John L. Cotter 1998
- MacCord, Howard A., Sr.
1964 The Falling Creek Ironworks Site, Chesterfield County, Virginia. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 23:14.
1619-1622, ironworks, Chesterfield County, Virginia. Test excavations; “first integrated ironworks in America.”
1964 Exploratory Excavations at the First Ironworks in America. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 19(1):1-20.
1612-1622, British colonial ironworks, Falling Creek, on James River, VA. Discusses slag heap from furnace, iron artifacts, spikes of various sizes, slag-encrusted bricks, possible furnace foundations.
1970 The Brubaker site, Franklin County, Virginia. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 24(4):227-233.
Prehistoric, Dan River Series, Franklin County, Virginia. Finds made in search for 1756 British colonial fort on week-end dig.
MacDonald, Alister M.
1970 Archaeological Investigations at Scotchtown. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 24(4):201-226.
Early 19th century, U. S. settlement, Virginia. Discusses history of site, account of excavation, and finds.
- MacDonald, William K. and Alex H. Townsend
1975 Barns-Brinton House, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania: A Report of Archaeological Excavations Undertaken by National Heritage Corporation. Report to Chadds Ford Historical Society from National Heritage Corporation, West Chester, Pennsylvania.
- MacNeish, Richard S.
1952 Iroquoian Pottery Types: A Technique for the Study of Iroquoian Prehistory. Bulletin of the National Museum of Canada 124:1-166.
Prehistoric-historic, Iroquoian, northeastern United States and Canada. Presents author’s theory of Iroquoian prehistory: application of direct historical approach through use of pottery seriation resulted in tentative Iroquoian sequence that begins at Point Peninsula base and runs through four regional variants of Owascoid type material culture to historic Iroquois tribal divisions.
- Manucy, Albert C.
1960 Note on the Excavation of Colonial Floors in the Sallyport and Guardroom Area at Castillo de San Marcos. Ms., National Park Service, Washington.
1672-1763, Spanish colonial fort, later 18th-19th century British colonial and U. S., St. Augustine, FL. Little history or procedure; mostly description of features and explanation through documented history; bibliography mostly National Park Service reports.
1962 The Fort at Frederica. Florida State University, Department of Anthropology, Notes in Anthropology Vol. 5. Tallahassee.
Fort Frederick, FL. Reprint of 1959 publication with minor revisions; historical account using data from archives and archaeological data by Charles Fairbanks, Joel Shiner, and Jackson Moore.
- Marine, David
1955 Examination of Pagan Creek Dike. The Archeolog 7(1):1-2.
17th century, Dutch colonial and Native American site, near Lewes, DE. Dike (thrown across large marsh in back of Lewes, measures 700 x 30 ft.; thought to have been built ca. 1660 by Dutch to carry a road; fill contains aboriginal artifacts, but no European material found. Location map appears on cover of The Archeolog 7(2) (1955) and aerial photograph is reproduced on cover of The Archeolog 10(1) (1958).
1957 Further Work on the Pagan Creek Dike (Near Lewes). The Archeolog 10(1):1-3.
17th century, Dutch colonial site, near Lewes, DE. Gives account of probings and test pit in dike; no evidence of wood substructure except at abutments; confirmation from Holland that horizontal stabilization with sand was Dutch engineering technique. Provides historical background of European land grants in neighborhood of dike or causeway; adds sketch map of area and colonial properties.
1957 Report on the Russell Site 7-S-D7. The Archeolog 9(1):1-9.
Native American and Dutch colonial contact site, Pagan Creek area, near Lewes, DE. Report of probing and excavating in Pagan Creek area west of Lewes; presumed to have been temporary Indian camp near Dutch Zwaanendael Fort; includes 19 refuse pits, 2 features (a horse and human burial found): one pit contained a gun flint and another flint lay in disturbed soil; trade pipes on surface increased moving toward Old House (the William Rowland house, ca. 1725).
- Marmon, Lee H. and George Clayton Pearl
1958 Fortified Site Near Ojo del Padre: Big Bead Mesa Revisited. El Palacio 64(4):136-142.
Historic contact period, Native American site (possibly Navajo), New Mexico. Large fortified structure; many unique features that authors attribute to Spanish rather than Pueblo influence, taking issue with Dorothy Louise Keur’s 1944 conclusions.
- Martin, Patrick E.
1973 Preliminary Report on Excavations at the Filbert Site 20CN8, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Ms., Museum, Michigan State University and Mackinac Island State Park Commission, MI.
18th century, Native American, frontier contact, Great Lakes.
- Martinez, Carlos A. and Steven Ruple
1972 Thirty Five Beads from Colonial to Recent St. Augustine, Florida. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville.
16th-19th century, Spanish and English colonial, St. Augustine, FL. Bead study; St. Augustine excavations.
- Marx, Robert F.
1969 Glass Bottles from the Sunken City of Port Royal, Jamaica, May 1, 1966-March 31, 1968. Caribbean Research Institute, College of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.
Ca. 1692, bottles from British colonial town, Port Royal, Jamaica. Town destroyed in earthquake; historical data relating to earthquake; background data on bottle preservation and excavation at Port Royal; inventory of bottles recovered; drawings of examples.
- Marx, Robert F. and Edward L. Towle
1969 Shipwrecks of the Virgin Islands (1523-1825). Caribbean Research Institute, College of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.
