings of those who remembered the ovens’ use, stories that were not addressed by academic research. These stones told by informants may constitute, ultimately, the more valuable record of this historic oven tradition. Excerpts from five stories are presented as examples of this rich source of information.

Rebecca Yamin

Lurid Tales and Homely Stories of New York’s Notorious Five Points

ABSTRACT: The rich artifactual data that was recovered on a block in Manhattan, which was once part of the notorious Five Points district, suggests aspects of everyday life among New York’s emerging working class that were previously unavailable. By weaving the artifacts into narrative vignettes that connect the artifacts to they owners, and drawing on secondary sources for historical context, the neighborhood emerges as something quite different than contemporary and even recent sources have portrayed This paper contrasts previously published “tales” about Five Points with the more homely stories constructed from the artifactual and historical data. The use of narrative is considered here as a way of “knowing” the past as well as presenting it.

Adrian Praetzellis, Mary Praetzellis

A Connecticut Merchant in Chinadom: A Play in One Act

ABSTRACT: By 1855 four of the five Chinese District Associations in California had offices and boardinghouses in Sacramento on I Street between Fifth and Sixth. Agents of these Chinese Associations nurtured important reciprocal relationships with Sacramento businessmen, including Josiah Gallup, a merchant from Connecticut. Gallup discovered his niche as a translator and middleman for the Chinese merchants of San Francisco and Sacramento. He helped them purchase real estate and supplies, transport miners and prostitutes to the gold fields, and negotiate with City officials. This is the story of Joshua Gallup and how he helped the Chinese get started in Sacramento.

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VOL. 32, No. 2 – Contents



Ronald L. Michael 1998, 2


The Archaeology of Frustration: An Australian Case-Study
Graham Connah, 7

Interview with Lewis R. Binford
Melburn D. Thurman, 28

The Literature and Location of the Phoenix Button
Roderick Sprague, 56

Nail Chronology: The Use of Technologically Derived Features
Tom Wells, 78



Edited By Vergil E. Noble

Shackel: Culture Change and the New Technology: An Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era
Sarah E. Cowie, 100

Evans, Salway, and Thackrey: ‘The Remains of Distant Times:’ Archaeology and the National Trust
Brian Fagan, 101

Emerson: Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms
Thomas D. Theissen, 103

Kemp: Industrial Archaeology: Techniques
Paul White, 104

Jung: John Taber and John Taber, Jr., Two New England Clay Tobacco Pipemakers: A Family History and Illustrated Catalogue
Michael A. Pfeiffer, 106

Irion and Beard: Underwater Archaeological Assessment of Civil War Shipwrecks in Kentucky Lake, Benton and Humphries Counties, Tennessee
Anne G. Giesecke, 107

Fuller, Marvin, and Costello: Madam Felix’s Gold: The Story of the Madam Felix Mining District, Calaveras County, California
Donald L. Hardesty, 108

Hindes, Wolf, Hall, and Gilmore: The Rediscovery of Santa Cruz de San Saba, A Mission for the Apache in Spanish Texas
Kathleen Hoffman, 109

Cotter: Archaeological Excavations at Jamestown, Virginia (Second Edition)
Susan D. Ball, 111

Drennan: Statistics for Archaeologist: A Common Sense Approach
Randall H. McGuire, 113

McBride, McBride, and Pollack: Historical Archaeology in Kentucky
Larry McKee, 114

Council, Honerkamp, and Will: Industry and Technology in Antebellum Tennessee: The Archaeology of Bluff Furnace
Patrick E. Martin, 116

Cooper, Firth, Carman, and Wheatley: Managing Archaeology
John P. McCarthy, 118

Swanson and De Vries: The Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System
Michael R. Polk, 119

Geier and Winter: Look to the Earth: Historical Archaeology and the American Civil War
David R. Bush, 121

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VOL. 32, No. 2 – Article Abstracts


