John L. Cotter 1998
- Sackett, Richard R.
1941 Report of the Chippewa Mission Archaeological Investigation. St. Paul: Works Projects Administration. Sponsored by Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota and Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
Ca. 1835, Native Americans (Dakotas), Chippewa Mission site, Lac qui Parle River, Chippewa County, MN. Describes archaeological work by WPA.
1943 Historical Clay Pipes of the Minnesota Area. Minnesota Archaeologist 9(3):68-82.
18th-19th century, dated European clay pipes.
- Salwen, Bert
1964 European Trade Goods and the Chronology of the Fort Shantok Site. New York: Columbia University Department of Anthropology.
British colonial site, Connecticut. No history of Fort Shantok given; site description, resume of artifact evidence; Salwen worked under Columbia University grants, in conjunction with field training program in archaeology.
1966 European Trade Goods and the Chronology of the Fort Shantok Site. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin 34:3-39
17th-18th century, British colonial, military site (Fort Shantok), near present New London, Thames River, CT. Artifacts: 17th and 18th century European trade goods; aboriginal stone, bone, ceramics. Postmold patterns indicate three consecutive palisade structures; many pits (cooking, storage, refuse).
1969 The Archeological Resources of the Connecticut River Basin: Preliminary Survey. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Archaeological survey of Connecticut River Basin (MA, CT, MN, VT); over 600 sites reported.
- Sanger, David
1966 Indian Graves Provide Clues to the Past. The Beaver, Outfit 1296 (Spring):22-27.
1400-1750 (suggested dates), Native American, burials, north bank of South Thompson River, near Chase, British Columbia. Five burials (all tightly to loosely flexed) excavated 1960, with intact artifacts (jade axe blades, side-notched arrows, conical-ended soapstone pipes, bird pipe-bowl of soapstone, antler and birch bark artifacts).
- Sargent, Paul H.
1956 The Burials at Stowe Point, Salem County. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 12:23-24.
17th century, burials, Salem County, NJ. Three graves in bank of Stowe Creek excavation (1935); all three assumed to be Swedish, without proof; bodies interred on boards or slabs; Native American ceramic sherds lay among ribs of two children; third grave thought to be an adult; historical material pertaining to Swedish colonization summarized.
- Saville, Foster H.
1920 A Montauk Cemetery at Easthampton, Long Island. Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, Indian Notes and Monographs 2( ):69-102.
17th-18th century, Native American (Montauk) cemetery, Long Island, NY. Good illustrated series of trade objects of European and American manufacture.
- Schaafsma, Curtis and Martha Mayer
1964 Current Research — Southwest: Excavations of 1963 at Mid-18th Century Village in Two Rivers Reservoir, Rio Hondo. American Antiquity 30(1):131.
Mid-18th century, Southwestern adobe houses, Two Rivers Reservoir, Rio Hondo. Notes work at series of houses associated with 8-shaped corral.
- Scatchard, Thomas and Jeanne Scatchard
1978 An Archeological and Social Evaluation of What May Be America’s First Industrial Suburb. Society for Industrial Archeology Occasional Publication 3:21. Houghton, MI.
Concerns the Philadelphia area.
- Schenck, Helen R.
1978 Archaeological Prospecting at Valley Forge. MASCA Journal 1:16-17.
1984 The Upper Forge at Valley Forge. Report to Valley Forge National Historic Park from Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
1988 Forging Iron at Valley Forge. Journal of Metals 40(8):44-46.
- Schenck, Helen R. and Reed Knox, Jr.
1985 Wrought Iron Manufacture at Valley Forge. MASCA Journal 3(5):132-141.
1986 Valley Forge: The Making of Iron in the Eighteenth Century. Archaeology 39(1):26-33.
- Schiek, Allen G.
1964 The Caleb Pusey House, Upland, Pennsylvania. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 23(Jun.):15.
17th century, British colonial, Caleb Pusey House, Upland, PA. House believed to be oldest British colonial house in Pennsylvania; excavations briefly described, along with abundant artifacts; “reconstruction” alluded to.
1969 Caleb Pusey House II: Chemical Analyses of Some Copper Coins from House Excavations. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 7:17-26.
- Schiek, Allen G., editor
1955 Hagley Yard Dig. Inksherds 1(1):1-2.
19th century, U. S. industrial community (DuPont Hagley Yards), Delaware. Archaeological Society of Delaware 1955 excavation on site of unknown building; many artifacts of industrial nature found.
1955 New Dig Started. Inksherds 1(1):1.
Contact, Native American (Lenni Lenape?) village, Delaware. Site abandoned before 1690; announcement of excavation starting at Minquannan on White Clay Creek (site “fully documented” as village where European settlers contacted with Native Americans, supposedly Lenni Lenape); located close to Pennsylvania state line.
- Schmitt, Karl, Jr.
1942 Patawomeke: An Historic Algonkian Site. Master’s thesis, University of Chicago, Chicago.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American (Algonkian) sites, Maryland. Recalls Elmer R. Reynolds work (Reynolds 1883) at apparently late cemetery near Piscataway, with knives, coins, and glass beads; mentions ossuaries at Port Tobacco River containing trade goods. With regard to Moyaone, states that presence of trade goods uncertain in great ossuaries (one of which held upwards of 600 individuals).
1952 Archaeological Chronology of the Middle Atlantic States. In Archaeology of the Eastern United States, James B. Griffin, editor, pp. 59-70. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Prehistoric-historic, middle Atlantic states. Places Moyaone in cultural sequence of Tidewater, Virginia, and Chesapeake region; last component at site is manifestation of Potomac Creek Focus (in progress when John Smith visited in 1608).
- Schoff, Harry L.
1937 Excavation of Fort Muncie. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 7(Apr.):9-11.
18th-19th century, British colonial, U. S. military, frontier fort (Fort Muncie), Susquehanna Valley, PA.
1938 Activities of the Archaeological Division of the Frontier Forts and Trails Survey. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8(3):69-70.
Contact, Native American sites, and 18th century, French colonial, military site (Fort Le Baeuf), Erie, PA. Two sites in the city of Erie; grave of Chief Guyasutha.
1939 An Archaeological Study of Indian Village Sites in the Lower Wyoming Valley. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 9(2):21-34.
Prehistoric-post-contact, Native American, village sites, Wyoming Valley, PA. Four sites reported as post-contact.
1958 A Recent Find at Factory Hollow. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 14:9-10.
Contact, Native American, burials, Factory Hollow site, NY. 1958 excavation uncovered two additional burials at site.
- Schooler, Alice Kent, Jeffrey C. Bourke, and Elizabeth C. Righter
1983 Trevose, The Growden Mansion: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of the Origins and Evolution of Trevose, Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania [2 vols.]. Report to Supervisors of Bansalem Township, Pennsylvania, from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Schooler, Alice Kent and Daniel G. Roberts
1979 Historical and Archaeological Study of Market Street East. Report to Market Street East Development Corporation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Schroeder, Albert H.
1952 A Brief Survey of the Lower Colorado River from Davis Dam to the International Border. Boulder City, NV: Bureau of Reclamation Reproduction Unit.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, lower Colorado River basin, Arizona and California. Survey; ceramics almost sole artifactual material found.
1953 A Few Sites in Moapa Valley, Nevada. Masterkey 27(1):18-24.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, Moapa Valley, southern NV. Pre-ceramic pithouses; upper levels contained historic materials.
1953 A Few Sites in Moapa Valley, Nevada — II. Masterkey 27(2):62-68.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, Moapa Valley, southern Nevada. Pre-ceramic pithouses; upper levels contained historic materials.
1958 The Maximo Point Site. Florida Anthropologist 2:1-10.
Contact, Native American site. (Maximo Point), Florida. Discusses contact between historic sites (Seven Oaks, Safety Harbor, and Parrish Mounds 1 and 3) and association with Leon-Jefferson culture. Both European and Leon-Jefferson materials seem to have reached Tampa Bay Indians through trade or other diffuse means; Timucua Indians apparently did not come in contact with Spanish during 1650-1700 period.
- Schumacher, Paul J. F.
1951 Archeological Explorations of the Furnace Group — 1935-1951, Hopewell Village National Historic Site. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
1780-1880, U. S. iron furnace complex, Hopewell Village. Field notes of excavations (1935-1951) around furnace area; summary; includes guide to nomenclature, chronology of site and of excavations; discusses archaeological methods employed; specific sites: water wheel pits; bridge house and its walls; north furnace room; casting house and molding rooms.
1951 Archeology of Hopewell Village (Field Notes). Ms., National Park Service Philadelphia.
1780-1880, U. S. iron furnace complex, Hopewell Village. Field notes (4 June to 7 July 1951) of excavations around furnace area. Of interest is appended Field and Laboratory Guide for Recording Archaeological Data.
1951 Historic Road Project Archeology, Hopewell Village National Historic Site., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
1780-1880, U. S. iron furnace complex, Hopewell Village. Field notes (9 August to 30 September 1955) of excavations; effort to determine original road patterns and grades.
1954 Field Notes — Archeological Exploration, Shadwell Property, Charlottesville, Virginia. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
18th century, British colonial, plantation (Shadwell), Charlottesville, VA. Thomas Jefferson’s birthplace; daily log of excavations at site (10 May to 4 June 1954); was also excavated by Roland W. Robbins same year (stated in Hidden America, 1959).
1955 Archeological Field Notes, Castle Clinton National Monument, New York. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
Early 19th century, U. S. fort, New York harbor, New York. Later became theater; still later aquarium; field notes (6-17 June 1955).
1956 Archeological Excavation of Independence Square. Ms., National Park Service., Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial and U. S., public buildings, Philadelphia. Log of excavations (1 October 1953-7 January 1954; 7 September 1954-27 May 1955; 8 November 1955-2 August 1956).
1956 Archeological Field Notes, Project No. 14 — New Hall — Carpenters’ Court, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial and U. S., meeting hall, Carpenter’s Guild, Philadelphia. Brief report contains administrative and historical data; field notes (26 April-25 July 1956) of excavations.
1956 Archeological Reconnaissance of Library Street from 5th Street to Carpenters’ Hall, Project No. 1. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial and U. S., public buildings, Sansom Street, Philadelphia. Field notes (13 February-11 May 1953) of excavations; specific sites: 123-129 South 5th Street; 418-422 Sansom Street; 412-414 Sansom Street; south yard of Second Bank of the United States; 407 Sansom Street; 120 South 4th Street; 119-129 South 4th Street; south yard of Carpenters’ Hall; First Bank of the United States; Dock Creek between 3rd and Walnut Streets.
1956 Bishop White Basement, 309 Walnut St., Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial and U. S., house (residence of Bishop William White), Philadelphia,. Field notes (8-28 December 1955 and 6-23 August 1956) of excavations.
1956 Preliminary Exploration of Franklin Court, Archeological Project 44, May-September 1953. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1961 Archeological Field Notes, Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
1805-1806, U. S., temporary encampment of Lewis and Clark expedition, Astoria, Washington. Temporary encampment for winter; excavation log (2 December 1956-30 June 1961).
1961 Archeological Field Notes — Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
1844-1870s, Hudson’s Bay Company post (1844-1860) and U. S. Army post (1859-1870s), Vancouver, WA. Excavation log.
1961 Archeological Field Notes, Whitman National Monument. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
Ca. 1830-1850, Whitman Mission, near Walla Walla, WA. Excavation log.
- Schuyler, Robert L.
1968 The Exhumation of Peter Lebec: One of the Earliest Examples of Historic Sites Archaeology in California. Masterkey 42(4):142-147.
1837, burial of U. S. citizen, Kern County, CA. Based on original notes, describes excavation of gravesite of Peter Lebec (one of earliest pioneers in Kern County; killed in 1837 by bear). In 1890 his grave was excavated in attempt to gain historical data on him, thus making this work one of earliest examples of historical archaeology on West Coast. Primary source material in Kern County Library, Bakersfield, CA.
1968 The Use of Historic Analogs in Archaeology. American Anthropologist 33(3):390-392.
Discusses use of historical sources, both documentary and artifactual, in formulation of specific and general analogies in archaeological interpretation.
1969 Historic Sites Archaeology and Its Relevancy to the Question of Professional and Amateur Archaeology. Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Newsletter 16(1):1-2.
Historic (especially 19th century), U. S. sites, California. Brief discussion of negative attitude among professional archaeologists toward historic sites and relationship of this attitude to amateur archaeology. Some suggestions offered to amateurs (especially in reference to 19th century California ghost towns) on positive contributions they can make.
- Schwartz, Douglas W.
1951 Archaeological Survey of 281 of Celina Reservoir Project, Monroe County, Kentucky: A Preliminary Report. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
Cumberland Basin, Celina Reservoir, Monroe County, KY. Ten sites described from Cumberland Basin.
1961 The Tinsley Hill Site. Lexington: University of Kentucky.
Contact, Native American (Mississippian), Tinsley Hill site, KY. Late contact material suggests stone grave complex as late addition to Mississippian trait assemblage.
- Sears, William H.
1959 A-296 — A Seminole Site in Alachua County. Florida Anthropologist 12(1):25-30.
Contact, Native American (Seminole) site (A-296), near Gainesville, Alachua County, FL. Two pipe stems and sheet iron found with Red Filmed ware and Chattahoochee Brushed sherds at small site assigned to Seminole occupation.
- Senter, Donovan
1934 The Work on Old Quarai Mission. El Palacio 37:169-175.
17th century, Native American pueblo and Spanish colonial mission (Old Quarai Mission), NM. Limited commentary on stabilization of Quarai Mission church by Civilian Conservation Corps labor.
- Setzler, Frank M.
1943 Archaeological Explorations in the United States, 1930-1942. Acta Americana 1(2):206-220.
1930-1942, Federal Relief projects, U. S. Short note on projects; first mention of “historical-Archaeology” as tentative term (p. 218); useful summary includes excavation of historical sites.
- Shackel, Paul A.
1996 Culture Change and the New Technology, an Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era. New York: Plenum Press.
Industrial development in America exemplified by Harpers Ferry, WV as it was transformed from a craft manufacture of guns to production of interchangeable parts, late 18th century through 19th century, illustrated and defined by historical archaeology. Based on excavations and research at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park.