16th-19th century, British colonial, Caribbean, British and American Virgin Islands. Introductory background data on shipping and other maritime activities in waters of Virgin Islands; lists shipwrecks known in the waters.
1946 Archaeological Work in Huronia: Excavations near Warminster. Canadian Historical Review 27(4):394-401.
1615-1650, early French, near Warminster, Georgian Bay, Ontario. Resume of exploratory archaeology at Georgian Bay.
- Mason, J. Alden
1947 The Broomall Rock Shelters. Tredyffrin Easttown History Club Quarterly 6(4):81-88.
Mason, Ronald J.
1949 Discovery of a Large Unami Camp Site. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 2:8-9.
Contact, Native American (Unami) sites, Camden and Burlington counties, NJ. Two sites; mentions group of sites at junction of Pensauken Creek and Delaware River near Palmyra, most of which have yielded trade goods.
- Mathewson, R. Duncan, Larry Murphy, and William Spencer
1974 New Concepts in Marine Archaeology: Shallow Water Historical Archaeology in the Lower Florida Keys. The Conference on Historic Site Archaeology, Papers 1974, 9:141-152. Columbia, SC.
Chiefly ca. 16th-18th century, Spanish wrecks, off Florida Keys. Underwater archaeology shares theoretical objectives with land archaeology; in Florida, shallow water archaeology has distinct problems that differ from other world localities; aspects of commercial wreck “salvaging” related to possible scientific archaeological procedure and data analysis. Major artifacts include marine cargo and fittings.
- Matsen, Ken
1966 Trade Gun. Screenings 15(4).
18th century, British colonial gun, Decker site, OR. Describes gun in present condition; also photograph and description of stamps and marks.
- Mattes, Merril J.
1943 A History of Old Fort Mitchell. New England History 24(2):71-83.
1864-1898, U. S. fort, Fort Mitchell, western NE. Documented history of military outpost against Sioux and Cheyenne; outpost of Fort Laramie, WY, that was involved in Sioux Wars; reference to engagements, data on site identification; ground plan of fort from Collins Collection, Colorado State University; drawings after W. H. Jackson and Hayden Surveys; indication of artifacts preserved at Oregon Trail Museum, Scotts Bluff National Monument, National Park Service.
1947 Historic Sites in Missouri Valley Reservoir Areas. Omaha: National Park Service.
Ca. 1856-1895, Native American sites, Missouri River basin, North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, and Nebraska. Survey, work under Historic Sites Act of 1935; historical background of sites.
1949 Historic Sites in the Fort Randall Reservoir Area. South Dakota Historical Collections 24:470-577.
1800-1890, historic sites inundated by Fort Randall Reservoir, SD. Survey; inventory; project of U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; many of sites (from Lewis and Clark to period of settlement) were subsequently excavated by Smithsonian Institution; bibliography extensive.
1949 Robidoux’s Trading Post at “Scotts’s Bluffs” and the California Gold Rush. New England History 30(June):95-138.
1849-1860, U. S. civilian trading post, western Nebraska. Detailed documentary history of one of few trading posts between Fort Kearny, NE, and Fort Laramie, WY, on the California Road. Robidoux well known (emigrant accounts full of references to him); interviews with Sioux descendants. Map (Scotts Bluff region) shows various trading posts and relationships to emigrant road. Artifact list consists of identification of artifacts found by surface collecting and now in the Oregon Trail Museum, Scotts Bluff National Monument. Bibliography in footnotes.
1953 Archaeological Salvage, Missouri River Basin. Missouri River Basin Progress Reports (October):National Parks Service, Omaha.
Salvage, Missouri River Basin; broad survey of status of program (to 1953); reflects cooperative arrangements between the National Park Service as funding agency and Smithsonian Institution and various state agencies as field representatives.
1953 Report on Historical Investigation of Chimney Rock, Nebraska. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
1840s-1860s, U. S. site on Oregon Trail, Chimney Rock, NE.
1954 Under the Wide Missouri. North Dakota History 21(4):145-167.
Survey of Missouri River valley between Sioux City, IA, and Williston, ND; inundated by Missouri River Reservoir projects of U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Narrative description of historic sites from Lewis and Clark expedition to steamboats and settlements.
1955 Patrolling the Santa Fe Trail: Reminiscences of John W. Kirwan. Kansas Historical Quarterly 21(Winter):569-587.
1859-1865, U. S. military, frontier fort, western Kansas. In addition to editing Kirwan’s journal of his military experiences along the Santa Fe Trail (1859-1865), author provides detailed site description of old Fort Kirwan (now in Kirwan Reservoir, Solomon River, KS); was Indian outpost commanded by Kirwan with volunteer troops in 1865; maps and photographs available in National Park Service files.
1960 The Enigma of Wounded Knee. Plains Anthropologist 5(9):1-11.
1890 battle between U. S. Army and Native American (Sioux), on Pine Ridge Reservation, SD. Detailed analysis of diametrically opposed accounts of precisely what happened between Sioux Indians under Big Foot and U. S. troops under Colonel Forsyth; last great “battle” between Indians and whites; led to some 250 violent deaths. Based on field investigation and report, with photographs, from National Park Service files; map of battlefield; map of general region showing distributions of troops and Native Americans.
1960 Historic Sites Archeology on the Upper Missouri. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 15. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:5-24. Washington.
Survey of Upper Missouri River basin; historical review of investigations by archaeologists of various forts and trading posts on upper Missouri.