Graham Connah

The Archaeology of Frustrated Ambition: An Australian Case-Study

ABSTRACT: Questions concerning cultural adaptation are particularly important in Australian historical archaeology because of the distances involved in the European settlement of Australia and the unfamiliar environment faced by early colonists. One such question concerns the socioeconomic and political failure of some early colonial land-holders who ran estates based on assigned convict labor. A notable example was Major Archibald Clunes Innes, who during the 1830s and 1840s developed extensive pastoral, agricultural, and commercial interests in what is now northeastern New South Wales. At Lake Innes, near Port Macquarie, on what was then the very edge of colonial settlement, he created an estate from which he could control his various activities, while living in a style that he could never have aspired to in his native Scotland. The remains of his extensive brick-built house and stables, as well as the sites of a range of estate facilities, reflect his ambitions for the future, while the survival of this archaeological evidence largely results from the frustration of those ambitions.

Roderick Sprague

The Literature and Locations of the Phoenix Button

ABSTRACT: Brass military buttons with the figure of a phoenix bird are reported with great regularity from the West Coast of the United States. In spite of the excellent previous research and published conclusions of Emory Strong, there is a wealth of misinformation still being published. The literature, including both historical data and speculation on the original source of the buttons as well as site reports listing such buttons, is assembled and summarized, essentially an annotated bibliography with locational maps, as an additional step in the analysis of these distinctive artifacts. A bipolar distribution — involving burial caches and body ornamentation on the lower Columbia River and use as buttons in mission sites of Califonia — is suggested, but as yet there is a dearth of research tying the two areas together New directions for additional research include locating unreported buttons, developing distributional studies, verifying the theories of origins, and determining trading patterns.

Tom Wells

Nail Chronology: The Use of Technologically Derived Features

ABSTRACT: A technology-based nail chronology is presented. This chronology is derived from a topology based on a combination of general information about the historical developments of the technology applied by the nail manufacturing industry and the periods of actual use for each of twelve basic nail types presently identified as having been used in Louisiana. The author believes that the approach used to establish the Louisiana Nail Chronology can also be used to establish accurate nail chronologies in other regions.

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VOL. 32, No. 3 – Contents



Charles D. Cheek, 8

Part 1: Historic Preservation, the Public, and the “Big Dig”

The Central Artery/Tunnel Project Preservation Program
Beth Anne Bower, 11

Great Expectations: The Public Interpretation Program for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project
Boergess McHargue, 19

Part 2: A Seventeenth-Century Privy

Katherine Naylor’s “House of Office”: A Seventeenth-Century Privy
Dana B. Heck and Joseph F. Balicki, 24

A Seventeenth-Century Beetle Fauna from Colonial Boston
Allison Bain, 38

Pollen Analysis of the Feature 4 Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site, Boston, Massachusetts
Gerald K. Kelso, 49

Botanical Remains from a Seventeenth Century Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site
Martin G. Dudek, Lawrence Kaplan and Mansfield King, 63

Animal Bones from the Cross Street Back Lot Privy
Gregory J. Brown and Joanne Bowen, 72

Textiles from the Seventeenth-Century Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site
Margaret T. Ordonez and Linda Elters, 81

Forming the Past
Jeffrey A. Butterworth, 91

Part 3: The Urban Environment of Boston

Wharves, Privies, and the Pewterer: Two Colonial Period Sites on the Shawmut Peninsula, Boston
Joseph F. Balicki, 99

Filling Boston’s Mill Pond
Nance S. Seasholes, 112

Part 4: Colonial Foodways: A Boston Perspective

To Market, To Market: Animal Husbandry in New England
Joanne Bowen, 137

Massachusetts Bay Foodways: Regional and Class Influences
Charles D. Cheek, 153

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VOL. 32, No. 3 – Article Abstracts


Beth Anne Bower

The Central Artery/Tunnel Project Preservation Program

ABSTRACT: The Central Artery/Tunnel Project in Boston is the largest and most eomplex highway project ever undertaken in the core of a major American city. The project will replace an existing elevated highway, which passes through Boston’s historic downtown, with a new underground expressway. In 1984 a Section 106 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between transportation authorities and historic preservation agencies set stipulations designed to preserve and protect archaeological and historic resources within and adjacent to the project right-of-way. Started in the earliest planning stages of the project, the Central Artery/Tunnel Project Preservation Program implemented the MOA through historic structure survey and recording projects, review of future development plans, the Project Conservator Program to protect buildings during construtction, and archaeological survey, site examination, and data recovery. The program has surveyed over 450 historic structures, developed guidelines and specifications for protection of potentially impacted historic structures, provided criteria for building and construction monitonng programs, identified and recovered four National Register eligibie archaeological sites, and conducted a public information and education program.