- Shenkel, J. Richard and William Westbury
1965 The Marine Hospital at Fort Saint Marks. Tallahassee: Florida State University.
Ca. 1857-1858, U. S., military hospital, Florida. Excavation of foundation of Marine Hospital built at Port of St. Marks because of yellow fever on the Gulf Coast; site now in Fort St. Marks Park, FL.
- Sherman, Charles F.
1948 A Preliminary Report of the Powers Shell Heap in Kingston, Massachusetts. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 9(4):75-76.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American, shell heap (Powers Shell Heap), Kingston, MA. European trade goods recovered from upper level of shell heap.
- Shiner, Joel L.
1952 A Preliminary Report on the Archeology of Site 45-WW-6 on the Columbia River, Washington. Smithsonian Institution, River Basin Surveys, Columbia Basin Project, Eugene.
Prehistoric, Native American (Wallawalla, Cayuse, Umatilla) site, near Walla Walla and Columbia rivers, WA. Survey; short discussion (p. 33-34) of trade goods, noting finding of glass beads, fragments of sheet copper, copper tubular bead, copper rivet or stud, and broken clay pipestem; flaked telephone or telegraph insulator found near surface of site.
1961 The McNary Reservoir: A Study in Plateau Archeology. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 23; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 182:149-266. Washington.
Native American sites, McNary Reservoir, Washington. Survey; some mention of historic sites.
- Shuster, Ronald
1975 Report on the Excavation Conducted behind Maurice Stephens Farmhouse on the Site of Huntington’s Quarters, November 17-20, 1975 [pp. 1-15]. Report, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.
1976 The Report on the Investigation of the 18th Century Doorway and Doorsill at the Site Known as Lafayette’s Quarters, December 31, 1975 – January 15, 1976 [pp. 1-14]. Report, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.
- Sill, Arthur
1962 La Purisima Mission State Historical Monument, Proposed Archaeological Reconnaissance. Ms. No. 133, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
18th century, Spanish colonial, mission (La Purisima Mission), CA. Appendix in preliminary survey of La Purisima Mission State Historic Monument.
- Silverberg, James
1957 The Kickapoo Indians: First One Hundred Years of White Contact in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Archaeologist 38(3):61-184.
1640-1752, Native American (Kickapoo) and white contact, Wisconsin. Exhaustive account.
- Simonsen, Bjorn O., Ray Kenny, John McMurdo, and Pauline Rafferty, editors
1981 Activities of the Heritage Conservation Branch for the Year 1978. Victoria: Heritage Conservation Branch.
Historical site references include: S. S. Iroquois wreck, underwater investigation west of Ker Island, near Sidney, British Columbia; 19th century (and possibly before), pictographic survey, southeast Stuart Lake, British Columbia (Thomas H. Richards); 1889-1908, grave and oil wells (now abandoned), preliminary heritage impact assessment of Akamina-Kishinena and Flathead areas, southeast British Columbia (John A. Foster).
- Simpson, Ruth D.
1946 Those Who Have Gone Still Live: The Hohokam since 1400 A.D. Masterkey 20(3):73-80.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Pima, Hohokam), Arizona. Pima-Hohokam relationship attested with brief comment.
- Sinclair, John L.
1951 The Pueblo of Kuaua. El Palacio 58(7):206-214.
1300-1600, Native American, village (pueblo), Spanish colonial contact, New Mexico. Summary of history of archaeological site; no particular data on presumed Spanish period.
- Skinner, Alanson
1909 Archaeology of the New York Coastal Algonkin. American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Paper 2(8):213-236.
Historic, Native American (Algonkian) contact, coastal New York. Trade goods from sites of Delaware, Wappinger Confederacy, and Montauk Confederacy scarce.
1909 The Lenape Indians of Staten Island. American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Paper 3(1):1-62.
Historic, Native American (Lenape) sites, Staten Island, NY. Brief description of trade materials from 24 historic sites.
1919 Exploration of Aboriginal Sites at Throgs Neck and Clasons Point, New York City. New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Historic, Native American (Siwanay), New York, NY. Describes two sites: Throgs Neck or Schley Avenue shell heap and Snakapins (Clasons Point) site.
1920 Archaeological Investigation on Manhattan Island. Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, Indian Notes and Monographs 2(6):127-281.
Native American, Manhattan Island, NY. Inward village and site on corner of Broadway and Isham Street have produced small amount of trade goods.
1921 Notes on Iroquois Archaeology. New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Contact-historic, Native American (Iroquois) sites, New York. Religious articles from early period of Jesuit missions predominate at early historic Cayuga site of Great Gully.
- Skinner, Alanson and Max Schrabisch
1913 A Preliminary Report of the Archaeological Survey of the State of New Jersey. Trenton: Geological Survey of New Jersey.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, New Jersey. Survey; 370 sites in various parts of state listed and described; discusses Lenni Lenape migration problem, their history, distribution, and Walam Olum legend. Sites where trade goods found in surface collection are: West Cape May (bead found; said to be of Native gold); village site between South River and Old Bridge (glazed ceramics, glass, and nails found); Watchogue, NY (camp on dunes, few trade items, brass points); metal implements very rare: four Native copper artifacts; three spears or knives; one celt (now in Peabody Museum). No explanation for paucity of trade goods as compared to situation in Iroquois territory in western New York.
- Sleight, Frederick W.
1949 Notes Concerning an Historic Site of Central Florida. Florida Anthropologist 2(1-2):26-30.
Contact, Native American site, Florida. Describes Tavares site where large quantities of glass trade beads were encountered with St. John’s Check Stamped and Plain wares.
- Smart, Colin, Kenneth Emory, Lloyd J. Soehren, Edmund J. Ladd, and William J. Bonk
1965 The Archaeological Resources of Hawaii — Volcanoes National Park. Ms., Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.
Prehistoric-historic, pre- and post-contact, Polynesian sites, Puna coast, island of Hawaii. Survey; Volcanoes National Park; Part I includes site descriptions; Part II includes additional sites, test excavations, petroglyphs.
- Smith, Allan H.
1957 The Location of Flathead Post. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 48(2):47-58.
1823-1826, U. S. fur trading post (Flathead Post), western Montana. Location of post has been misplaced during 1823-1826 period; was not in Thompson Falls area, but further up Clark Fork, opposite mouth of Swamp Creek; historical data examined in detail; all evidence leads to this conclusion. Although post did occupy Thompson Falls area at earlier date, it was evidently moved somewhat to the east during the period in question; map of Clark Fork Valley area showing post location.
1961 An Ethnological Analysis of David Thompson’s 1809-1811 Journeys in the Lower Pend Oreille Valley, Northeast Washington. Ethnohistory 8(4):309-381.
Early 19th century, contact, Native American (Kalispel), northeastern Washington. Ethnographic study; detailed diaries of David Thompson analyzed on basis of their internal evidence, supplemented with maps and other data, and author’s personal familiarity with area’s topography to relate his notations to actual stream courses and trails.
- Smith, Benjamin L.
1953 A Report on the Follins Pon Investigation. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 14(2):83-88.
11th century, Viking explorers, Massachusetts. Excavation of supposed ship’s shoring attributed to 11th century Vikings.
- Smith, Carlyle S.
1950 The Archaeology of Coastal New York. American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Papers 43(Part 5):95-200.
Prehistoric-post-contact, Native American sites, coastal New York. Cultural and chronological position of prehistoric to post-contact sites.
- Smith, Charles R., Ronald Deiss, and William D. Walters, Jr.
1981 Phase I Archaeological Reconnaissance and Historical Investigation of the F. A. P. 406 Highway Corridor, Tazewell and Logan Counties, Illinois. Ms., Illinois State University, Normal.
Historic, Euroamerican sites, agricultural population (47 farmsteads, 3 schools), Tazewell and Logan counties, IL. Phase I archaeological investigation, architectural analysis, and historical research of seven proposed alternates and Mackinaw River Crossing area for F. A. P. 406 Highway Project by Midwestern Archaeological Research Center.
- Smith, Clarence E. and W. D. Weymouth
1952 Archaeology of the Shasta Dam Area. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 18:1-46.
Limited reconnaissance, present Shasta Lake, CA.
- Smith, Elmer B.
1952 The Archaeology of Deadman Cave, Utah: A Revision. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
Native American shelter (Deadman Cave), UT. Survey; five stratified levels: three uppermost thought to be relatively recent (earliest being 2500-3500 years old); lowest may be as much as 7000 years old.
- Smith, G. Hubert
1939 Archaeological and Historical Report on Fort Ridgely (Minnesota) 1936-1937. Ms., Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
1853-1867, U. S. military fort (Fort Ridgely), MN. Report contains plans, photographs, specimens from site in Fort Ridgely State Park.
1939 Excavating the Site of Old Fort Ridgely. Minnesota History 20(2):146-155.
19th century, U. S. military fort (Fort Ridgely), MN. Popular account of archaeological excavation (1936-1937 field work) and specimens recovered.
1951 Explorations of the La Verendryes, 1738-1743, with Special Reference to Verendrye National Monument. Ms., National Park Service, Washington.
1738-1743, French colonial trading post (La Verendryes), Great Lakes, Minnesota. Identification of site.
1953 Trade Beads from Ft. Berthold. Central Texas Archeology 6:41-56.
19th century, Native American trade, trading post (Fort Berthold), Missouri River basin, North Dakota. Lists and describes several thousand trade beads from upper Missouri River trading post.
1957 Archeological Salvage at Historic Sites in the Missouri Basin. Ms., Smithsonian Institution, Missouri River Basin Surveys, Lincoln.
1721-1870, Western frontier sites, Missouri basin.
1958 Archeological Explorations at Fort McHenry. In Fort McHenry Historical and Archeological Research Project Report. Baltimore: National Park Service.
War of 1812, U. S. fort (Fort McHenry), in harbor, Baltimore, MD. Complete report of 1958 archaeological investigations that resulted in location of original flagpole site (key location in fort’s story), as well as several structural sites; covers: boundary wall and tavern, lower and upper water batteries of 1814, flagstaff site of 1803, and powder magazine; concerns combined historical, archaeological, and architectural research, of which Smith report is portion; additional portions include addenda by John L. Cotter and Lee H. Nelson (dated 16 December 1958) concerning A, D, and E tests.
1960 Archaeological Investigations at the Site of Fort Stevenson (32ML1), Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 19; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:163-238. Washington.
19th century, U. S. trading and military post (Fort Stevenson), Missouri River Basin, west-central North Dakota. Detailed archaeological report; contains interpretation of archaeological evidence in relation to historical documentation; fort subsequently served as Fort Berthold Indian School (until ca. 1893); describes key artifacts; appendix (by Carlyle S. Smith) on cartridges and bullets from Fort Stevenson; includes two maps of 19th century Missouri River military posts and trading posts, and site plats.
1960 Fort Pierre II (39ST217), a Historic Trading Post in the Oahe Dam Area, South Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 18. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:87-158.
19th century, U. S. post (Fort Pierre II), Missouri River Basin, South Dakota. Detailed archaeological account of salvage of 1855 fort in Oahe Reservoir area; historical background, site description; architectural and artifactual evidence (detailed account of hardware, tools, implements, farriery, wagon parts, furniture and household goods, military goods, personal items, and trade goods).
1963 Archaeological Explorations at Fort McHenry. Maryland Historical Magazine 58(3):247-250.
War of 1812, U. S. military fortification (Fort McHenry), Baltimore, MD. Brief summary of archaeological work (part of Mission 66 research project of National Park Service); resulted in location of site of original flagpole and several important structures that have since been obliterated. (See also G. Hubert Smith ).
- Smith, Hale G.
1948 Results of an Archaeological Investigation of a Spanish Mission Site in Jefferson County, Florida. Florida Anthropologist 1(1-2):1-10.
17th-18th century, Spanish colonial, mission site, Jefferson County, FL. Preliminary report on excavations at site presumed to be San Francisco de Oconee (destroyed in 1704).
1948 Two Historical Archaeological Periods in Florida. American Anthropologist 13(4):313-319.
16th-18th century, Native American and Spanish colonial, ceramics, Florida. Concerns ceramic identifications of Native Americans as time markers for contexts in which they may be found (Spanish or Native American); St. Augustine period (1565-1750) and Leon-Jefferson period (1650-1725); relates to Native Americans from surrounding areas as work gangs at Castillo de San Marcos, Apalachee, Timucua, and Ais.
1949 Two Archaeological Sites in Brevard County, Florida. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
18th century, Spanish colonial sites, Brevard County, central-east coast, FL. Report on Higgs site and site representing salvage activities along shore of Plate Fleet wreck of 1715; artifacts described and illustrated.
1951 A Spanish Mission Site in Jefferson County, Florida. In Here They Once Stood, Mark F. Boyd, Hale G. Smith, and John W. Griffin, editors, pp. 107-136. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
17th century, Spanish colonial, mission, Jefferson County, FL. Describes excavations and artifacts from site of Spanish mission, presumably San Francisco de Oconee (destroyed in 1704).
1953 Spanish Archaeological Sites in Florida. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 11:8.
16th-19th century, Spanish colonial chronology, Florida. Smith justifies his division of historic Spanish sites into three periods, early (1500-1600), middle (1600-1700), and late (1700-1800).
1962 El Morro. Florida State University, Notes in Anthropology 6:1-97.
1591-1777, Spanish colonial, fort (El Morro), San Juan, Puerto Rico. Results of archaeological work (June-August 1961), San Juan National Historic Site; under National Park Service grant.
1963 Fort St. Marks Salvage Program. Ms., National Park Service, Richmond.
17th century, Spanish colonial, fort (Fort St. Marks), St. Marks River, FL. Account of salvage of materials along spoil banks during dredging of St. Marks River by U. S. Army Corps of Engineers.
1963 St. Augustine Colonial Archaeology. Florida Anthropologist 16(1):9-22.
17th-19th century, Spanish colonial, settlement, St. Augustine, FL. Data relevant to traditional “first house” at St. Augustine.
1964 Fort San Carlos, Fernandeia Beach, Florida. Florida State University, Notes in Anthropology 10.
17th century, Spanish colonial, fort (Fort San Carlos), Fernandeia Beach, FL.