1960 The Pony Express: Across Nebraska from St. Joseph to Fort Laramie. New England History 41(June):82-122.
1860-1861, U. S. mail route. Detailed account of Pony Express route, with tentative identification of all known station sites and nature and extent of remains. Structures known to be associated with Pony Express found in: St. Joseph, MO, Seneca, KS, Marysville, KS, near Hanover, KS, and in vicinity of Gothemburg, NE and Cozad, NE; includes map of Pony Express route.
- Mattison, Ray H.
1951 Old Fort Stevenson — a Typical Missouri River Military Post. Bismarck: State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Late 1860s-1880s, U. S. fort, Fort Stevenson, above Bismarck, north bank of Missouri River, ND. History, physical structures; 89 miles above Bismarck.
1951 Report on Historical Aspects of the Garrison Reservoir Area, Missouri River; Mercer, McLean, Mountrail, Dunn, McKenzie and Williams Counties, North Dakota. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
19th century, U. S. sites, on Missouri River, ND. Survey; report contains check list of historic sites, detailed historical analysis, references and appendices with historical maps and plans.
1951 Research Reports on Fort Stevenson and Fort Berthold. Appendices A and B in Report on Historical Aspects of the Garrison Reservoir Area, Missouri River. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
19th century, U. S. military posts, on Missouri River, ND. Historical data matched with archaeological data — example of historians role in archaeological program.
1953 Report on Historic Sites in the Gavins Point Reservoir Area, Missouri River; Union, Clay, Yankton, Bon Homme, Charles Mix and Gregory Counties, S.D. and Boyd Co., Neb. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
19th century, U. S. sites, on Missouri River, NE and SD. Survey; report contains check list of historic sites, detailed historical analysis, references and appendices with historical maps and plans.
1962 Report on Historic Sites in the Big Bend Reservoir Area, Missouri River: Buffalo, Lyman, Hughes, and Stanley Counties, South Dakota. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
19th century, U. S. sites, on Missouri River, SD. Survey; report contains check list of historic sites, detailed historical analysis, references and appendices with historical maps and plans.
- Maxwell, Moreau S.
1960 An Archaeological Analysis of Eastern Grant Land, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada.
Native American contact sites, Northwest Territories. Analysis; contact materials and evidence from Greely expedition, as well as correlation with work of Danish archaeologists in Greenland, allow assessment of ages of Eskimo culture sequences in area.
1964 Indian Artifacts at Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac City, Michigan. Michigan Archaeologist 10(2):23-30.
Native American artifacts found in association with European-manufactured items (1715-1780).
- Maxwell, Moreau S. and Lewis R. Binford
1961 Excavation at Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac City, Michigan: 1959 Season. East Lansing: Michigan State University.
1715-1781, French colonial, British colonial fort, south side of Straits of Mackinac, MI, peninsula. History, description of excavation, description of stratigraphy (very simple for whole site), detailed discussion of features, artifacts, and short conclusion; findings confirmed documents, but no great surprises; excavation continued to 1964. Particularly interesting study of gun flints, pipe stems, and gun plates (pp. 87-111)
- Mayer-Oakes, William. J.
1951 Archaeological Problems in the Upper Ohio Valley. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 21(3-4):53-57.
Protohistoric, Native American sites, Green County, OH. Number of sites discussed.
1953 An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Shenango River Reservoir Area in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Annals of Carnegie Museum 33: article 3.
Historic, Native American sites, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Survey; included are historic village of Pymatuning (36 Me11) and Indian burial dating from French and Indian War period (36 Me15).
1955 Prehistory of the Upper Ohio Valley: An Introductory Archaeological Study. Pittsburgh: The Carnegie Museum.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, upper Ohio River Valley, PA. Defines Early Monongahela and Historic Monongahela units.
1956 Carnegie Museum Excavations at the Varner site, 36 Grl. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 15( ):11.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Monongahela), Pennsylvania. Excavation at Varner site had objective of supplying more information on recently proposed “Early Monongahela” and “Historic Monongahela” units.
- Mayes, Philip
1972 Port Royal, Jamaica excavations 1969-1970. Kingston, Jamaica: Jamaica National Trust Commission.
17th century, Port Royal, Kingston, Jamaica. Geography, geology, and historical summary; history of excavation; land and underwater sites include old naval dockyard, site I, naval occupation of east end of Port Royal, church; associated with 1655 capture from Spanish by British, and 1692 earthquake and subsidence of port area, Port Royal. Major features include defense, commercial, and church structures; discusses ceramic, glass, and other artifacts; appendices cover conservation, water flow rates, jetting pump, wellpoint system.
- Mazur, D. Bennett and Wayne M. Daniels
1968 Baylor’s Dragoons Massacre, September 28, 1778: Excavation of the Burial Site. Hackensack: Bergen County Historical Society.
1778, U. S. military, mass burial, New Jersey. Describes finding six bodies Baylor’s Dragoons of the U. S. Army killed in encounter during Revolutionary War and buried in pit of Blauvelt Tannery (now on grounds of Edgewood Country Club).
- McCann, Catherine J.
1949 Some contact Sites in Southern New Jersey. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 8:8.
Native American contact sites, New Jersey. Notes that contact period sites are poor and small, that Native American groups had migrated by first half of 18th century, thereby shortening historical period of their occupations; trade pipes of early type associated with Riggins pottery in humus at Krol site; abstract of paper.