Georgess McHargue

Great Expectations: The Public Interpretation Program for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project

ABSTRACT: The scope-of-work for this contract called for preparation of a Public Education Plan including 1,200 hours of interpreter’s time, school visits. site visits and lab tours, site handout sheets, training slide lectures, popular reports, volunteer programs, teacher training, and outreach to the public schools. A full scale Interpretive Plan was also to be prepared for the purpose of guiding a second, even more amhitious phase of interpretation: museum exhibits, videos, traveling exhibits, wide distribution of popular reports, and more. The Public Education Plan was implemented in full; the Interpretive Plan was abandoned. The limiting factors turned out to be both organizational and financial. Neventheless, the public outreach aspect of this project was certainly one of the most ambitious and successful of recent decades.

Dana B. Heck, Joseph F. Balicki

Katherine Naylor’s “House of Office”: A Seventeenth-Century Privy

ABSTRACT: In tbe late 17th century, Katherine Naylor and her children lived in a house fronting on Ann Street in Boston. Afler the death of her first husband, Roben Nanny, Katherine wed Edward Naylor, who abused her and the children. Subsequently, Edward Naylor ran off with a pregnant household servant, leaving Katherine and the children. Located at the rear of the house lot was the family’s privy, constructed to conform to restrictions placed on the location and configuration of privies in Boston in 1652. The methods used during excavation, the stratigraphic sequence, the artifact analysis, and health and sanitation in late 17th-century Boston are discussed.

Allison Bain

A Seventeenth-Century Beetle Fauna from Colonial Boston

ABSTRACT: A rich diverse assemblage of preserved Coleopteran (beetle) remains was analyzed from the Feature 4 Cross Street Back Lot site in Boston, Massachusens. This fauna represents the first large analysis of a Colonial site using the technique of archaeocntomology, resuiting in the examination of over 2,000 individuals from 22 samples. The remains indicate that a rich composting environment existed in this feature which was composed of human and animal wastes, infested grain products, table wastes, and perhaps floor sweepings. From a biogeographic perspective, this study suggests that many European pest species were already established in New England by the 17th century, substantially altering our knowledge of their introductions.

Gerald K. Kelso

Analysis of the Feature 4 Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site, Boston, Massachusetts.

ABSTRACT: The four nightsoil and three episodic fill deposits in the Cross Street site Feature 4 privy vault contained the highest percentages of Eurasian cereal grain-type pollen — wheat (Triticum), barley (Hordeum), oats (Avena), and/or rye (Secale) — reported in any historical archaeological site to date. Comparative pollen data from 8 historical nightsoil deposits, 17 historical house lot and feature profiles. 4 historical commercial/mercantile sites, and 8 profiles from agriculture-associated sites suggest that the Eurasian cereal-type pollen in the Feature 4 privy reflects spoiled flour disposed of in the vault rather than abnorrnally large quantities of grain products in the diet of the persons utilizing the privy.

Martin G. Dudek, Lawrence Kaplan, Marie Mansfield King

Botanical Remains from a Seventeenth-Century Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site

ABSTRACT: Botanical remains, including some 250,000 individual seeds and pits. were recovered from the late 17th-century Cross Street Back Lot privy (Feature 4). Analysis of 23 flotation samples taken from 9 contexts has revealed a sequence of events rclated to the different uses of the privy prior to its final capping. The predominant uncharred floral remains offcr a detailed look at the use of native and non-native fruits, nuts, and spices and at the prevalence of weedy or adventive plant species in the urban north end of late 17th century Boston.