- Smith, Hale G., William Lazarus, H. G. Omwake, Harold McAleenan, Gordon Stacy, and Pheriba Simons
1965 Archaeological Excavations at Santa Rosa Pensacola. Florida State University, Notes in Anthropology 10:1-138.
1722-1752, Spanish colonial, Santa Rosa Pensacola site, Florida. Includes site description, history, excavation report, cultural materials (ceramics, glass, and other sections on gunflints, beads, stone artifacts, wood, ethnobotanical materials, shells, and money cowry).
- Smith, Hale G. and Robert Steinbach
1964 Rocque 226. Florida State University, Notes in Anthropology 9.
Ca. 1780, Spanish colonial, later British colonial, masonry house (MacMillen/Ortega House), St. Augustine, FL. Extensive excavation report; architectural details discussed; 18th century Spanish colonial artifacts identified.
- Smith, Helen C.
1965 The Portola Camps Revisited. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 1(4).
Ca. 1769, Spanish colonial, exploration, Orange and San Diego counties, CA. Describes seven camps made by Portola: Cristianitos Canyon, the old mission site, Trabuco Mesa camp, San Pantaleon, Santiago Creek, Santa Ana River camp, Brea Canyon camp.
1974 Report on the Coins Found during the Excavation of the Kitchen and Basement Areas of the Colonial Plantation Farm House CP-B and CP-C. Report, Bishop’s Mill Historical Institute, Ridley Creek State Park, Media, PA.
1974 Report on Marbles Found during Archaeological Excavations within the Kitchen CP-A and Basement CP-B and C Areas. Report, Bishop’s Mill Historical Institute, Ridley Creek State Park, Media, PA.
1974 Report on the Off-Kitchen Area (CP-7), Kitchen Well (CP-9), Carriage Barn, and Springhouse. Report, Bishop’s Mill Historical Institute, Ridley Creek State Park, Media, PA.
- Smith, Robert A., Jr.
1956 The Broomall Rock Shelter Sites. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 26(1):37-42.
Historic, Native American (Lenape) burial, Delaware County, PA.
- Smith, Watson
1952 Kiva Mural Decorations at Awatovi and Kawaika-a, Reports of the Awatovi Expedition, Report No. 5. Cambridge: Harvard University.
Historic, Native American (Hopi), religious buildings, Awatovi and Kawaika-a, Arizona. (See Ross G. Montgomery, Watson Smith, and John O. Brew, 1949.)
1952 Mural Decorations in Seventeenth-century Southwestern Missions. El Palacio 59(4):123-125.
17th century, Native American and Spanish colonial, missions, mural paintings, Awatovi, AZ, and Giusewa, NM.
- Snider, C. H. J.
1952 In Search of The Griffon. Ontario History 44(1):31-40.
17th century, shipwreck, Russell Island, near Tobermory, Ontario. Author at variance with opinions of Frank A. Myers and Manitoulin Historical Society that wreck found on Manitoulin Island, Ontario, is of LaSalle’s 1680 ship, The Griffon.
1956 Further search for The Griffin. Ontario History 44(1):1-6.
17th century, shipwreck, Russell Island, near Tobermory, Ontario. Ship believed to be LaSalle’s 1680 ship, The Griffon; describes discovery and assessment of identification of materials found by Orrie Vail near Tobermory and their comparison with other materials also believed to be from The Griffon.
- Snyder, Warren A.
1956 ‘Old Man house’ on Puget Sound. Research Studies of the State College of Washington [WSU] 24(1):17-37.
19th century, Native American, house site, Puget Sound, WA. Reports excavation at house site first recorded in 1855; most observers believe house was built in early 19th century; report largely discusses Native American artifacts; only trade item shown is bowl of glazed clay pipe in form of human head (called by author an “effigy pipe”); mention made that items of non-Indian manufacture were fairly profuse but not listed.
- Soehren, Lloyd J.
1962 Archaeological Excavations at City of Refuge National Historical Park, Honaunau, Kona, Hawaii. Ms., Bernice P. Bishop Museum and National Park Service, Honolulu.
Pre- and post-contact, Native American, sites (H47, H48), Honaunau, Kona, HI. Discussion of H47 includes artifacts, summary, conclusions; discussion of H48 includes geography, artifacts, fishing apparatus, personal adornment, games equipment.
- Solecki, Ralph S.
1949 Some Notes on Historic Contact Sites. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 8:7.
Value of direct historical approach discussed and some suggestions made for program of action in regard to historical archaeology.
1950 The Archaeological Position of Historic Fort Gorchaug, Long Island, and Its Relation to Contemporary Forts. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin 24. New Haven.
Fort (Gorchaug), Long Island, NY. Details archaeological record; part of Master’s thesis.
1957 Shantok Influence on Eastern Long Island. American Anthropologist 23(2):171-173.
Historic, Native American, Pantigo and Fort Corchang sites, eastern Long Island, New York. Author takes issue with C. S. Smith’s (1950) grouping of the two sites together in one tradition.
1948 A Seventeenth-century Fireplace at Maspeth, Long Island. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 38(10):324-329.
Ca. 1642, possibly British colonial, site at Maspeth (incorporated town within Borough of Queens, Long Island, NY. April 1935 site excavation by Solecki and Stanley Wisniewski; probably of European origin; found: clay tobacco pipes (with maker marks), fired bricks, etc., together with flint chips (Native American).
1950 The Archaeological Position of Historic Fort Corchaug, Long Island, and Its Relation to Contemporary Forts. Available in part in Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin 24:1-43 (originally from Master’s thesis).
1640-1662, British colonial, fort (Fort Corchaug), Long Island, NY.
- Soto, Anthony
1961 Mission San Luis Rey, California — Excavations in the Sunken Gardens. Kiva 26(4):34-43.
1798-1850, Spanish colonial and Mexican, mission (Mission San Luis Rey), southern CA. Artifacts discussed include: four Spanish and one Bolivian coin, hundreds of glass beads, musket balls, a Spanish religious medal, a Spanish rifle guard, iron spikes and nails, and 19th century Spanish, Mexican, and Asian ceramics.
- South, Stanley A.
1958 Locating the Excavation Units at Brunswick Town. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, settlement site, Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Describes methodology and condition of ruins located in town.
1958 Nath Moore’s Front. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, residence, Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Describes methodology, features, and correlation with historic data relating to excavation of ruin.
1959 The Area of the Gaol. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
18th century, British colonial, jail building, Brunswick Town, NC. Excavation report.
1959 The Brick Oven at “Prospect Hall.” Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, brick oven, Brunswick Town, NC. Excavation and analysis report of domestic feature from “Prospect Hall.”
1959 Description of the Ceramic Types from Brunswick Town. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, ceramics, Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina.
1959 Fort Anderson Barracks. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-19th century, Civil War fort (Fort Anderson), southeastern North Carolina. Excavation report for fort barracks for Confederate forces.
1959 The Hepburn-Reonalds House. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, residence, Brunswick Town, southeastern, North Carolina. Includes methodology, features, cultural materials, etc.
1959 The Jones-Price Ruin. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, house (the Jones-Price Ruin), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation report.
1959 Judge Maurice Moore’s Kitchen. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, domestic kitchen (Judge Maurice Moore’s Kitchen), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Describes excavation, features encountered, and correlation with historical references.
1959 The McCorkall-Fergus House. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, house (McCorkall-Fergus House), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Describes excavated features encountered and correlation with historical references.
1959 The Newman Kitchen. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, kitchen (the Newman kitchen), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Describes excavated features and correlation with historical references.
1959 Prospect Hall. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, residence (Prospect Hall), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation report of ruins.
1959 The Roger Moore House. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, house (Roger Moore House), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation and analysis report.
1959 The Wooten-Marnan Lot. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, settlement (the Wooten-Marnan Lot), Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation report.
1960 Exploratory Excavation in the Yard to the North of the Palmer-Marsh House in Bath, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, house cellar ruin (the Palmer-Marsh House), Bath, NC. Series of progress reports on excavation
1960 The Public House and Tailor Shop. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, public house and tailor shop, Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation and analysis report.
1960 The Wall around Lot 27 (Brunswick Town, North Carolina). Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, British colonial, settlement, Brunswick Town, southeastern North Carolina. Excavation and analysis report.
1961 The House on Hobbs Road in Greensboro, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
1800-1825, U. S. residence, Greensboro, NC. Excavation report on second home of educator David Caldwell.
1961 Notes on the Plan of Fort Fisher and Excavation of the Palisade Fence at Fort Fisher. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
1861-1865, Civil War fort (Fort Fisher), palisade fence, North Carolina. Excavation report of Confederate fort fence.
1962 An Archaeological Examination of Indian Hill on the Campus of the Citadel, Charleston, South Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Ca. 1690-1710, presumed British colonial, ruin (Indian Hill), the Citadel, Charleston, SC. Report of partial excavation.
1962 An Examination of the Bogue Inlet Fort on Russell’s Island, New Swansboro, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
1861-1865, U. S. fort (Bogue Inlet Fort), New Swansboro, eastern North Carolina. Excavation report of Confederate fort.
1962 Examination of the Chapman-Taylor (Attmore-Oliver) House in New Bern, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Early 19th century, U. S., house and kitchen (Chapman-Taylor [Attmore-Oliver] House), New Bern, NC. Describes excavation and study of alterations on standing building.
1962 Examination of the George Hooper House, 6 Church Street, Wilmington, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Early 19th century, U. S., house (the George Hooper House), Wilmington, NC. Report of excavation of cellar and yard; study of comparative approaches to house dating.
1962 Examination of the Ringware House on Lot 23, Swansboro, North Carolina. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Late 18th-early-19th century, U.S., house (Ringware House), Swansboro, NC. Report of excavation of cellar and yard.
1963 The Hebe Skirmish Centennial and the Fort Fisher Visitor-Center Museum Groundbreaking Program, Kure Beach, NC. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, and Fort Fisher Restoration Commission, Kure Beach, North Carolina.
Civil War sites, Fort Fisher, Kure Beach, NC. Summary of various projects relating to Civil War period: grounding and destruction of blockade runner Hebe; removing cannon from wreck of the U.S.S. Peterhoff; deactivation of explosive Civil War shells; plans for restoration of part of Fort Fisher; excavation of ruin of Lighthouse Keeper’s House and Colonel Lamb’s Headquarters at Fort Fisher; salvaging and preserving cargo of blockade runner Modern Greece; and excavation of palisade fence at Fort Fisher.
1963 A Kiln Site of Town Creek. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Late 18th-early 19th century, U. S., brick kiln, Town Creek, southeastern North Carolina. Report on excavations.
1963 The Perquimans County Courthouse. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Early 19th century, U. S., public building (Perquimans County Courthouse), Perquimans County, northeast North Carolina. Short report on examination of building and ruins beneath present structure representing earlier foundation.
1964 The Archaeological Program of the North Carolina Department of Archives and History. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Includes Fort Fisher and Brunswick Town, NC. Reviews various projects undertaken in archaeological program; includes underwater salvage projects.
1964 Interpreting the Brunswick Town Ruins. Florida Anthropologist 17(2):56-62.
Last half 18th century, British colonial, Brunswick Town, NC. General discussion of archaeological and historiographic work conducted at site; emphasis on architectural features; mentions hundreds of buttons, fourteen scissors fragments, five thousand straight pins, scores of buckles, twenty-eight sleeve-links, and many thimbles.
1964 Plans for the Restoration of the Palisade at Fort Fisher. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-19th century, Civil War fort (Fort Fisher), southeastern North Carolina. Correlation of 1865 map of fort with excavation data so restoration of palisade fence could be carried out.
1964 Progress Report on the Bethabara Project. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
Mid-18th century, Moravian settlement, Piedmont region, NC. Progress report (in photographic form) of work done during 1964 season.
1965 Anthropomorphic Pipes from the Kiln Waster Dump of Gottfried Aust — 1755 to 1771. Florida Anthropologist 18(3)(Part 2):49-60.
18th century, German ceramic industry, Moravian religious-cooperative community, Bethabara, NC. Includes: history of Aust pottery, excavation of waster dumps, pipes from kiln waster dumps, Christ-Krause kiln waster dump, interpretation and documentation; appendix includes list of pipe types.
1965 Excavating the 18th Century Moravian Town of Bethabara, North Carolina. Florida Anthropologist 18(3)(Part 2):45-48.
18th century, Moravian religious-cooperative community, Bethabara, NC. Brief commentary and listing of features located and excavated.
1966 The Ceramic Types and Forms of the Potter, Gottfried Aust, of Bethabara, North Carolina 1755-1771. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
1755-1771, German (Moravian) ceramics, Moravian religious-cooperative community, Bethabara, NC. Site plans, sketches of ceramic forms of Gottfried Aust, master potter; all pictorial.
1967 Fort Dobbs on the Carolina Frontier 1755-1764: A Background Study for Historical Archaeology. Ms., North Carolina Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.
1755-1764, British colonial, frontier fort (Fort Dobbs), North Carolina. Report is feasibility study based upon documentary search and test trench at site that indicated probable proximity of fort.
1968 Photography in Historical Archaeology. Historical Archaeology 2:73-113.
Practical discussion of archaeological field photography; problems of archaeological photography in historic site work, including artifacts, stratigraphy, etc.; many plates illustrate problems.
1970 An Examination of the Site of Fort Hawkins in Macon, Bobb County, Georgia, with an Evaluation of the Potential for Historical Archeology, with a View toward Historic Site Development. Ms., Institute of Archeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
Ca. 1806-1820s, fort and trading post (Fort Hawkins), Macon, GA. Examination of site (major feature, the blockhouse); gives evaluation of potential for historical Archaeology with view toward historic site development.
1970 A Method of Removing Soil Profiles. Ms., Notebook, Institute of Archeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
Archaeological field technique of general interest at 17th-century site; discusses methods of lifting a profile intact [pp. 3-7].
1974 Evaluation and Analysis Situations Relative to the Archaeological Data Bank. Conference on Historical Site Archaeology, Papers 1972. Columbia, SC.
Archaeological theory; content as per title.
1974 The Function of Observation on the Archaeological Process. Conference on Historical Site Archaeology, Papers 1972. Columbia, SC..
1974 Historical Archeology Reports: A Plea for a New Direction. Conference on Historical Site Archaeology, Papers 1972. Columbia, SC.
1974 The Horizon Concept Revealed on the Application of the Mean Ceramic Date Formula to Spanish Majolica in the New World. Conference on Historical Site Archaeology. Papers 1972. Columbia, SC.