1950 The Ware Site, Salem County, New Jersey. American Antiquity 15(4):315-321.
Native American (Delaware?) contact site, Salem County, NJ. Excavation of unstratified site, under auspices of Indiana Historical Society (1947-48); late component’s ceramics are Riggins types; historic period represented by portion of crested lead seal (perhaps fur bundle tag); remains presumed to be material culture of southern branch of Delaware tribe.
1957 Six Late Sites in Southern and Central New Jersey. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 13:1-10.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, New Jersey. Reports surface collecting and trenching at six small sites. Delaware project of the Indiana Historical Society (Lilly Foundation) 1947-1949; sought to define Lenni-Lenape culture at time of European contact. Sites selected on basis of colonial documentation, known late aboriginal materials (Riggins, Koens-Crispin Plain, and Ware Plain wares), and presence of trade goods. Includes: Semenuk, DiBartolo, Krol, and Kimble sites; larger Ware site reported in Entry? McCann, 1950.
- McCarth, Richard C.
1958 A Stratified Site at Lewiston. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 13:10-11.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American site, New York. Early and Late Woodland component overlain by historic component.
- McCarthy, John P.
1984 Archaeological and Architectural Investigations of Selected Outbuildings at the Peter Wentz Farmstead, Worcester Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Report to Montgomery County Department of Parks and Historic Sites from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
1984 Phase II Archaeological Investigations at the Site of the Proposed Society Hill Sheraton Hotel, Front and Dock Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Rouse and Associates from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
1984 Vine Street Expressway, L. R. 67045: A Phase II Archaeological Investigation in the Block Bounded by Ninth, Tenth, Vine, and Winter Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Michael Baker, Jr., and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, Pennsylvania.
n.d. Report on Test Excavations in the Mill Village: Edgemont House No. 109 Test Pit Project. Report, Bishop’s Mill Historical Institute, Ridley Creek State Park, Media, PA.
- McCarthy, John P., Betty Cosans-Zebooker, and William R. Henry, Jr.
1985 Philadelphia Privies and Their Fills: A Consideration of Their Interpretive Value. Paper presented at the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference, Rehobeth Beach, DE.
- McCarthy, John P. and Stephen H. Graff
1983 Archaeological Survey Report, I-476, Task Force Alignment. Report to Federal Highway Administration and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from Cultural Heritage Research Services, New Castle, DE.
- McCarthy, John P. and James Moffet
1980 Sycamore Mills: A Rural Industrial Village at the Beginning of the 19th Century. Report, Bishop’s Mill Historical Institute, Ridley Creek State Park, Media, PA.
- McCarthy, John P. and Daniel G. Roberts, editors
n.d. Archaeological Data Recovery at the Site of the Society Hill Sheraton Hotel, Front and Dock Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report for Rouse and Associates from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- McCarthy, John P., Evelyn M. Tidlow, George Cress, and Stephanie Pinter
1987 Vine Street Expressway, L. R. 67045: Archaeological Data Recovery in the Block Bounded by Ninth, Tenth, Vine, and Winter Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- McCary, Ben and Norman F. Barka
1977 The John Smith and Zuniga Maps in the Light of Recent Archaeological Investigations along the Chickahominy River. Archaeology of Eastern North America. Ann Arbor.
- McCown, B. E.
1955 Temeku, a Page from the History of the Luiseno Indians. Los Angeles: Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.
Luiseno village, Riverside County, CA. Report of excavations; historic materials date from early 19th century; discusses glass beads (p. 32), other “European Intrusions” (p.14-15). Non-Indian artifacts illustrated (plate 23): Chilean and Spanish coin, three metal buttons, three glass beads, three lead rifle balls, a shell button, a gun flint, a china fragment, a 54-40 rifle shell.
- McDannell, Colleen
1987 The Religious Symbolism of Laurel Hill Cemetery. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 111(3):275-303.
1942 Rummaging in the Museum II: The Petrified Lady. Transactions and Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, (Fourth Series) 10(2):138-143.
- McGrath, H. Thomas, Jr.
1981 The Eventual Preservation and Stabilization of the USS Cairo. Nautical Archaeology 10(2):79-94.
19th century, U. S. Civil War, armored warship, USS Cairo, shipwreck site on left bank, Yazoo River, MS; sunk December 1862. Discusses first iron-clad ship of Union Navy sunk by submerged electrically controlled mine of Confederate Navy; badly damaged hull eventually salvaged, in part, for exhibition. Major artifacts include ship’s gear and contents. Bad effects of inadequate salvaging countered by salvaging efforts.
- McGuire, J. D.
1897 Pipes and Smoking Customs of the American Aborigines. United States National Museum, Annual Report Part 1:251-645. Washington.
Native American, North America. Rather thorough treatment of subject of tobacco and good review of pipe types preserved in National Museum, both aboriginal and historic; contains very brief account of pipe tomahawks; illustrations numerous and good.
- McKenney, Thomas L.
1870 History of the Indian Tribes of America. Philadelphia.
Biographical sketches and anecdotes of principal chiefs, embellished with a hundred portraits from Indian Gallery, War Department, Washington, DC;; valuable pictorial reference to manufactured trade ornaments used by Native Americans.
- McKern, W. C.
1943 First settlers of Wisconsin. Minnesota Archaeologist 2:33-45.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Wisconsin. Describes prehistoric and protohistoric Wisconsin.