Gregory J. Brown, Joanne Bowen

Animal Bones from the Cross Street Back Lot Privy

ABSTRACT: The faunal assemblages from the Central Artery project offer a wonderful opponunity to investigate dietb economic choiee, and husbandry in early New England. But finely stratified deposits, such as the Cross Street Back Lot privy, also allow detailed comparisons that provide evidence of vanability that can be glossed over when discussing regional subsistenee pattems. Some of this vanability, and how it ean be seen or not seen, is studied using the traditional tools of modem zooarchaeology, and integrated, using the careful controls provided by the stratifieation, with artifaetual and environmental evidence.

Margaret T. Ordonez, Linda Welters

Textiles from the Seventeenth-Century Privy at the Cross Street Back Lot Site

ABSTRACT: A variety of textiles came from the excavation of a 17th century privy behind the Nanny House site on Cross Street, Boston, Massachusetts. The largest group of fragments is silk fabrics and ribbons, valuable since cloths of this fine fiber have not survived in other 17th-century New England archaeological sites. Comparison of the fine wool textiles from Boston with coarse wool fabrics used by the Mashantucket Pequot Indians in Connecticut and Narragansen Indians in Rhode Island reveal distinct differences in quality. Fabrics made from a combination of silk and wool, cotton, or linen show the variety of mixtures that were available for those who could afford them. Negative pseudomorphs of cotton and bast fibers preserved evidence of cellulosic products in a mineralized form previously unreported in New England. The family that lived at this site used high quality labrics with expensive weaves, mixtures, and fancy trims representing fashionable 17th-century dress.

Jeffery A. Butterworth

Forming the Past

ABSTRACT: The water-logged components of five shoes from the 17th century Nanny privy and one shoe and one boot from the 19th-century Mill Pond site were treated, shaped, and reformed as part of the Central Artery Project. Four of the 17th-century shoes have an unusual square gap-toe and may have been made in Boston.

Joseph F. Balicki

Wharves, Privies, and the Pewterer: Two Colonial Period Sites on the Shawmut Peninsula, Boston

ABSTRACT: During the 18th century, the urbanization of Boston included the development of the low-lying portions of the Shawmut Peninsula. The Paddy’s Alley (BOS-HA-12) and Mill Pond (BOS-HA-14) sites are located on a narrow isthmus connecting Boston’s North End to the rest of the peninsula. Excavations at these sites allowed the examination of a variety of research topics: waterfront modification, sanitation, land use. and commercial activitics. At the Paddy’s Alley site, excavations werelocated at thc rear of two residential lots. These areas had been used as a garden and for a workshop. The Mill Pond site was located at the rear of property abutting Mill Pond. Landmaking and wharf construction along the water’s edge, as well as use of the area for a stable, was recorded. Excavation procedures included use of the Harris system of stratigraphic recording that provided detailed stratisgraphic control.

Nancy S. Seasholes

Filling Boston’s Mill Pond

ABSTRACT: The arehaeological investigations conducted by the Central Artery/Tunnei project in the area of Boston’s Mill Pond, a natural cove dammed off in the 17th century and filled in the early 19th, found evidence that land was created in the Mill Pond in the 18th as well as the 19th century. Landmaking in the Mill Pond is examined in the light of these archaeological findings and recent historical research, resulting in some new insights about how the Mill Pond was filled.

Joanne Bowen

To Market, To Market: Animal Husbandry in New England

ABSTRACT: This work explores archaeological age data and their ability to identify shifts in animal husbandry that are the direct result of changes that occurred in Boston during the 18th century, when the city’s population was growing and the regions’ market system was evolving into a well-developed market system. Archaeological age data illustrate two important points: first, that households living in urban communities were enmeshed in economic trade systems, and second, that patterns evident in the archaeological record are, to a greater extent than often presumed, the result of large-scale distnbution systems rather than vanability related to household rank and ethnic affiliation.