1974 Methodological Phases in the Archaeological Process. Conference on Historical Site Archaeology, Papers 1972. Columbia, SC.
1977 Method and Theory in Historical Archeology. New York: Academic Press.
- South, Stanley A., editor
1977 Research Strategies in Historical Archeology. New York: Academic Press.
South and eleven other investigators offer references of their experiences.
1994 Pioneers in Historical Archaeology, Breaking New Ground. New York: Plenum Press.
Originally written in 1977; delayed compendium of reminiscences by pioneers, some of whom were deceased at the time of publication.
- Sowter, T. W. Edwin
1900 Archaeology of Lake Deschenes. Ottawa: Ottawa Printing Co.
Contact, Native American and French colonial, Lake Deschenes, Ontario.
- Spencer, Bernard
1966 The Bay City Site. Saginaw Valley Archaeology 3(5-8).
Prehistoric-historic, Native American and 19th century U. S., Bay City, MI. Middle Woodland (Hopewellian) occupation from depth of 16 inches to historical level; pre-ceramic Adena level from 30 inches to 16 inches. Overlying area contained historical period ceramics (including clay pipe fragments, table ware, square nails, and glass fragments); hearth area contained 2 brass tinkler cones, fragment of sheet brass, and base of large triangular projectile point. Lynn Street (north of center of White Street) excavated by members of Saginaw Valley Chapter of Michigan Archaeological Society in 1965.
- Spier, Leslie
1913 Results of an Archaeological Survey of the State of New Jersey. American Anthropologist 15:675-679.
Native American sites, New Jersey. 1912 and 1913 surface survey by Alanson Skinner, Max Schrabisch, and author; regional groupings of sites discerned, confirming historical and ethnographic record of three territorial groups; surface remains recognized as Lenni Lenape; some sites found with cruder tools and no camp debris, evidence of heterogeneous, prehistoric Native cultures; no trade goods reported.
1915 Indian Remains near Plainfield, Union County, and along the Lower Delaware Valley. Geological Survey of New Jersey 13:77-107.
Native American sites, lower Delaware Valley, NJ. Survey; reports find of iron axe at small camp site (part of large, rich site at confluence of Green and Bound brooks) near Lincoln, NJ. Square gunflint picked up at large site on hillock, near Dismal Swamps, South Plainfield.
1917 An Outline for a Chronology of the Zuni Ruins. American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Paper 18(Part 3):207-331.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Zuni) sites, New Mexico. Early extensive site survey; follows A. L. Kroeber’s historic seriation work and attempts to use same method.
- Spooner, Harry L.
1939 The Historic Indian Villages of the Peoria Lake Region, from 1730. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 32(2).
From 1730, historic Native American, village sites, Peoria Lake region, IL.
- Sprague, Roderick
1959 A Comparative Cultural Analysis of an Indian Burial Site in Southeast Washington. Master’s thesis, Washington State College [University], Pullman.
19th century, Native American (Nez Perce) burials, southeast Washington. Cultural study based on analysis of artifacts; excellent plates include: trade beads (individual and necklace), cut nails, early historic Nez Perce dress, brass beads and brass wire spring necklaces, brass and copper bracelets and rings (trade items of non-Indian make), miscellaneous trade items (including buckles, bells, a marble, various buttons, and textiles); trade goods discussed in detail (pp. 30-38); data on beads from Arthur Woodward included in notes.
1965 The Descriptive Archaeology of the Palus Burial Site, Lyons Ferry, Washington. Report to U. S. my Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla from Laboratory of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman.
Late 19th-early 20th century, Native American (Palus), cemetery, near Lyons Ferry, WA. Describes excavation; lists 262 burials and grave contents.
1974 The Development of Historical Archaeology in the Pacific Northwest. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1): 6-19.
Discusses development of historical archaeology in Pacific Northwest, ca. 19th and 20th centuries; extensive references cited.
- Sprague, Roderick and John D. Combes
1965 An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Blue Creek Dam Reservoir, Walla Walla County, Washington. Report to National Park Service, San Francisco from Laboratory of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman,.
1845+ (Whitman Mission period), Blue and Mill creeks, Walla Walla County, WA. Archaeological and historical survey; notes that actual site of Marcus Whitman’s sawmill has been eroded away; illustration indicates late-19th century log building located on Farrens farm.
1966 Excavations in the Little Goose and Lower Granite Dam Reservoirs, 1965. Report to National Park Service, San Francisco from Laboratory of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman.
1840s-present, Little Goose and Lower Granite Dam reservoir areas, along Snake River, WA. Survey of historic period.
- Squire, E. G.
1851 Antiquities of the State of New York and the West. Boston: George H. Derby and Co.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, New York. Brief reference to Adams, Tram, and Lima sites of western New York as having trade artifacts.
- Stachin, Myron, Geoffrey Moran, and Peter Thorbahn
1977 Archaeological Evaluation of the School Street Site: Mansfield, Bristol County, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic, urban (School Street) site, Mansfield, MA. Survey.
- Stanton, Robert B.
1961 The Hoskaninni Papers, Mining in Glen Canyon, 1887-1902. University of Utah Papers No. 54. Salt Lake City.
1887-1902, U. S., mining (Glen Canyon) operations, Colorado River. Historical documentation in form of diary of dredging operations.
- Steen, Charlie R.
1946 Notes on Some 19th Century Pima Burials. Kiva 12(1):6-10.
Ca. 1850-1860, Native American (Pima), burials, north of Casa Grande National Monument, AZ. Mound dug (1941) as part of land-clearing; ca. dozen burials found associated with two textile fragments (one Native-made, one non-Native), Staffordshire saucer (William Adams, ca. 1840+), glass trade bead (1840-1860), clay pipe, U. S. Army coat buttons, and articles of clothing and ornament; collection in private hands.
1953 Two Early Historic Sites on the Southern Plains. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 24:177-188.
18th century, historic, Native American sites, Texas and Oklahoma. Two sites surface surveyed; Deer Creek, OK (probably Wichita) and Spanish fort, Texas and Oklahoma border (probably Taovayas).
- Steen, Charlie R. and Rutherford J. Gettens
1962 Tumacacori Interior Decorations. Arizoniana 3(3):7-33.
Early 19th century, Spanish colonial and Mexican mission, interior painting and architecture, southern Arizona. Detailed discussion and analysis; includes analysis of paints and building materials; discusses decorative motifs used in wall paintings.
- Steen, Charlie R. and John O. Littleton
1955 A Survey of Archaeology and History in the Arkansas-White-Red River Basins. Washington: National Park Service.
16th century, Spanish exploration, and 19th century (Civil War) U. S. military posts, Red and White rivers, AR. Recreation survey cites basin-wide comprehensive plan for preservation and development of historic recreation resources and points out significant archaeological sites.
- Stephenson, Robert L.
1959 The Prehistoric People of Accokeek Creek. Accokeek, MD: Alice Ferguson Foundation.
Pre-historic, contact, Native American (Piscataway) sites, Piscataway Creek at confluence with Potomac River, MD. Cultural reconstruction of seven phases of occupation; historical information on sites; presents ethnography of Piscataway Indians and their predecessors; characteristic artifacts illustrated. Publication brings together work of Henry G. and Alice L. L. Ferguson on these sites.
1969 Blue Blanket Island (39WW9), an Historic Contact Site in the Oahe Reservoir near Mobridge, South Dakota. Plains Anthropologist 14(41):1-31.
Late 18th century, contact, Native American site, near Mobridge, SD. Includes site description, early investigations (including observation by Lewis and Clark); excavated (1961); fortification system, storage pits, midden tests; artifacts; faunal remains (Appendix A by William M. Bass, B. M. Gilbert, and Richard McWilliams).
- Steward, Julian H.
1941 Archeological Reconnaissance of Southern Utah. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 128:275-368. Washington.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Johnson Canyon, Paria River, and Glenn Canyon, Colorado River, UT. Survey; listed by individual sites.
- Stone, Garry Wheeler
1976 Archaeological Analysis of the Room Called Kitchen. Ms., St. Mary’s City Commission, St. Mary’s City, MD.
17th century, house site, St. Mary’s City, MD. Investigation in settlement.
1984 The Mount Joy Forge on Valley Creek. In The Scope of Historical Archaeology, David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier, editors, pp. 87-124. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Stone, Lyle M.
1965 Preliminary Report — 1965, Archaeological Investigation of Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinaw City, Michigan. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission and Michigan State University, East Lansing.
18th century, French colonial, later British colonial, frontier fort (Fort Michilimackinac), Mackinaw Island, MI. Report; 56 features, trenches, basements, and fireplaces recorded; analysis of nails, ceramics, Micmac pipes, animal bone, and seeds; 1965 excavation by archaeologists for Commission under joint auspices of Michigan State University.
- Stoner, Victor R.
1937 Original Sites of the Spanish Missions of the Santa Cruz Valley. Kiva 2(7-8):1-4.
17th century, Spanish colonial, missions, Santa Cruz Valley, AZ. Survey; calculated guesses at original sites of Los Santos Angeles de Guevavi, Calabasas, San Xavier del Bac, Sonoita, and Tumacacori. Beaubien (1937) proved Stoner to be incorrect in judgment that an early mission stood on east side of river.
- Stowe, Noel R. and Marvin Hoyt
1975 Archeological Investigation at Fort Mins. Washington: National Park Service.
1813, frontier fort (Fort Mins), Alabama. Excavations of stockade and structures within the stockade; preparatory to further excavations and limited reconstruction for interpretive purposes.
- Strickland, Sidney T.
1939 Excavations at the Site of the Home of Pilgrim John Howland, Rocky Nook. In The Howlands in America, William Howland, compiler. Detroit: Pilgrim John Howland Society.
17th-18th century, British colonial, residence (of Pilgrim John Howland), Rocky Nook, MA.
- Strong, Emory M.
1959 Stone Age on the Columbia River. Portland: Binfords and Mort.
Prehistoric-19th century, Native American culture, Columbia River basin, WA and OR. Discusses 19th century U. S. and British colonial trade (in Part III, entitled “Trade goods”); contains sections on Lewis and Clark medals, Northwest Company tokens, buttons, phoenix buttons, glass beads, copper ornaments, trade axes, and miscellaneous trade articles (nails, bracelets, chisels, rings, drawer pulls, bangles, coins, tokens, thimbles, jew’s harps, etc.); detailed illustrations of trade goods.
1962 Fountain Bar, a Site on the Columbia River in South Central Washington. Washington Archaeologist 6(1):3-21.
19th century, Native American village (Fountain Bar), Columbia River, WA. Noted historically both by Lewis and Clark and David Thompson in their journals; numerous Native American and Euroamerican artifacts recovered; among trade goods were: ceramic buttons, shell buttons, brass Army buttons (Scovills & Co. Extra), brass Phoenix buttons, iron bangles, brass tweezers, lead balls, iron fish hooks, iron arrow points, harmonica fragment, brass harness rivets, cut nails, horseshoe nail, brass tack heads, iron and brass pendants, iron pot fragments, watch parts, brass eyelet, bottle glass, and glass beads; careful description of beads.
- Strong, William Duncan
1935 An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 92(10). Washington.
Survey of all archaeology in Nebraska. Historical and traditional background, then sites description, followed by description of material culture by artifact categories.
1940 From History to Prehistory in the Northern Great Plains. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 100. Washington.
Plains archaeology discussed in light of historical knowledge.
- Stubbs, Stanley A.
1930 Survey of Governador Region. El Palacio 29(2):75-79.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American (Pueblo) site occupation, upper San Juan area, New Mexico. Survey; three types of dwellings identified: pit dwellings, cave dwellings, and houses (from one to forty rooms).
1683 1954 Museum of New Mexico Archaeological Fieldwork, 1952-53. Southwestern Lore 19(4):8-9.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, Cuyamungue Pueblo, NM. Three successive layers found: lowest (small pueblo inhabited ca. 1275-1350); middle (larger pueblo dating from ca. 1400-1500); top (village, occupied from ca. 1600-1700).
1959 `New’ Old Churches Found at Quarai and Tabira (Pueblo Blanco). El Palacio 66(5).
1598-1630, Spanish colonial, churches, New Mexico. One church at Quarai, one at Tabira believed used while larger churches were being built.
- Stubbs, Stanley A. and Bruce T. Ellis
1955 Archaeological Investigations at the Chapel of San Miguel and the Site of La Castrense, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Santa Fe: Laboratory of Anthropology, Museum of New Mexico.
1710-1760, Spanish colonial, missions, Santa Fe, NM. Excavation and repair of San Miguel Chapel; tree-ring dates by T. L. Smiley. Examination of demolition of La Castrense (also known as Chapel of Our Lady of Light, or the famous Military Chapel) built in 1760.
- Stubbs, Stanley A., Bruce T. Ellis, Alfred E. Dittert, Jr.
1957 `Lost’ Pecos Church. El Palacio 64(3-4):67-92.
17th century, Spanish colonial, mission church, Pecos Pueblo, New Mexico. Excavation and architecture (by Stubbs); speculative review of documentary and other data (by Ellis); Pueblo Indian shrine near “Lost” Pecos church, shrine objects (by Dittert).
- Suhm, Dee Ann
1958 A Review of Central Texas Archeology. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 29:63-107.
Historic, Native American tribes, etc., central Texas area.
- Sutton, Isaac
1953 Printzhof. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 20(4):395-398.
1643+, Swedish colonial, house (“Printzhof,” log dwelling of Johan Biornson Printz), Tinicum Island, Delaware River, Pennsylvania. 1937 excavation by Donald Cadsow for Pennsylvania Historical Commission; Printz was Governor of New Sweden.
l941 Archaeological Investigations at Buena Vista, Lake Kern County, California. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 130:1-194.
Native American (Talamniu), occupation, Buena Vista, Lake Kern County, CA. Trade goods found in state that little can be said about them.
- Swanson, Earl H., Jr.
1962 Historic Archaeology at Fort Okanogan, 1957. Tebiwa 5(1):1-10.
19th century, fur trading post (Fort Okanogan), Columbia River, WA. Site was first occupied by American Fur Trade Company under John Jacob Astor; by Canadian Northwest Company after ca. 1811.
- Swartz, Benjamin K.