- McKusick, Marshall B., M. Kowta, Freddie Curtis, Roberta S. Greenwood, and A. T. Gilman
1961 Excavations at Goleta. Ms. No. 96, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, and State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, shell midden site (Sba-60), Goleta Basin, Santa Barbara County, CA. Site contains early 19th century industrial artifacts; highway salvage; observation and recording of screened earth from mechanical scraper; no stratigraphic control; includes lithic analysis, shell analysis, micro-analysis.
- McMurray, Judith A.
1973 The Definition of the Ceramic Complex at San Juan del Puerto. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville.
1509-1702, Spanish mission, San Juan del Puerto, to Native Americans (Timucua and Guale), Fort George Island, FL. Describes and defines Native American ceramics, especially late 17th century San Marcos ware. Ethnohistory and acculturation of mission aboriginal populations.
- McRill, L. A.
1963 Ferdinandina: First White Settlement in Oklahoma. Chronicles of Oklahoma 41(2):126-159.
19th century, U. S. settlement, Ferdinandina, OK.
- Mead, John H.
1967- Archaeological Survey of Fort Putnam and Other Revolutionary Fortifications at West Point, New York. Ms., New York State Historic Trust, Albany.
1778-1794, U. S. military, West Point, Orange County, NY. History and archaeological survey of: Fort Putnam, Fort Meigs, Fort Wyllis, Fort Webb, redoubts nos.1-4, Fort Clinton, Chain Battery, Lanthorn Battery, Water Battery; coordinated mapping and cataloguing system, recommended archaeological work.
1968 Archaeological Report on the Northeast Blockhouse, Johnson Hall. Ms., New York State Historic Trust, Albany.
1766-1866, British and American, Mohawk Valley, NY. Features described include: fireplace, hearth, platform for foundation wall, floor, outside elevations, and foundation northwest of northeast blockhouse.
- Meadows, Don C.
1965 First European Contact with the Indians of Orange County. Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 1(3).
1769, Spanish colonial and Native American, frontier contact, Orange County, CA. Historical study; notes from diary and records on first expedition to travel overland northward from San Diego to San Francisco; party was led by Don Gaspar de Portola.
- Means, Phillip Ainsworth
1942 Newport Tower. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
17th century, British colonial mill, Newport, RI. Investigations into tradition of alleged mediaeval tower; archaeologist devotes painstaking study to the round stone masonry structure (variously alleged to be Norse church built by immigrants to island of Aquineck and stone windmill built by Governor Benedict Arnold of Rhode Island in 1670s); on scientific analysis determined to be 17th century mill. Theories based upon historical data and inference are matched against meticulous description of tower; significant to archaeology as tool for employment of deduction and theory. [See William S. Godfrey, Jr., 1951.]
- Meighan, Clement W.
1950 Excavations in 16th Century shellmounds at Drake’s Bay, Marin County. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 9:27-32.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, shellmounds, Drake’s Bay, Marin County, CA.
1950 Occurrence and Distribution of Glass Trade Beads in California. Ms., University of California, Berkeley.
Historic, Native American sites, California. Dating and origin of glass trade beads associated with California Native American sites discussed.
1954 Archaeological Survey of Arroyo Sequit, Los Angeles County, California. Ms. No. 215, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
18th century, Native American sites, Arroyo Sequit, Los Angeles County, CA. Survey of two sites.
1955 Archaeology of the North Coast Ranges, California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 30:1-4039. Berkeley.
Prehistoric-19th century, Native American sites, northern California. Report on recent excavations in Mendicino County (CA-Men-500), a surface site, and tentative definition of several archaeological complexes in North Coast Ranges. CA-Men-500 tested to demonstrate prehistoric and late horizons of protohistoric and historic Pomo or Yuki occupation; glass beads, bottle glass, projectile point recovered.
1955 Excavations of Isabella Meadow’s Cave, Monterey County, California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 29:1-30. Berkeley.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American site, Monterey County, CA. Occupied by Esselen in first quarter of 19th century; first site in Esselen area to be reported on; early occupation (first century AD); top levels (date 1350-1825).
- Meighan, Clement W. and Robert F. Heizer
1952 Archaeological Exploration at Sixteenth-century Indian Mounds at Drake’s Bay. California Historical Society Quarterly 31(2):99-108.
Prehistoric-16th century, Native American site with possible British contact, near San Francisco.
- Meyer, Richard and Betty Cosans-Zebooker
1984 I-95 Access Improvement Program: Phase I Archaeological Investigations and Phase I and II Architectural Investigations. Report to The Delta Group and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Meyer, Richard and Michael Parrington
1983 A Preliminary Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Philadelphia Convention Center Site Bounded by Race, Market, Eleventh, and Thirteenth Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Eastern Real Estate Company from John Milner Associates, West Chester, Pennsylvania.
- Michael, Ronald L. and Ronald C. Carlisle
1975 Monongahela and Pittsburgh District Glass: 19th century. Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin 7(1):57-85.
19th century, glass production, along Monongahela River, southwestern Pennsylvania. Describes glass production principally using data from U. S. decennial census manufacturing schedules.
- Michels, Joseph W.
1964 1964 Archaeological Investigations of the Mammouth Junction Site (Mno-382). Ms., Director, Parks and Recreation, State of California, Sacramento.
18th century, Mammouth Junction site, CA.
Mid-Atlantic Archaeological Research
1977 A Cultural Resource Survey of the Delcora Sewer Force Main Project. Report to Betz Environmental Engineering, Newark, Delaware from Mid-Atlantic Archaeological Research, Newark, DE.