Charles D. Cheek

Massachusetts Bay Foodways: Regional and Class Influences

ABSTRACT: Regional foodways in urban and rural senings in Massachusetts Bay and the Chesapeake during the 17th and 18th century are discussed to evaluate their existence and origin. The nature of the diiferences suggests that their origin had a strong cultural component and carne from the initial dominance of “charter” cultures denved from specific regions of England. The cause of these regional cultures was closely tied to the class-based nature of these regions. These differences are expressed in both the exploitation of wild food and in preferences for baking as early as the end of the 17th century, suggesting that regional foodways existed and developed from different foodways baselines in the two regions studied.

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VOL. 32, No. 4 – Contents



The Lost Flying Boat of Kaneohe Bay: Archaeology of the First U. S. Casualties of Pearl Harbor
Bradley A. Rodgers, Wendy M. Coble and Hans K. Van Tilburg, 8

Acculturation and the Composition of the Diet of Tucson’s Overseas Chinese Gardeners at the Turn of the Century
Micharl Diehl, Jennifer A. Waters and J. Homer Thiel, 19

Seeing: The Power of Town Planning in the Chesapeake
Mark P. Leone and Silas D. Hurry, 34

On the Earliest Products (ca. 1751-1752) of the Worcester Porcelain Manufactory: Evidence from Sherds from the Warmstry House Site, England
J.V. Owenom, 63

Metal Detector Use in Archaeology: An Introduction
Melissa Connor and Douglas D. Scott, 76

Shifting Sand and Muddy Water: Historic Cartography and River Migration as Factors in Locating Steamboat Wrecks on the Far Upper Missouri River
Annalies Corbin, 86



Edited By Vergil E. Noble

Schmidt and Patterson: MakingAlternative Histories: The Practice of Archaeology in Non-Western Settings
Carol McDavid

Austen and Alcock: From the Baltic to the Black Sea: Studies in Medieval Archaeology
D. Gronenborn

McEwan: The Spanish Missions of La Florida
Judith E. Bense

Longacre and Skibo: Kalinga Ethnoarchaeology, Expanding Archaeological Method and Theory
Russell K. Skowronek

Lister: Pot Luck
Robert L. Schuyler

Manucy: Sixteenth-Century St. Augustine: The People and Their Homes
Bonnie G. McEewan

Yamin and Bescherer Metheny: Landscape Archaeology: Reading and Interpreting the American Historical Landscape
Barbara J. Heath

Jameson: Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths
Martha R. Williams

Driscoll and Yeoman: Excavations within Edinburgh Castle in 1988-91
John Schofield

Goodwin, Beardsley, Wickler, and Jones: Honoruru to Honolulu: From Village to City, Volumes I and 111
Susan A. Lebo

Shomette: Ghost Fleet of Mallows Bay, and Other Tales of the Lost Chesapeake
I. Oxley

Pearson and Hoffman: The Last Voyage of El Nuevo Constante: The Wreck and Recovery of an Eighteenth-Century Spanish Ship off the Louisiana Coast
>John De Bry

Cooper, Firth, Carman, and Wheatley: Managing Archaeology
John P. McCarthy

Simmons: Those Vulgar Tubes (Second Edition)
Robyn Woodward

Delgado: Ghost Fleet: The Sunken Ships of Bikini Atoll
Denise C. Lakey

Hamilton: Silver in the Fur Trade: 1680-1820
Karlis Karklins

Buchanan: Gunpowder: The History of an Intemational Technology
Dpuglass Scott

Gaimster: German Stoneware 1200-1900
Gerard Gusset

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VOL. 32, N0. 4 – Article Abstracts


Bradley A. Rodgers, Wendy M. Coble, Hans D. Van Tilburg

The Lost Flying Boat of Kaneohe Bay: Archaeology of the First U.S. Casualties of Pearl Harbor

ABSTRACT: Can archaeology add to the narrative of the Japanese attack on the U. S. Naval and Air installations in Hawaii, 7 December 1941, or is this event too recent and historically well documented to benefit from the tools of archaeology? One answer to this question lies at the bottom of Kaneohe Bay, some 25 mi. (40 km) from the famed U. S. Naval base of Pearl Harbor. In June and July 1994, East Carolina University, the Marine Option Program of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and the National Park Service co-sponsored an unusual field school. The project called for a pre-disturbance survey and archaeological documentation of a sunken flying boat recently located by U. S. Marine Corps divers near the Naval Air Station in Kaneohe Bay on the Hawaiian Island of Oahu. Our purpose was to document and identify the abandoned craft and ascertain whether it had been destroyed as a result of the Japanese attack on Oahu, 7 December 1941. Yet the project achieved far more than this, revealing for the first time in 53 years what was not seen or heard through the smoke and thunder of that battle; a patrol crew’s gallant effort to save their craft.