1963 Highway Salvage Archaeology, Lava Beds National Monument: Final Report. Ms., Arizona State Museum, Tucson.
Prehistoric-late 19th century, Native American site, northern California. Site largely aboriginal; some historic, late-19th century materials dating from Modoc War period; short descriptions of bullet, cartridges, some leather fragments by Bernard L. Fontana (pp. 92, 110), beads by Roderick Sprague.
- Swauger, James L.
1959 An American Burial Technique of the Early 19th Century. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 29(1):38-39.
Early 19th century, describes characteristic burial technique (possibly local), Ravenscroft site, Fayette County, PA.
1960 Excavations at the Flag Bastion of Fort Pitt, 1958-1959. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 30(3-4):111-117.
18th century, British colonial and U. S. military, frontier fort (Fort Pitt), western Pennsylvania.
- Swauger, James L. and Arthur M. Hayes
1959 Historic Archaeology at Fort Pitt, 1953. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Museum.
18th century, British colonial, frontier fort (Fort Pitt), Pennsylvania. Detailed account of excavations, with plans, photographs, and descriptions. Reprint from Annals of Carnegie Museum 35: 247-274 (1959).
- Sweetman, P. L.
1958 The Pennycock Site, Haliburton County, Ontario. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 28(2):94-97.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American site, Halburton County, Ontario. Site of small-scale impermanent occupation from Laurentian times; three historic burials.
- Swientochowski, John and C. A. Weslager
1942 Excavations at the Crane Hook Site, Wilmington, Delaware. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 3(5):2-17.
Prehistoric, Native American, temporary camp, and British colonial, burial sites, Crane Hook site, at confluence of Christiana and Delaware rivers, Wilmington, Delaware. Native American artifact inventory indicates temporary camp; colonial burials discovered (dating from ca. 1680 onwards), in particular, Aldrich family cemetery (1750-1830).
- Talmage, Valerie
1977 Phase I/IIa Archeological Properties Survey for a Wastewater Collection System, Northborough, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic, Davis/Chapin mill with head race and foundation, Northborough, MA. Wastewater collection system survey located site.
1977 Phase I/IIa Cultural Resources Survey for Proposed Sewer Interceptors, Gardner, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic, Bickford-Travers Mill Dam, Gardner, MA. Survey located site.
- Tarlton, William S.
1959 North Carolina’s Historic Sites Program. Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 6(15):4-8.
- Tatum, R. M.
1944 The Petroglyphs of Southeastern Colorado. Southwestern Lore 10(3):38-43.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, petroglyph sites, Colorado. Discusses eight petroglyph sites; three periods represented: prehistoric (figures of geometric forms and a few animals); intermediate (figures both geometric and humanoid); historic (good representations of animals, including horses, and men).
1946 Minnesota Trade Material in Colorado. Southwestern Lore 12(1):4-5.
Historic, Native American site, near Trinidad, CO. Near Santa Fe trail; camping ground for many historic groups (Utes, Kiowa, Pawnee, Osage, Apache); materials found from Pueblo groups to south, Plains groups to east, and mountain cultures to west. Burial with artifacts of local origin, but also with catlinite needle, evidently traded from Minnesota.
- Taylor, Dee C.
1969 Archaeological Investigations in the Libby Reservoir Area. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
19th-early 20th century, U. S. and Native American sites, Jennings, Libby, and Tobacco Plains, along Kootenai River, MO. Survey; contains brief historic sketches of early towns; excavation of several historic structures within reservoir area, including Sophie’s Cabin site (Sophie was a woman of some notoriety who in 1883 established trading post, ran pack train, and boot-legged whiskey into Canada).
- Tays, George
1935 Industries and Trade Conducted at the Mission La Purisima Conception in California. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
18th-19th century, Spanish colonial, mission (Mission La Purisima Conception), near Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA. Industry and trade history of mission period.
- Temple, Wayne C.
1959 Indian Villages of the Illinois Country: Part II — Historic Indian Tribes. Springfield: Illinois State Museum.
- Thomas, Edward H.
1959 In Search of Etharita or St. Jean. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 29(2):93-97.
17th century, Native American (Petun Iroquois) and French colonial, mission site, Notawasaga Township, Ontario. Reports excavation of historic site, identified as Jesuit mission of St. Jean; discusses various post molds found, some presumably from Jesuit chapel, others for “torture stakes.”
- Thomas, Peter A.
1974 Archeological and Historical Impact Statement: Meadow Site, Upper Quabog River Watershed, North Brookfield, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Abundant historical resources recorded, Upper Quabog River Watershed, North Brookfield, MA. Includes 18th and 19th century house and mill foundations; mitigation proposed.
- Thompson, A. W.
1922 Ruins of Forts on the Santa Fe Trail. El Palacio 12(7):93-94.
19th century, U. S. and Mexican, forts (Bent’s Fort, Fort Lyons), Santa Fe Trail, Colorado and New Mexico. Letter describes trip to forts.
- Thompson, Richard A.
1971 Pipe Spring National Monument Utilities Project Archeological Report. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
Prehistoric, Native American (Anasazi), and 1863-1923 (Mormon pioneer period), Mormon fort foundation, Pipe Spring National Monument, northern, Arizona. Discusses trenching operation through the monument area; Anasazi ceramics listed.
- Thomson, Charlotte
1976 Phase I Archeological Survey: Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Blackstone Canal mitigation recommended, Uxbridge, MA.
1977 Phase I Archeological Survey: Wilmington, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Mitigation survey, Wilmington, MA. Only historical resources known consisted of Middlesex Canal.
- Thorbann, Peter, Robert Paynter, and Thomas Ulrich
1975 Archeological and Historical Impact Statement: West Branch of the Westfield River Watershed. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Archaeological impact statement for west branch of Westfield River Watershed, MA.
- Tichy, Marjorie F.
1936 Observations on the Mission Uncovered at Puaray. El Palacio 41(11-13):63-66.
17th-18th century, Spanish colonial, mission, Puaray, Rio Grande Valley, NM. General discussion; mentions Spanish majolica found dating from 1581-1614.
1937 The Excavation of Paa-ko Ruin. El Palacio 42(19-21):106-119.
Prehistoric-16th century, contact, Native American and Spanish colonial, Paa-ko Ruin, NM. Very general account of excavation of ruin; probably extends to post-contact; no particular mention of European goods.
1938 The Kivas of Paa-ko and Kuaua. New Mexico Anthropology 2(5):71-80.
Prehistoric-17th century, post-contact, Native American kivas (Paa-ko and Kuaua), New Mexico. Summary of archaeological work; no discussion of Spanish colonial materials.
1939 The Archaeology of Puaray. El Palacio 46(7):145-163.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, village (pueblo), Rio Grande Valley, NM.
1944 Exploratory Work at Yuqueyunque. El Palacio 51(11):22-24.
Contact, Native American and Spanish colonial, mission (San Gabriel Yunque), Chama Valley, NM. Brief account of limited archaeological test at putative site of San Gabriel Yunque (founded in 1589 by Onate).
- Todd, A. C.
1970 Probing Arizona’s Industrial Past — The New Archaeology. Arizona Review 19(3):1-6.
Late 19th century, U. S., industrial sites, Arizona. Discusses status and potential for industrial archaeology in Arizona with special emphasis on mining; photographs of mills, mines, and furnaces.
- Tooker, Elizabeth and Marian E. White
1964 Archaeological Evidence for Seventeenth Century Iroquoian Dream Fulfillment Rituals. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 34(3-4):1-5.
17th century, Native American (Iroquois), burial (Kleis site), Hamburg, Erie County, NY. Describes “medicine” bundle found on a 17th century burial associated with Niagara frontier-Iroquois village and cemetery of ca. 1625; bundle contained 578 trade beads, miniature brass canoe, and 12 fruit stones for Bowl Game.
- Torrey, Howard
1946 Evidence of Typological Stratigraphy at Seth’s Swamp Site, Wellfleet, Mass. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 7(3):50-52.
Seth’s Swamp site, Wellfleet, MA. Discusses shell-tempered pottery associated with musket balls, gun flints and hand-wrought nails.
- Toulouse, Joseph H., Jr.
1937 Excavations at San Diego Mission, New Mexico. New Mexico Anthropology 2(1):16-18.
17th century, Native American and Spanish colonial, mission site (San Diego mission, near ruins of pueblo of Guisewa), Jemez Springs, NM. Investigations at former mission and monastery adjacent to ruins; objective was preservation and repair of mission in preparation for state monument status.
1938 The Mission of San Gregario de Abo. El Palacio 45(24-26):103-107.
1581-1680, contact, Native American (Pueblo) and Spanish colonial, mission (Mission of San Gregario de Abo), New Mexico. Very general discussion; includes fairly detailed mention of two pivot-type iron hinges.
1940 San Gregario de Abo Mission. El Palacio 47(3):49-58.
1540-1678, contact, Native American (Pueblo) and Spanish colonial, mission (Mission of San Gregario de Abo), New Mexico. Summary of mission history and archaeological work done.
1945 Early Water Systems at Gran Quivira National Monument. American Anthropologist 10(4):362-372.
Prehistoric-post-contact, Native American, village (pueblo), and Spanish colonial, Gran Quivira National Monument, NM. Discusses water system at site occupied well into Spanish colonial period.
1949 The Mission of San Gregorio de Abo: A Report on the Excavation and Repair of a 17th Century New Mexico Mission. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
17th century, Spanish colonial, Franciscan mission (Mission of San Gregorio de Abo), New Mexico. Discusses historical setting, climate, vegetation zones, excavation, architecture, ceramics, stratigraphy, artifacts, and dendrochronological record; appendices: Mexican majolica ware; notes on some organic remains (by Volney Jones); trait lists.
- Toulouse, Joseph H., Jr. and Robert L. Stephenson
1960 Excavations at Pueblo Pardo. Albuquerque: Museum of New Mexico.
Historic, Native American, pueblo (Pueblo Pardo), New Mexico.
- Toulouse, Julian H.
1970 High On the Hawg: Or How the Western Miner Lived as Told by Bottles He Left Behind. Historical Archaeology 4:59-69.
- Tovrea, J. H.
1936 Mission San Jose de Tumacacori Pictorial Restoration. Ms., National Park Service, Globe, AZ.
17th-18th century, Spanish colonial, mission (Mission San Jose de Tumacacori), southern Arizona. Restoration of mission (pulpit, altar, choir loft, vaulted roof, unfinished bell tower, facade); discusses original plans, restoration, records, and summary, with addenda (proposed museum). Same material in The Excavation of Father Kino’s Second Church and the Development of Missions in Pimeria Alta, 1937, Walter G. Attwell, Master’s thesis University of Arizona, Tucson.
- Townsend, Alex H.
1976 Historical and Archeological Determination, 7 Acre Parcel of Land of U. S. Forest Service, King of Prussia, Radnor Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Report to U. S. Forest Service from National Heritage Corporation, West Chester, PA.
1979 The Barns-Brinton House, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania: A Report of Archaeological Excavations Undertaken in 1978. Report to Chadds Ford Historical Society from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Treganza, Adan E.
1951 Old Lime Kilns Near Olema. In Geologic Guidebook of the San Francisco Bay Counties. State of California, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines, Bulletin 154:65-72. Sacramento.
1812, Russian, or 1817-1850, Spanish, kilns, Olema, San Francisco Bay area, CA. Includes history of kilns; presents status; describes.
1952 Archaeological Investigations in the Farmington Reservoir Area, Stanislaus County, CA. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 14:1-25.
Aboriginal, contact aspects, Farmington Reservoir area, Stanislaus County, CA. Survey; definition of Farmington complex.
1954 Fort Ross, a Study in Historical Archaeology. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.
1812-1841, Russian, trading post (Fort Ross), north of Bodega Bay, Mendocino County, California. Archaeological findings, summary and suggestions on reconstruction of fort stockade; appendix I contains account of Fort Ross in 1880 (by Alley Bowen), a Russian trading post established in 1812 by Ivan Kuskov, sold to John A. Sutter in 1841.
1954 Salvage Archaeology in Nimbus and Redbank Reservoir Areas, Central California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 26:1-39.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, central California. Survey; Nimbus Reservoir work unproductive, but Redbank data helped to fill in knowledge of northern Sacramento Valley.
1956 Sonoma Mission: An Archaeological Reconstruction of the Mission San Francisco de Salono Quadrangle. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, Kroeber Anthropological Society, Berkeley, and State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
1823-1850, Spanish colonial, Mexican mission (San Francisco de Salona), Sonoma, CA. Includes historical review, 1954 excavation, mission cemetery, and Native American village.
1957 The Examination of Indian Shellmounds within San Francisco Bay with Reference to the Possible 1579 Landfall of Sir Francis Drake. Vacaville, CA: Reporter Publishing Company. [Manuscript version in State of California, Division of Parks and Beaches, Manuscript Series, 1959].
Prehistoric-contact (possible British exploration), Native American, shellmounds, San Quentin-Tiburon area, California. Discusses brief history of possible Drake’s landing; excavation at site Mrn-80; tests at sites Mrn-78 and Mrn-255; examination of site Mrn-281.
1958 Archaeological Investigations at the William B. Ide Adobe, Red Bluff, California. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
19th century, U. S., house (William B. Ide Adobe), Spanish colonial-Mexican, now Red Bluff, CA.
1958 Archaeological Investigations of the Vallejo Adobe, Petaluma State Historical Monument. Ms. No. 5, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
19th century, Spanish colonial (Mexican period), house (Vallejo Adobe), Petaluma State Historical Monument, Petaluma, CA.
1958 Salvage Archaeology in the Trinity Reservoir Area, Northern California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 43:1-38.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Trinity Reservoir area, northern California. Survey; not very rich area; report summarizes all essential evidence on Native American occupation.
1959 Archaeological Investigations at the William B. Ide Adobe — Red Bluff, California. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
19th century, U. S., residence (William B. Ide Adobe), Red Bluff, CA. Ide was resident in Spanish colonial California in Mexican period.
1959 The Examination of Indian Shellmounds in the Tomales and Drakes Bay Area with Reference to the Possible 16th Century Historic Contacts. Ms. State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American and Spanish colonial, shellmounds, Tomales Bay and Drakes Bay area, Marin County, CA.