1978 Archaeological Data Recovery Operations at the Morton Homestead. Report to BCM Environmental Engineers, Newark, DE from Mid-Atlantic Archaeological Research, Newark, DE.
- Miles, George G.
1958 The Northwest Token. Screenings 7(2):
18th century, Northwest Company trade tokens for trade with Native Americans, Northwest Coast and Plateau.
- Miller, Carl F.
1960 The Excavation and Investigation of Fort Lookout Trading Post II (39LM57) in the Fort Randall Reservoir, South Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 175 Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:49-82. Washington.
Prehistoric-19th century, Native American and European contact, Fort Lookout trading post II, Missouri River valley, SD. Primary results of excavation dating from 19th century. Details results of exploratory excavations at trading post.
- Miller, George L.
1984 George M. Coates, Pottery Merchant of Philadelphia. Winterthur Portfolio 19:37-49.
Miller, Henry M., Alexander H. Morrison, II, and Garry Wheeler Stone
1980 An Archaeological Survey to Locate Leonard Calvert’s “St. Mary’s House.” Ms., St. Mary’s City Commission Library, St. Mary’s City, Maryland.
Archaeological determination of Leonard Calvert’s “St. Mary’s House,” Tidewater Maryland. Domestic archaeology.
- Miller, J. Jefferson, III and Lyle M. Stone
1970 Eighteenth Century Ceramics from Fort Michilimackinac: A Study in Historical Archeology. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
18th century, French colonial and British colonial ceramics, frontier military fort, Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac City, MI. Includes history of fort and present program of archaeology and reconstruction; ceramics at fort; interpretation of historical site ceramics. Appendices include sherd frequencies; related material from the Fortress of Louisbourg; related material from two mid-18th century Pennsylvania sites occupied by English army; table of ceramic types from other 18th century North American historical sites.
- Miller, P. Schuyler
1946 The Mohawk Occupation of Central New York. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Newsletter 41:3-6.
Mohawk sites, central New York. History of Mohawk as seen with aid of archaeological and historical evidence.
- Miller, Tom O.
1954 Four Burials from the Coeur d’Alene Region, Idaho. American Antiquity 19(4):389-390.
Contact-19th century, Native American (Coeur d’Alene) burials, northern Idaho. Two of the burials had associated trade goods; one (near Coeur d’Alene) had copper blade (Fig. 111, p. 390); Roselake, ID, burial had tubular copper beads (described) and glass beads (not described).
- Mills, John E.
1960 Historic sStes Archeology in the Fort Randall Reservoir, South Dakota. River Basin Survey Paper No. 16; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 176:25-48. Washington.
Chiefly 19th century, U. S. military sites, Missouri River valley, SD.
- Minnerly, William L.
1974 Excavations at Fort Michilimackinac, 1974 Season: A Preliminary Report on Historical Preservation Grant Number 26-74-00092. Ms., The Museum, Michigan State University, The Mackinac Island State Park Commission, and National Park Service, Washington.
- Mitchell, E.
1962 Bone Identification from Whale Back Reservoir. Ms. No. 95, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Bone analysis otherwise unspecified; appendix to report.
- Montgomery, Ross G., Watson Smith, and John Otis Brew
1949 Franciscan Awatovi. Cambridge: Peabody Museum, Harvard University.
17th century, Spanish colonial mission, northeast Arizona. Excavation and conjectural reconstruction of Spanish colonial mission established at Hopi town. Scholarly and creative interpretation of archaeological evidence in light of Hopi and Spanish colonial culture and custom.
- Moore, Clarence B.
1892 Certain Shell Heaps of the St. John’s River, Florida, Hitherto Unexplored. American Naturalist 26:912-922.
Contact period, Native American, St. John’s River, FL. Surveys; brief description of Raulersons Mound of early period, late remains at Indian Fields, and Sole’s Landing with goods of uncertain historic dating.
1894 Certain Sand Mounds of the St. Johns River, Florida. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 10:1-220.
18th century, early, middle, late historic, Native American, St. John’s River, FL. Discusses Dunns Creek Site, Raulerson’s Mound, Cook’s Ferry Mound, Thursby Mound, Fort Taylor Mound, Mulberry Mound, Bayard Point, Volusia, and Dupont’s Mound, all of which contained early, middle, and late historical materials. Iron and glass objects and hawk bell found at Dunns Creek Site.
1896 Two Sand Mounds on Murphy Island, Florida. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 10:449-502.
17th century(?), historic aboriginal, Murphy Island, FL. Historic remains were encountered in North Mound.
1897 Certain Aboriginal Mounds of the Georgia Coast. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 12:5-138.
18th century, aboriginal burials with European goods, Georgia. Describes three coastal sites (Woodbine Mound, Townsend Mound, and Sapelo Island) with European materials.
1899 Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Alabama River. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 11:289-347.
18th century, British, frontier contact, Alabama. The Charlotte Thompson Place site, six miles downstream from Montgomery, shows many European artifacts in good association with aboriginal remains.
1900 Certain Antiquities of the Florida West Coast. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 12:351-394.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Pine Island, Florida. Excavations revealed iron celts, glass and silver beads, and other European objects.
1901 Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Northwest Florida Coast. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 12:150-167.
16th and possibly 17th century, Spanish and Native American contact sites, Florida and Alabama. Includes discussion of historic site of Bear Point Mound in Baldwin County, AL.