Michael Diehl, Jennifer A. Waters, J. Homer Thiel

Acculturation and the Composition of the Diet of Tucson’s Overseas Chinese Gardeners at the Turn of the Century

ABSTRACT: Archaeological excavations in Tucson, Arizona, revealed portions of an overseas Chinese gardeners’ household that was occupied between 1892 and 1905. Several features, including two water storage barrels, an outdoor hearth, an activity surface, and trash-filled pits provided an abundance of macrobotanical and faunal information, and fragments of food cooking, storage, and service vessels. Analyses of the data suggest that the occupants of the household maintained a traditionally diverse diet by preparing new foodstuffs in traditional ways. Some imported Chinese foods were purchased, despite their probable high costs, helping to recreate meals eaten in the gardener’s homeland.

Mark P. Leone, Silas D. Hurry

Seeing: The Power of Town Planning in the Chesapeake

ABSTRACT: Urban planning in St. Mary’s City and Annapolis is argued to be guided by a baroque theory of power. The layouts of both cities use the same principles. Baltimore is argued to be built using a panoptic theory of power. Planning and building in these important Maryland cities was to promote and solidify hierarchy.

J.V. Owen

On the Earliest Products (ca. 1751-1752) of the Worcester Porcelain Manufactorv: Evidence from Sherds from the Warmstry House Site, England

ABSTRACT: Ceramic sherds recovered from the lowest level of a waster pile at the Warmstry House site have diverse compositions. One sample was derived from a paste with the same major ingredients as later (mid-1750s to 1770s) Worcester porcelain but in different proportions, whereas others are significantly different (e.g., are comparatively P-rich and Mg+Pb-poor). The mildly phosphatic sherds were derived from a recipe containing bone ash and small amounts of flint glass frit, but no talc, a signature ingredient of Lund’s Bristol porcelain and later Worcester wares. Consequently, they are interpreted to predate Worcester’s annexation (21 February 1752) of the Bristol works. A compositionally transitional (Mg+P-rich, Pb-free) sherd is a hybrid ware that links the phosphatic samples with later, Mg+Pb-rich Worcester porcelain. These data suggest that Worcester’s early proprietors developed their own experimental pastes prior to adopting more Bristol-like recipes afler February 1752. It is evident from the composition of the transitional sherd that they continued their experiments with phosphate-bearing pastes after they had knowledge of Bristol’s recipe.

Melissa Connor, Douglas D. Scott

Metal Detector Use in Archaeology: An Introduction

ABSTRACT: Metal detectors are simple, effective, and inexpensive remote sensing tools with rcal value to archaeologists. The archaeologists is presented an overview of how to use a metal detector and outlines the physical principles that govern metal detectors and their limits. Examples of the use of detectors in inventory, testing, and excavation are drawn from the literature and from the authors’ experience.

Annalies Corbin

Shifting Sand and Muddy Water: Historic Cartography and River Migration as Factors in Locating Steamboat Wrecks on the Far Upper Missouri River

ABSTRACT: Steamboating on the Missouri River began in 1819 and, by 1860 Fort Benton, Montana Territory was established as the world’s innermost port. Between 1819 and the mid-1920s more than 1,000 vessels were lost and subsequently forgotten on the Missouri River. Missouri River migration is investigated as a primary factor in predicting, locating, and assessing inland river wreck sites today. The study examines three historic river surveys conducted in 1867, 1874, and from 1892 to 1897, plus modern aerial photography for clues suggested the location of steamboat wreck sites and information useful in predicting site conditions and site formation processes prior to archaeological disturbance.

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