- Treganza, Adan E. and students
1950 Excavations at English Camp, San Juan Island, Washington. Ms., University of Washington, Seattle.
Pre-contact, Native American site, and 19th century, British, military camp (English Camp), San Juan Island, WA. Archaeological perspective of southern North Pacific coast; site survey of Garrison Bay and adjoining shorelines; stratigraphy of British colonial campsite; field notes cover excavation of Native American site and British military camp constructed during Pig War, the 1860-1872 border dispute between Britain and U. S. on San Juan Island; found: flaked stone projectile points, worked bone and antler artifacts, and design on incised bone; includes original field notes, student reports, etc.
- Treganza, Adan E., M. H. Heickson, and Wallace B. Woolfenden
1968 Archaeology of the Black Butte Reservoir Region, Glenn and Tehema Counties, California. San Francisco: San Francisco State College.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American (Nomlaki) sites, Stony Creek drainage, Black Butte Reservoir, Glenn and Tehema counties, north-central California. Reports survey and excavations emphasizing archaeological survey and use of power equipment in midden excavation; second section a detailed ethnohistorical investigation of prehistoric Nomlaki village site with U. S. and Native American contact phase.
- Troup, Charles, A. Barnes, and Norman F. Barka
1978 The Potts and Wilson Iron Forge/Foundry, Patowmack Canal, Virginia. Report, Southside Historical Sites, Williamsburg.
- Tuck, James A.
1971 Onondaga Iroquois Prehistory, a Study in Settlement Archaeology. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Prehistoric-18th century, Native American (Onondaga), settlement patterns, northern New York. Includes historical background; phases include: Castle Creek; Oak Hill; Chance; Garoga; Onondaga, (1600-1795); comparisons and conclusions; appendices include technique of ceramic analysis and smoking pipe varieties.
- Tunnell, Curtis D.
1966 A Description of Enameled Earthenware from an Archeological Excavation at Mission San Antonio de Valero (The Alamo). Austin: State Building Commission Archeological Program.
18th-19th century, Mexican ceramics (majolica), Mission San Antonio de Valero (The Alamo), TX. Sixteen styles of tin-enameled Mexican majolica described by number; styles related (as far as possible) to John M. Goggin’s styles that are given various place names; total of some 667 sherds permit some vessel shape definitions.
1975 Mission Conception. Washington: National Park Service.
18th century, Spanish colonial, mission (Mission Conception), San Antonio, TX. Preliminary report; summarizes conclusion of 1971-1972 excavations.
- Tunnell, Curtis D. and J. Richard Ambler
1967 Archaeological Excavations at Presidio San Agustin de Ahumada. Austin: State Building Commission Archeological Program.
18th century, Spanish colonial, military (Presidio San Agustin de Ahumada), town, TX. Limited salvage excavation; site (established in 1756 on 1754 French trading post, then abandoned in 1771) nearly destroyed by pipeline and gravel pit operations; obliterated by construction of Wallisville Reservoir. Historical documentation established and archaeological tests definitely located Presidio site and yielded representative artifacts.
- Tuohy, Donald R.
1958 Horseshoes and Handstones: The Meeting of History and Prehistory at the Old Mission of the Sacred Heart. Idaho Yesterdays 2(2):20-27.
19th-20th century, Native American (Coeur d’Alene) sites, and contact, Jesuit mission (Mission at the Sacred Heart of Jesus to the Coeur d’Alene Indians or Cataldo Mission), northern Idaho. Comparison of artifact types recovered from three sites of differing ages; surface seriation study utilizing trade goods of Old Cataldo Jesuit mission.
1959 An Archaeological Survey of Several Natural Gas Pipeline Laterals in Washington and Idaho. Tebiwa 2(1):l-8.
19th century, U. S., Jesuit mission near Cataldo, ID. Pipeline cut through part of grounds; small sample of bottle glass, crockery, and metal objects (horse shoe, ox shoe, chisel, door lock, square nails and unidentified cylindrical objects) are contact goods dating from mid-19th century to present.
1965 Salvage Excavations at City of Refuge National Historical Park, Honaunau, Kona, Hawaii. Ms., Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.
Prehistoric-19th century, contact, Native American (Hawaiian), religious center, Kona, HI. Artifact, burial descriptions; defines three phases of Hawaiian history, AD 1-1200 (Honaunau Phase); 1200-1778 (City of Refuge Phase); 1778-1900 (Cook Phase).
- Tuohy, Donald R. and Alan L. Byran
1959 Southwestern Washington Archaeology: An Appraisal. Tebiwa 2(1):27-58.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, Clark and Cowlitz counties, southwestern Washington and Cataldo, northern Idaho. Overview of archaeology; amateurs reported to have collected copper bangle and lead musket balls near site 45-Cl-55, on floodplain of Columbia River between Shillapoo Lake and Lake River, Clark County; Native American burials with brass rod, brass bracelets, phoenix buttons, thimbles, fragments of rolled copper, and Hudson’s Bay Company glass beads found at Greene site, Cowlitz County; also discusses observations made in course of pipeline cut through part of grounds of Sacred Heart Mission near Cataldo, ID. Collected samples of bottle glass, ceramics, and metal including horse shoe, ox shoe, chisel, door lock, and cut nails.
- Tyler, John
1904 Account of Excavations 1901 at Jamestown, Virginia Church, Conducted by John Tyler, Engineer, for the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 11(Jan.):322-327.
17th century, British colonial, church nave, Jamestown settlement, VA. Excavation and exploration of nave of church associated with standing tower; work by son of U. S. president (an engineer; services obtained by Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities).
- Tyler, John D.
1969 Industrial Archaeology and the Museum Curator. Museum News (Jan.).
Industrial Revolution, U. S. and Britain. Discusses industrial archaeology with relation to conservation and interpretation.
- Ulrich, Thomas
1977 Phase I/Reconnaissance Survey of Stony Brook Energy Center, Ludlow, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic, “tar” kiln, Westover Air Force Base, Stony Brook Energy Center, Ludlow, MA. Survey for power generating facility.
- Unger, Richard W.
1982 The Archaeology of Boats: Ships of the Vikings. Archaeology 35(3):20-27.
9th-10th century, Viking ship structure with reference to technology of transporting people and goods from Scandinavia to North America (Newfoundland); reviews historical and archaeological data; shipbuilding and data outlined.
- Vanderlaan, Stanley
1964 Tonawanda Village. Museum Service 37(2):24.
1770-1850, Native American, Tonawanda Village, PA. Brief account of objects found: butt plate, trigger guard, barrel, stock decorations, and gun flints; whetstones; copper and brass kettle fragments, thimbles; piece of silver-plated bell; items of pewter, lead, and iron; non-Indian ceramics; clay pipes.
- Vanderwal, Ronald
1962 Fort Michilimackinac: Dating Techniques. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Lansing, MI.
18th century, military fort (Fort Michilimackinac), Mackinac Island, MI. Discusses pipestem chronology and regimental buttons as dating criteria.
1962 Fort Michilimackinac: Glass and Ceramic Analysis – 1962 Season – Report No. 11. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Lansing, Michigan.
1715-1780, French colonial and British colonial, frontier fort (Fort Michilimackinac), Mackinaw City, Straits of Mackinac, MI. Analysis of glass and ceramics found; artifact lists.
- Van Stone, James W.
1965 Archaeological Excavations at Tikchik, a Nineteenth Century Settlement in Southwestern Alaska. Ms., National Park Service, Western Region, San Francisco.
1820-1900, Native American, island occupation, Nushagak River region, southwestern, Alaska. Largest and most important inland community in region; summary of initial excavation: 10 house pits, 2 large kashgees (ceremonial houses) tested; 2500 artifacts obtained, indicating acculturation; part of River Basin Survey. Ten houses, two ceremonial houses tested; 2900 artifacts obtained; largest island community in region.
- Van Stone, James W. and Joan B. Townsend
1970 Kijik: An Historic Tanaina Indian Settlement. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.
19th-early 20th century, Native American (Tanaina), Kijik village, Lake Clark, Iliamna, southwestern Alaska. Excavation report; contains descriptions of historic artifacts; discusses influence of Russian and American trade on Native culture; largest collection of trade goods excavated in Alaska.
- Vickers, Chris
1949 Pine Fort on the Assiniboine River. Canadian Historical Review 30(1):66-68.
1768-1807, British colonial, frontier fort (Pine Fort), Manitoba. Attempts to verify fort’s location; brief excavations.
- Vivian, Gordon
1939 The Excavations of Bandelier’s Puaray. El Palacio 37(19-20):153-159.
16th century, contact, Native American (Pueblo) and Spanish colonial, NM. Sketchy report of excavation done on this Rio Grande pueblo site; mentions 16th-century Spanish olive jars and Mexican majolica.
1964 Excavations in a 17th Century Jumano Pueblo, Gran Quivira, New Mexico. Washington: National Park Service.
17th century, Native American (Jumano Pueblo) and 18th century, Spanish colonial, mission (San Buenaventura de los Jumanos), Gran Quivira, New Mexico. Historical background and excavation (House A, Kiva D, Chapel of San Isidro); artifacts, faunal remains; appendix on artifacts (by Sallie Van Valkenburgh).
- Vivian, R. Gwinn
1965 An Archaeological Survey of the Lower Gila River, Arizona. Kiva 30(4):95-146.
Discusses by site archaeological ruins located during survey; Anglo-American sites discussed separately, along with material culture remains collected (bottles; non-Indian pottery; metallic cartridges; historic Papago and Pima wares; clay pipes; miscellaneous metal objects); clay pipes and some Minton china in some photographs.
- Vogt, Evon Z.
1922 El Morro National Monument. El Palacio 12(12):161-168.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American and Spanish colonial site, New Mexico. Excavation of sand from cove (15 ft. down to bedrock); yielded few bits of Spanish colonial “dishes” in addition to Native American materials.
- Volk, Ernest
1911 The Archaeology of the Delaware Valley. Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Papers 5.
Contact, Native American, burials, Delaware River valley, Trenton, NJ. Excavation in 1890s; trade goods discussed (gunflint, copper bells from child’s grave, glass beads, and Dutch clay pipe in flexed burial); account is part excavation summaries, part day books.
- Voll, Charles B. and Robert Richert
1962 Archeological Tests in San Buenaventura de los Jumanos, Gran Quivira National Monument, New Mexico. Ms., National Park Service, Globe, AZ.
18th century, Spanish colonial, mission (San Buenaventura de los Jumanos), Socoro County, NM. Archaeological tests in nave, sacristy, and garth.
- Von der Porten, Edward P.
1965 Drake’s Bay Shell Mound Archaeology 1951-1962 (parts 1-2). Ms., The Drake Navigators’ Guild, Santa Rosa, California.
Contact, Native American, shell mound sites, Drake’s Bay, Marin County, CA. Excavation by group of amateurs from Santa Rosa Junior College and the Drake Navigators Guild.
1965 Drake-Cermeno: An Analysis of Artifacts. Point Reyes, California: The Drake Navigators’ Guild.
Materials, sites (dated to 1579 and 1595) related to Spanish and British vessels, Drake’s Bay, CA. Vessels either merchant or explorer; includes Native American sites where materials were used; materials discussed include: plate of brass; Ming porcelain; iron spikes and bolts; terra cotta bowls, other ceramics; wax, and wool; illustrations include sketches of bolts, cross-sections of vessels, map of site locations.
1968 The Porcelains and Terra Cottas of Drakes Bay. Ms., The Drakes Navigators’ Guild, San Francisco.
Late 16th century, contact, Native American and Spanish colonial, British exploration, middens, Drake’s Bay, Point Reyes, CA. Analysis of Asian trade ceramics recovered from Native American middens on Limantour Spit; ascribed variously to Sir Francis Drake or the wrecked Manila galleon, San Augustin; concludes ceramics (distributed almost entirely in sites on spit) probably from galleon; number of non-ceramic artifacts of European origin found at site Mrn-235, on Drakes Estero (author feels these support other evidence pointing to site as location of Drake’s camp and careenage); vessel sections and decorations included in illustrations.
- Wahlke, William and John Woodward
1975 The Bottles from Baker’s: The Night Before and the Day After. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):148-155.
Ca. 1856-1910, Horace Baker homesite, rural Oregon. Alcoholic beverages and patent medicine bottles scattered on ground in sheet trash about cabin indicate lifestyle of occupant; major artifacts include booze and nostrum bottles. Alcoholic content bottles are subject to casual disposal in close proximity to use.
- Walker, Edwin F.
1957 Excavations of a Yokuts Indian Cemetery. Bakersfield: Kern County Historical Society and Kern County Chamber of Commerce.
Historic, Native American (Yokuts), cemetery, Kern County, CA. Burial custom observations; notes on artifacts.
- Walker, Ian C.
1963 Preliminary Report: Excavation at King’s Bastion, Fortress of Louisbourg, Sept. to Dec., 1962. Ms., Fortress of Louisbourg, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.
1717-1758, French colonial, fortification (Fortress of Louisbourg), Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Excavation at King’s Bastion; fort occupied by British in 1770s.
1964 Archaeological Report on the North Half of the Chateau, Fortress of Louisbourg, N. S. Ms., Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.
1719-1758, French colonial fortification (Fortress of Louisbourg), Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. First volume includes description of north half of chateau (the major building), room by room, wall by wall; second volume includes illustrations and section drawings; third contains mosaics and “as found” wall elevations; appendix on cut stone.
1966 A Pipemaker’s Mark from Gouda, the Netherlands — Then and Now. American Anthropologist 31(5):747-748.
18th century, Dutch-manufactured pipes, French colonial fort (Fortress of Louisbourg), Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Mark, presently used (1966) by firm of Dutch pipemakers found in mid-18th century context during 1966 archaeological investigations.
1971 An Archaeological Study of Clay Pipes from the King’s Bastion, Fortress of Louisbourg. Canadian Historic Sites 2:56-122.
18th century, French colonial, fort (Fortress of Louisbourg), Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Major article on pipe analysis; discusses pipe-making, marks, excavation procedures, and methods of identification; analytical discussion of types found; excellent photographs (many details of pipes and markings).
1977 Clay Tobacco Pipes, Particular Reference to the Bristol Industry. Parks Canada, History and Archaeology, No. 11a,b,c,d. Ottawa.
Four volume magnum opus on clay pipes, their characteristics, and makers.
- Wallace, Edith S. Taylor
1958 A Photographic Record of the Archaeological Investigations at the Hugo Reid Adobe, Arcadi, California. Ms. No. 75, State of California Library, Sacramento.