1903 Certain Aboriginal Mounds of the Florida Central West Coast. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 12:363-494.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, central-west coast of Florida. Historic materials encountered at Chipola cut-off included sheet brass and glass beads.
1915 Aboriginal Sites on the Tennessee River. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 16:170-428.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, on Tennessee River, Alabama and Tennessee. Survey; describes sites containing historic materials: three in Alabama (McKee Island, Roden Mounds, and Pine Island Mound), and four in Tennessee (Hampton Place, Hiwassee Island, Citico Mound, and Upper Hampton Place).
1918 The Northwestern Florida Coast Revisited. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Journal 16:514-579.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Hogtown Bayou, Florida. Mentions burials containing glass beads and “iron or steel” objects.
1922 Mound Investigations on the East Coast of Florida. Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, Indian Notes and Monographs 26:34-49. New York.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, east coast Florida. Describes briefly historic remains from DeSoto Beach and Gleason Mound.
- Moore, Jackson W., Jr.
1959 Archaeological Investigations of the Carriage House. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1959 Excavation of the Portico Site, Independence National Historical Park, PA. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1960 Archaeological Data. In “Historic Structures Report, Part II on Dilworth-Todd-Moylan House.” Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
n.d. Archeological Exploration of the Neilson Barn Site, Saratoga National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Schuylerville, New York.
18th century, British colonial farm, New York. All evidence of barn site was negative.
- Moorehead, Warren K.
1894 Inspection of Modern Indian Village Sites in Ohio. The Archaeologist 2:366-367.
Shawnee village sites, southern Ohio. Surface collections from five largest Shawnnee village sites suggest slow rate of loss and discarding of implements.
- Moratto, Michael and Tom King
1969 Part IV: A Report of Three Archaeological Sites with Historic Components. In The Archaeology of the Buchanan Reservoir Region, Madera County. San Francisco: San Francisco State College.
Pre-1800 AD, possible Anglo and Native American contact, Buchanan Reservoir District, Madera County, CA. Historical interest (pp. 219-228).
- Moriarity, James R., III
1969 Historic Site Archaeology at Mission San Diego de Alcala. Masterkey 43(3):100-108.
1760s, Spanish colonial, San Diego, CA. Brief discussion of work carried out at site of first of California’s twenty-one missions, San Diego de Alcala; work by students at University of San Diego.
- Morin, Victor
1952 L’Emplacement du fort de Dollard des Ormeaux. Review of the History of the American Frontier 9(1):3-19.
17th century, French colonial frontier fort, near Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- Morrell, L. Ross
1964 Two Historic Sites in the Coosa River. Florida Anthropologist 17(2):75-76.
16th-18th century, Spanish colonial and Native American contact, Alabama. Very brief discussion of work on Ogletree Island and Woods Island sites; mention Spanish glass beads (40 types), brass-hilted sword, two iron hoes, three iron axes, brass belt buckle, gun flints, musket lock parts, bells, sheet brass ornaments, etc.
1965 The Woods Island Site in Southwestern Acculturation 1625-1800. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama.
Chiefly 1650-1715, historic Creek, Alabama. Historic study; archaeological and ethnohistorical orientation; excavation of Woods Island site; includes: analyses of cultural material, distribution of selected culture traits through time and space; discussion of European trade as measure of acculturation.
- Morrell, L. Ross and B. Calvin Jones
1970 San Juan de Aspalaga (A Preliminary Architectural Study). Florida Bureau of Historical Sites Bulletin 1.
First half 17th century, Spanish colonial, northwestern Florida. Historical overview; wattle and daub; structural discussion (vertical plank partition (type A); (type B); compound wall; room A; B; C; E; illustrated: location map, “Convent structure,” “Church” structure and conjectural floor plan; construction details.
- Morse, Eric W.
1961 Canoe Routes of the Voyageurs, the Geography and Logistics of the Canadian Fur Trade. Canadian Geographical Journal May, July, and August:1961. Reprinted, 1962, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
18th-19th century, fur trade, Great Lakes, U. S. and Canada. Includes: waterways of fur trade; overcoming navigational obstacles; logistics of Canadian fur trade; routes illustrated; craft and supplies specified.
- Mott, Mildred
1938 Historic Indian Tribes and Their Archaeological Manifestations in Iowa. Iowa Journal of History and Politics 36(3).
Historic, Native American tribes, Iowa. Brief discussion.
- Mueller, James W.
1977 Archeological Impact and Mitigation Procedures for the Routes 25 and 28 Environmental Impact Statement. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Survey of archaeological site evidence on routes of Highway 25 and 28, Massachusetts.
- Mulford, Isaac, and others
1853 Report on a Visit to the Supposed Site of Fort Nassau. New Jersey Historical Society, Proceedings 6:157-161.
Ca. 1623, Dutch colonial fort and settlement, New Jersey.
- Mulholland, Mitchell
1977 Phase I/Reconnaissance Cultural Impact Study: Proposed WPC Project, Weymouth, Massachusetts. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Archaeological survey of public works project, Weymouth, MA.
- Mulloy, William
1952 The Northern Plains. In The Archaeology of the Eastern United States, James B. Griffin, editor, p. 124-138. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Native American Plains tribes; outline of culture period through present; describes dominant tribal groups.
- Myers, Susan H.
1977 A Survey of Traditional Pottery Manufacture in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States. Northeast Historical Archaeology 6(1-2):1-13.
1980 Handcraft to Industry: Philadelphia Ceramics in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
- National Heritage Corporation
1975 Master Plan, Peter Wentz Farmstead. Report to Commissioners of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania from National Heritage Corporation, West Chester, PA.