19th century, adobe house (Hugo Reid Adobe), Arcadi, near Los Angeles, CA. Reid was an Anglo-American settler.
- Wallace, William J.
1958 Archaeological Excavation in the “Patio” of the Hugo Reid Adobe. Ms. No. 9, State of California Library, Sacramento.
1830+, Anglo-Spanish, residence (Hugo Reid Adobe), Arcadi, near Los Angeles, CA. Summary of excavations of residence built originally in Mexican territory.
1960 Archaeological Excavations at Los Encinos State Historical Monument. Ms. No. 103, State of California Library, Sacramento.
1849-1872, Hispanic settlement (Los Encinos), near Encino, CA.
1962 Los Encinos State Historical Monument: The Archaeological Record. Journal of the West 1(1-2):170-192.
1849-1872, Hispanic settlement (Los Encinos), near Encino, CA.
1964 An Archaeological Survey of the Southern California Edison Company Power Line in Death Valley National Monument: Part III: Grapevine Canyon. Ms., Long Beach State College, Long Beach, CA.
Mid-19th century, mining camp sites, Death Valley, CA. Artifacts include commercially made articles mixed with aboriginal material: glass (both beads and bottle glass), porcelain buttons, metal objects (square nails, overalls buckle), fork, knife, tin can.
- Wallace, William J. and Edith S. Taylor Wallace
1958 Indian Artifacts from the Hugo Reid Adobe. Ms. No. 10, State of California, Division of Parks and Beaches, Sacramento.
Ca. 1839, Anglo-Mexican, Native American artifacts from Hugo Reid Adobe, San Gabriel Mission, Arcadi, near Los Angeles, CA. Includes early history of adobe; excavations.
- Walter, Paul A. F.
1914 El Palacio Real. Old Santa Fe 1(3):333-334.
1916 The Cities That Died of Fear. El Palacio 3(4):13-73.
16th-17th century, contact, Native American, villages (pueblo) and Spanish colonial, New Mexico. General discussion of histories and physical descriptions of so-called “Saline Pueblos”: Abo, Quarai, Tabira (Gran Quivira), Chilili, Tajique, and Tenabo; mentions find of wooden crucifix in shaft at Tabira.
- Ward, Jeanne A. and John P. McCarthy
1990 An Archeological Evaluation of a Portion of the Site of the Former Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Department of Facilities Planning, University of Pennsylvania, from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Warfel, Steven G.
1985 Archaeological Testing and Monitoring Report: Graeme Park, 36 MG 167. Report, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.
- Wasley, William W.
1961 Historic Site Archaeology. Arizoniana 2(1):11-12.
Discusses scope and meaning of historical archaeology, including brief review of such work conducted in Arizona; no illustrations.
- Watkins, C. Malcolm
1960 North Devon Pottery and Its Export to America in the 17th Century. United States National Museum Bulletin 225:17-59. Washington.
17th-18th century, North Devon ware, Angelica Knoll, Calvert County, on Chesapeake Bay, MD. Short notice of find at small settlement or plantation, dated by associated artifacts from late 17th century to 1765 (excavated by R. A. Elder, Jr.); North Devon pottery types also reported found at Kent Island, Queen Anne County, MD (material dating to late 17th or early 18th century).
1968 The Cultural History of Marlborough, Virginia. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
17th-18th century, British colonial, port town, Marlborough, Stafford County, Tidewater Virginia. Archaeological and historical investigation of port town for Stafford County and plantation of John Mercer; appendices of documentary sources by Frank M. Setzler and Oscar H. Darter.
- Watkins, C. Malcolm and Ivor Noël Hume
1967 The Poor Potter of Yorktown. United States National Museum Bulletin 249:73-112.
17th century, British colonial, ceramic manufacturing, Yorktown, VA. Brown stoneware and coarse earthenware manufactured ca. 1725-1740 by William Rogers; includes plates of pottery forms.
- Watson, Editha Latta
1927 Some New Mexico Ruins. El Palacio 23(7-8):174-234.
Grant and Catron counties, NM. Brief descriptions of many unidentified sites.
1959 Oneota Sites on the Upper Iowa River. The Missouri Archaeologist 21(2-4).
Pre-1600, Native American (Oneota), Minnesota and Missouri. Sites associated with the appearance of Oneota.
- Watt, Frank H.
1938 Descriptive Analysis of Glass Indian Trade Beads Found in Central Texas. Central Texas Archeologist 3:61-67.
- Watt, Frank H. and W. P. Meroney
1938 Glass Indian Trade Beads in Central Texas: A Listing of Trade Beads Found in a Number of Sites. Central Texas Archeology 3:52-59.
- Webb, William S. and W. Funkhouser
1932 Archaeological Survey of Kentucky. Lexington: Department of Anthropology, University of Kentucky.
- Weber, Carmen A.
1988 Interim Report: An Exploration of Philadelphia’s Early Waterfront through the Hertz Lot Excavation. Report, Philadelphia Historical Commission, Philadelphia.
1988 A Phase I Archaeological Investigation of the Site of the Franklin Institute Futures Center. Report to Franklin Institute, Philadelphia.
- Webster, Richard J.
1966 Historical and Archaeological Report of Lafayette Kitchen Excavation, Valley Forge, Pa., August 1965 [pp. 1-57]. Report, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
- Wedel, Waldo R.
1936 Introduction to Pawnee Archeology. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 112:1-122. Washington.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Pawnee), Nebraska. Study; uses direct historical approach, starting with historic sites and working back; describes each site, then discusses Pawnee material culture by categories.
1938 Direct Historical Approach in Pawnee Archeology. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 97(7). Washington.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Pawnee), Nebraska. Study; starts with present-day Pawnee and works back to probable ancestors (the Lower Loup Focus peoples); exercise in direct historical approach, utilizing both historical documents and archaeological evidence.
1942 Archaeological Remains in Central Kansas and Their Possible Bearing on Quivira. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 101(7). Washington.
16th century, Spanish, explorations, Kansas. Discusses Coronado and Onate expeditions to Kansas plains; states that Coronado visited sites in McPerson and Rice counties, and Onate visited near Walnut River near present Arkansas City.
1955 Archaeological Materials from the Vicinity of Mobridge, South Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 45; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 157:69-188. Washington.
Native American, burials, Mobridge (area), South Dakota. Excavation report; four sites; artifacts from all sites are combined, discussed by categories.
1959 An Introduction to Kansas Archeology: El Quartelejo (14SC1), Ruined 7-Room Stone Structure in Scott County, Kansas. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 174:424-468. Washington.
Ca. 1696-1719, Native American, masonry “puebloan” structure (El Quartelejo), Scott County, KS. Probably site of residence of Native Americans from Picuris, NM; now a state park. Differs from A. B. Thomas (1935) who places settlement in eastern Colorado. 1899 excavation by Martin and others; 1940 excavation by Wedel.
- Wedel, Waldo R. and A. T. Hill
1936 Excavations at the Leary Indian Village and Burial Site, Richardson County, Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine 17(1):2-73.
18th century, Native American, village and burial site (Leary Indian Village), Richardson County, NE.
- Weld, Willi and Ted Weld
1962 Fountain Bar, a Site on the Columbia River in South Central Washington. Washington Archaeologist 4(1):3-21.
Prehistoric 19th century Native American, village, southcentral Washington. Both Native and non-Native artifacts recovered; site mentioned in journals of Lewis and Clark and David Thompson.
- Weltfish, Gene
1932 Problems in the Study of Ancient and Modern Basket Makers. American Anthropologist 34(1):108-117.
- Wendorf, Fred
1952 Excavations at Cuyamungue. El Palacio 59(8):265-266.
Prehistoric-18th century, Native American, village (pueblo), New Mexico. General discussion of archaeology; mentions metal knives, awls, large fragment of bell, and bones of cattle, sheep, horse, and donkey.
- Wertenbaker, Thomas J.
1953 Archaeology of Colonial Williamsburg. American Philosophical Society, Proceedings 97(1):44-50.
18th-19th century, town (Williamsburg), VA. Appreciation by an historian of value of contribution of archaeological investigations to historical documentation.
- Weslager, C. A.
1952 Field Work. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 5(1):1.
18th century, British colonial, house (home of John Dickinson), south of Dover, DE. Excavation summary; Dickinson a Revolutionary figure; site acquired by state as memorial.
1952 Log Structures in New Sweden during the 17th Century. Delaware History 5(2):77-95.
17th century, log structures, Delaware. Comparison of Swedish construction with English and Dutch colonial buildings; thesis is that log construction introduced into New World by Swedes and Finns, beginning on Delaware River in 1638; lists, brief discussion of documented structures.
1953 The Excavation of a Colonial Log Cabin near Wilmington, Delaware. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 12.
Post-1750, British colonial, log cabin foundation, near Wilmington, Delaware. Site excavated (1951-1952) by amateur group under author’s direction, after removal of structure to museum at Dover. Cabin dated post-1750, but alleged to display Scandinavian influence in construction.
1954 The Excavation of a Colonial Log Cabin near Wilmington, Delaware. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 6(1):15-25.
18th century, possibly British colonial, log house, near Wilmington, DE. Report of 1951-1952 excavation of log cabin; original construction (dated to ca. 1750) concealed by clapboard; log walls bore traces of 55 plaster coatings; abandoned ca. 1920; parts removed to Dover State Museum; large number of finds itemized, date-ranged where known. Two other log buildings known to have stood nearby, now disappeared.
- Weslager, C. A., editor
1941 Museum Inventories of Delaware Artifacts.
Descriptive list of Native American artifacts originating in Delaware. Subsequent display or storage at: Peabody Museum (Harvard University, Cambridge, MA), the University Museum (Philadelphia), the Museum of the American Indian, New York the American Museum of Natural History New York, the Smithsonian Institution (Washington) and the Bucks County Historical Society (Doylestown, PA). Of special interest is iron tomahawk from shell heap at Cape Henlopen (presented by H. R. Bennett to the Peabody (documented in Annual Report of the Peabody Museum No. 15, 1882). Largest collection of Native American artifacts from Delaware housed at Archaeological Society of Delaware.
- Wheeler, Richard P.
1949 Preliminary Appraisal of the Archaeological Resources of Onion Flat, Soral Creek, and Raft Lake Reservoirs: Big Horn River Basin, Freemont County, Wyoming.. Smithsonian Institution, River Basin Surveys, Missouri Valley Project, Lincoln.
Native American sites, Big Horn River basin, WY. Survey; no sites discovered in Soral Creek and Raft Lake; one shallow campsite located in Onion Flat.
- White, Harry Hall
1934-35 The Story of the Mantua Glass Works. Antiques 26 (Dec.):212-216; 27 (Feb.):64; 68; 28 (July):30-33; 28 (Nov.):199-203.
Early 19th century glass making, Mantua Glass Works, New Jersey. Excavation provided specific data of provenience of glass from factory; early example of industrial archaeology.
- White, Marion E.
1958 Dating the Niagara Frontier Iroquois Sequence. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 14:4-9.
Post-contact, Native American (Iroquois), Greenlake and Goodyear sites, NY. Niagara frontier sites dealt with briefly.
1958 An Iroquois Sequence in New York’s Niagara Frontier. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 28(3-4):145-151.
Prehistoric-Historic Native American (Iroquois), site chronology, Niagara frontier, western New York. Seven sites, including post-contact Goodyear and Greenlake sites, arranged in chronological order by applying seriation techniques to pottery, pipes and projectile points.
1960 Iroquois Culture History in the Niagara Frontier Area of New York State. Ann Arbor: Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan.
17th-19th century Native American (Iroquois), culture history, Niagara frontier, western New York. Seven sites; statistical techniques utilized in comparing data on pottery vessels, pipes, projectile points, and settlement patterns.
1967 An Early Historic Niagara Frontier Iroquois Cemetery in Erie County, New York: Archaeology and Physical Anthropology of the Kleis Site. Rochester: New York State Archaeological Association.
Early 17th century, Native American (Iroquois), cemetery (Kleis site), Erie County, NY. Appendices include: description of features (by William S. Cornwell and Aubrey J. Sublett), skeletal analysis (by Barrie Gillings and Donald Beck), observations on human teeth (by Joyce Sirianni); also dentition (anomalies and population pathology) and pottery vessels.
- White, Stephen W.
1975 Gunflints: Their Possible Significance for the Northwest. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):51-69.
Chiefly 19th century, frontier military equipment (gunflints), Pacific Northwest. Discusses equipment derivations (European origin) of gunflints, characteristics, and associations.
- Willey, Gordon R.
1949 Archeology of the Florida Gulf Coast. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 113.
Pre-historic, Native American, Gulf Coast, FL. Studies; mentions contact-period sites.
1954 Burial Patterns in the Burns and Fuller Mounds, Cape Canaveral, Florida. Florida Anthropologist 7(3):79-90.
16th-17th century, contact, Native American, burials (Burns and Fuller mounds), Cape Canaveral, Florida. 16th century European materials located at Burns; 17th century goods at Fuller. Mound A. Fuller Mound D falls somewhere between these.
- Willey, Gordon R. and Richard B. Woodbury
1942 A Chronological Outline for the Northwest Florida Coast. American Antiquity 7(3):232-254.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American, culture sequence, northwest coast, Florida. During Fort Walton period, European trade goods begin to appear; some sites show metal and glass beads, others do not; aboriginal culture not yet broken and missions not reached peak effectiveness.
- Willia, W.
1857 Coins Found on Richmond Island. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 3:183-188.
17th-18th century, British colonial, coins, Richmond Island, MA. Early historical reference to find of archaeological nature in New England.
- William, L. A.
1953 Digging for History at Drake’s Bay. Pacific History 6(4).
16th-17th century, Drake’s Bay, CA. Early contact sought.
- Williams, Stephen
1966 Historic Archaeology, Past and Present. Archaeological Institute of America, School of American Research, Annual Report, 23-29. Santa Fe:
Discusses historical archaeology in introduction, development of field, personal research, contributions, history and anthropology, current status, and summary.
1966 Historic Archaeology, Past and Present. Archaeological Institute of America, School of American Research, Annual Report, 23-24. Santa Fe.
1967 On the Location of the Historic Taernsa Villages. The Conference on Historic Site Archaeology, Papers 1965-1966, 1:2-13. Columbia, SC.
- Williams, Talcott
1896 The Surroundings and Site of Raleigh’s Colony. American Historical Association — Annual Report for 1895, 45-61.
16th century, British colonial, settlement attempt (Raleigh’s Colony), Roanoke Island, NC. Discusses possibly British or possibly Native American materials; report of excavations (1895) at supposed site of “Fort Raleigh” and mound containing twelve skeletons ca. one mile away; records of work supposedly at Roanoke Colony Memorial Association, but present whereabouts unknown. (Jean C. Harrington 1962).
- Willoughby, Charles C.
1924 Indian Burial Place at Winthrop, Massachusetts. Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Papers 11(1):1-37. Cambridge.
Ca. 1700, contact, Native American, burials, near Winthrop, MA. Burials attributed to Massachusetts Native American having contact with late 16th and early 17th century fishing fleets.
- Wilson, A. E.
1965 Report on Resistivity Surveys at Signal Hill, St. John’s, Newfoundland; Castle Hill, Placentia, Newfoundland; and Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. Ms., Parks Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
17th-19th century, French colonial, British colonial, and Canadian military, New Foundland and Nova Scotia. Mostly concerned with success of resistivity tests than with analysis of sites themselves.
- Wilson, Kenneth M.
1963 The Glastenbury Glass Factory Company. Journal of Glass Studies 5:116-132.
Early Federal period, The Glastenbury Glass Factory, Glastenbury, Connecticut. 1962 salvage excavation along realignment of Hartford-New London Turnpike.
- Wilson, Norman L. and Jack R. Dyson
1962 Archaeological Survey in the Gerle Creek Diversion Dam Area, El Dorado County, California. Ms. No. 175, State of California, Division of Parks and Beaches, Sacramento.
Native American sites, Gerle Creek area, El Dorado County, CA. Survey.
- Wilson Rex L.
1959 Evidence in Empty Bottles. El Palacio 66(4):120-130.
1961 Clay Tobacco pipes from Fort Laramie. Wyoming Historical Department, Annals of Wyoming. Cheyenne.
19th century, clay pipes, fort (Laramie), WY. Traces pipe types to manufacture; methods; sale during period.
1965 Archaeology and Everyday Life at Fort Union. New Mexico Historical Review 40(1):55-64.
1851-1891, U. S. military fort (Fort Union), NM. Fort on Santa Fe trail; details in summary form archaeological verification of mapped locations of structures at fort; mentions artifacts associated with life there; not detailed archaeological report but commentary (especially on evidence of sanitary disposal in colonial sites as contrasted and compared with Fort Union).
1966 Tobacco Pipes from Fort Union, New Mexico. El Palacio 73(1):32-40.
19th century, clay tobacco pipes, New Mexico. Describes tobacco pipes of clay associated with Fort Union, U. S. military fort.
- Wintemberg, W. J.
1942 The Geographical Distribution of Aboriginal Pottery in Canada. American Anthropologist 8(2):129-141.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Iroquois), ceramics, Ontario and Quebec. Discusses distribution of post-contact Native American ceramics.
1946 The Sidney MacKay Village Site. American Antiquity 2(3):154-182.
17th century, contact, Native American, Sidney MacKay Village site, Simcoe County, Ontario. Probably Tionontate of early historic period.
- Winterbourne, John W.
1938 Report on the Excavation of the Griset Site. Ms., National Park Service and Works Projects Administration, San Francisco.
Early 19th century, Spanish colonial, rancheria (the Griset site), near Santa Ana, CA. History of Griset site (the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana); includes daily notes, maps, and charts, artifacts, scale drawings of artifacts; report covers activities of field crew from 21 January 1938 to 8 March 1938; is complete record of excavation of early mission period rancheria.
- Wish, H. B.
1951 Hidden Springs, San Diego County Archaeological Reconnaissance. Ms. No. 227, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, near Hidden Springs, San Diego County, CA. Site survey.
- Withers, Arnold M.
1949 Preliminary Survey of the Archaeological Resources of the Blue River — South Platte Project, CO. Missouri Valley Project, River Basin Surveys 44:26.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (mostly Ute?), along Blue River, CO. Eight reservoir sites surveyed in Colorado Rockies; most presumed Ute; few definite archaeological sites noted.
- Witthoft, John
1951 The Chewed Bullet. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 21(3-4):60-61.
1951 Iroquois Archaeology at Mid-century. American Philosophical Society, Proceedings 95(3):311-321. Philadelphia.
Historic, Native American (Iroquois), eastern North America. Importance and relationship of many Five-Nation — Huron area historic sites to prehistoric period; work in line with objectives of Sixth Conference on Iroquois Research (1950).
1951 The Pemberton Family Cemetery. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 21(1-2):21-32.
Ca. 1682-1702, Native American, burial, in British colonial family cemetery, Pennsylvania. Native American internment in Harrison-Pemberton cemetery included grave goods, silver buckles, wampum, and other articles.
1951 Pottery of the West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna River. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 10:7-8.
Early contact, Native American (Andaste-Susquehannock), ceramics, Pennsylvania. The Quiggle site and various camp sites represent early contact period Andaste-Susquehannock occupation in West Branch area.
1959 Ancestry of the Susquehannocks. In Susquehannock Miscellany, pp. 19-62. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.
Prehistoric-post-contact, Native American (Susquehannock), Susquehanna River, and Shultz site, Lancaster County, PA. Origin of Susquehannocks traced to north branch of river; post-contact Shultz site, Lancaster County, discussed in detail.
1966 Archaeology As a Key to the Colonial Fur Trade. Minnesota History 40(4):203-209.
17th-19th century, colonial fur trade, northeastern U. S. Type artifacts associated with areas and Native American tribes.
- Witthoft, John and S. S. Farver
1952 Two Shenks Ferry Sites in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 22(1):3-32.
Post-contact, Native American, Shenks Ferry sites, Lebanon County, PA. Preliminary analysis of Miller and Indiantown Gap historical components.
- Witthoft, John W., Fred Kinsey, III, and Charles H. Holzinger
1959 A Susquehannock Cemetery: The Ibaugh Site. In Susquehannock Miscellany, pp. 99-119. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania History and Museum Commission.
Ca. 1600-1625, Native American, burials (Ibaugh site), Lancaster County, PA. Discusses excavation of cemetery; includes location, description, burials, physical anthropology, grave goods, earlier occupation of site, European trade goods, conclusions, and interpretations.
- Wittkofski, J. Mark
1981 A Proposal for a County Survey in King and Queen County, Virginia. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
Suggestions for setting up local archaeology program in rural county in Virginia; includes theory, public archaeology.
Wittkofski, J. Mark, Martha W. McCartney, and Beverly A. Bogley
1979 An Archaeological and Historical Survey of the Cultural Resources at Newtown, Norfolk, Virginia. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg, VA.
1980 Archeological Test Excavations at Newtown, Norfolk, Virginia. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 35(2):249-71.
1740-1790, Newtown (port town), now within Norfolk, VA. Discusses 11 historical sites tested archaeologically; early urban, associated with Virginia settlement; house foundation traces (major features); 18th century ceramic artifacts discussed.
- Wittry, Warren L.
1963 The Bell Site. Wisconsin Archaeologist 44(1):1-58.
1680-1730, Native American (Fox), village, Big Lake Butt des Morts, Winnebago County, WI. Part I: archaeology (palisade, refuse pits, burials, dwellings, bone and antler artifacts, ceramics, chipped stone artifacts, ground and polished stone artifacts, glass, lead, shell, pipes); Part II: ethnohistory (location, bear ceremonialism, dog sacrifice, trait list, acculturation, contact with other Native American groups, seriation of selected features and artifacts, temporal change); study of evidence of acculturation.
- Wood, Alice
1966 Looking for Gilbert Berry’s Property. Museum Service 39(3-4):43-45.
1800-1830, U. S. tavern (the Gilbert Berry tavern), near Avon, western NY. Documentary evidence for tavern area; appendix includes reference to deeds in Livingston County courthouse. See Charles F Hayes (1966).
- Wood, Raymond W.
1971 Biesterfeldt: A Post-contact Site on the Northeastern Plains. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
1750-1790, post-contact, Native American (Cheyenne?), village site, Sheyenne River, eastern North Dakota. Discusses environmental setting, site description, fieldwork (fortification system, houses, exterior pits, refuse-littered depressions); artifacts (ceramics, chipped stone, ground stone, worked bone, worked shell, trade goods, etc.); The Biesterfeldt component, Cheyenne ethnohistory, summary and conclusions; appendix on factor analysis of artifacts.
- Woodward, Arthur
1952 Some Notes on Gun Flints. Military Collector and Historian 3(2):29-36.
18th-19th century, gun flints, British manufacture for American market; includes production data with chart of gun flints for specific arms and strike-a-light, with measurements.
1958 Fort Union, New Mexico — Guardian of the Santa Fe Trail, with Appendices. Ms., National Park Service, Sante Fe, NM.
1851-1891, U. S. military fort (Fort Union NM), on Santa Fe Trail, NM.
1959 Indian Trade Goods. Screenings 8-9.
18th-19th century, general European and U. S. trade goods, Northwest Coast and Plateau, Pacific Northwest. Extensive discussion of trade goods and some ethnohistory.
- Woolfenden, Wallace B.
1969 A Study of 4-Glenn-10: The Brownell Indian Cemetery (Part 2). Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco, and San Francisco State College Anthropology Museum.
Prehistoric-historic, contact, Native American (particularly Nomlaki), north-central California. Studies; particularly Nomlaki contact (1849-1900), Black Butte Reservoir, Stony Creek drainage, eastern foothills of coastal ranges; extensive descriptions of contact material culture.
- Woolworth, Alan R. and Raymond W. Wood
1960 The Archeology of a Small Trading Post (Kipp’s Post, 32, MN1) in Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 20; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:239-306. Washington.
Early 19th century, trading post (Kipp’s Post), Missouri River basin, near mouth of Yellowstone River, ND. Columbia Fur Company post; detailed descriptive and analytical archaeological report.
- Worman, F. C. V.
1966 The Current Status of Archaeology at the Nevada Test Site and the Nuclear Rocket Development Station. Ms., Atomic Energy Commission. Los Alamos, New Mexico, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory of the University of California, Berkeley.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, U. S. Atomic Energy Commission’s Nevada Test Site and Nuclear Rocket Development Station, Nevada. Site survey; descriptions of Cane Springs, Rodgers rockshelter, Rainier rockshelter, Wahmonie and Horn silver mine.
- Wray, Charles F.
1950 The Adams Site: An Early Historic Seneca Site in Western New York. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 9:10.
Mid-16th century, early historic, Native American (Seneca), the Adams site, western New York.
1954 Index Traits of the Historic Seneca: 1550-1687. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 13:6.
16th-17th century, post-contact, Native American (Seneca), western New York Seven recognized periods of post-contact Seneca sequence tabulated with Native and European artifacts that characterize the periods
1956 Archaeological Evidence of the Mask among the Seneca. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 7:7-8.
Early historic, Native American (Seneca), mask, western New York. Evidence for Seneca’s familiarity with certain forms of the mask in early historic period is suggested by archaeological materials.
1963 Ornamental Hair Combs of the Seneca Iroquois. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 33(1-2):35-50.
Prehistoric-17th century, Native American (Seneca), ornament, western New York. The haircomb, traceable to Late Archaic, seen in archaeological perspective from Frontenac Island site (1000 BC), Cayuga County, to its late-17th century elaboration; introduction of iron tools through European trade led to changes in comb style and peak of elaboration in last half of 17th century; terminology and ornamental elements of combs illustrated.
- Wray, Charles F. and Robert Graham
1960 New Discoveries on an Old Site: The Bunce Site. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 18:1-4.
Ca. 1640-1675, Native American (Seneca), burial (Bunce site), western New York.
- Wray, Charles F. and H. L. Schoff
1953 A Preliminary Report on the Seneca Sequence in Western New York, 1550-1687. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 23(2):53-64.
1550-1687, post-contact, Native American (Seneca), culture sequence, western New York. Outline of seven recognized periods in post-contact Seneca history prior to 1687.
- Wright, Gordon K.
1963 The Neutral Indians — A Source Book. Rochester: New York State Archaeological Association.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Neutrals), upstate New York and Canada. Brief chapter on Canadian Neutrals in 17th-18th century included in general history and assessment of Neutrals.
- Wright, Gordon K. and William A. Ritchie
1951 The Long Point Site. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 20(3-4):75-87.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, Long Point site, New York. Analysis; shows evidence of occupation by all known archaeological cultures in New York, terminating with historic Seneca and Cayuga.
- Yates, Catherine
1975 Archeological Investigation at Fort Griffin. Washington: National Park Service.
1867-1881, U. S. military fort (Fort Griffin), western Texas. Describes excavations in officer’s quarters and hospital.
- Yentsch, Anne E.
1981 Phase II Archaeological Survey of the Reconstruction of Rt. 104, North Smithfield, Rhode Island. Cambridge: Institute for Conservation Archaeology, Peabody Museum.
18th-19th century, Anglo-American, settlement pattern, Smithfield, Rhode Island. Survey of Route 104; discusses inheritance, domestic, and industrial sites; includes a contribution by Russell J. Barber.
- Yentsch, Anne E. and Mary C. Beaudry, editors
1992 The Art and Mystery of Historical Archaeology, Essays in Honor of James Deetz. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Includes aspects of historical archaeology written by practicing archaeologists, some the students of Deetz.
- Yonge, Samuel H.
1936 The Site of Old “James Towne,” 1607-1698. Richmond: Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities.
Account of ground investigation by Col. Yonge (U. S. Army Corps of Engineers) in 1903; resulted in construction of seawall protecting Church Point from headward erosion; revealed row house associated with third and fourth statehouses.
- Young, William
1976 Archeological Survey Project Report: South Hadley Sewage Project, Federal Project No. C50-298-01. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Mitigation report on South Hadley Sewage Project, Massachusetts.
- Zingg, Robert M.
1940 Report on the Archaeology of Southern Chihuahua, III. Denver: University of Denver.
Prehistoric-historic, native American, Chihuahua, MX. Site survey; a Basket-Maker cave site, 47 Cave Dweller Phase sites (apparently subsequent to Basket-Maker, though no stratification found); continuity (slow change from Basket-Maker to Cave-Dweller to modern Tarahumara).