- National Park Service
1940 Morristown National Historic Park. Washington: National Park Service.
1777-1780, U. S. Revolutionary War encampment, Morristown, NJ. Visitor’s guide to park; describes encampments of Continental Army in winters of 1777 and 1779-1780; short historical summary of Morristown in Washington’s strategy. Fort Nonsense and one hut have been restored, partly based on data recovered through excavation.
- Neasham, Aubrey
1947 Sutter’s Sawmill. California Historical Society Quarterly 26(2):109-133.
Ca. 1848, sawmill of U. S. settlers, near Coloma, CA. Site associated with California Gold Rush; includes: history of beginning of mill, Marshall’s discovery of gold, beginning of sawmill operation, gold versus lumber, gold rush days, the river takes over, rediscovery.
1951 Historical Archeology in Region Four, National Park Service. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
Historical site investigation, California, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Alaska, and Hawaii. Useful summary statement (to 1951) on historical archaeology in above areas.
1952 A Program of Archeological Investigations at Drake’s Bay. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
Late 16th through 19th century, Native American contact period, Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, CA. Review of work done to 1952; mentions Ming porcelain and iron spikes.
- Neiman, Fraser D.
1980 Field Archaeology of the Clifts Plantation Site, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Ms., The Robert E. Lee Memorial Association, Stratford Hall, Virginia.
Ca. 17th-18th century, Clifts Plantation, Westmoreland County, VA. Discussion of plantation.
- Neitzel, Robert S.
1964 The Natchez Grand Village. Florida Anthropologist 17(2):63-66.
1682-1729, prehistoric, Native American and Natchez and French colonial contact, Mississippi. Discusses archaeological work carried out at site; very general; emphasis on architecture and artifacts.
- Nelligan, Murray H.
1956 Custis-Lee Mansion. Washington: National Park Service.
Early 19th century, U. S. residence, Arlington-Alexandria, VA. Built by grandson of Martha Washington, home of his son-in-law, Robert E. Lee; begun 1803, completed 1817. Archaeological investigations of well recovered some fragments of original Custis tableware.
- Nelson, Lee H. and John L. Cotter
1964 East Wing Sidewalk Well Report. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
- Nelson, Lee H. and Penelope Hartshorne
1963 Nail Chronology as an Aid to Dating Old Buildings and Paint Color Research and Restoration. History News 19(2).
Definitive (to 1964) information on dating nails by technological characteristics and methodology for paint identification and restoration.
- Nelson, Nels C.
1914 Pueblo Ruins of the Galisteo Basin, New Mexico. New York: American Museum of National History.
Spanish colonial and Native American (Pueblo) contact sites, Galisteo Basin, NM. Sites correspond to historical evidence; first archaeological work done here.
1915 Archaeology of the Tano district. International Congress of Americanists, Proceedings 19:114-119.
Historic Pueblo ruins, Tano district, NM. Deals with certain historical aspects of Native American and Spanish colonial contact.
1916 New Mexico Field Work in 1915. El Palacio 3(2):43-55.
17th century, Native American and Spanish colonial contact, New Mexico. Brief discussion of San Marcos ruin and its church and mission buildings; brief description of architecture; mentions finding part of brass censor and piece of brass candlestick; brief discussion of Pecos mission and its restoration by Jesse Nusbaum.
1919 Archaeology of the Tano District. El Palacio 7(9-12):177-183.
17th century, Spanish colonial and Native American contact sites, New Mexico. Summary report; several ruins (including historic pueblo of Kotyiti, a Keresan stronghold, and San Marcos Mission); work done for American Museum of National History.
- Nesbitt, Paul E.
1969 The Cofchin Ranch Site: A Preliminary Report on an Historic Indian Habitation Unit. Washington Archaeologist 13(1):2-14.
1857-post-1900, historic, Native American (Nisqually) and Euroamerican contact, Cofchin Ranch, Nisqually River, WA. Concerns occupation levels I (dating between 1857-1900) and II (dating post-1900) that support possibility there were prehistoric occupations of Nisqually Native Americans in area; acculturation traced and many Euroamerican artifacts described (such as doll fragments, medicine bottles, historic ceramics, pre-1900 nails, stone, metal, glass, leather, etc.).
1970 Further data on the Cofchin Ranch site. Washington Archaeologist 14(2):12-13.
Historic, Native American (Northwest), Cofchin Ranch, Nisqually River, WA. Contents as per title.
1975 Historical Archaeology in the Pacific Northwest: Investigations into Euroamerican Encroachment. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):20-26.
Historical archaeology in Pacific Northwest; status in 1974; critique of public attitude, suggested direction; interpretation of historical archaeology to public.
- Newcomb, W. W., Jr.
1958 The Skeleton of Yellowhouse Canyon. Texas Memorial Museum Notes 9.
1858-1875, historic, Comanche burial, Lubbock County, TX. Reprinted in pamphlet form from “An Historical Burial from Yellowhouse Canyon, Lubbock County, Texas.” Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 26:186-199 (1955).
1961 The Indians of Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Prehistoric-modern times, ethnography of Texas; deals extensively with Anglo and Native American relations.
- Newhouse, S.
1867 The Trapper’s Guide Wallingford, CT: The Oneida Community. 14th edition reprinted 1910, Forest and Stream Publishing Co., New York.
19th century, U. S. trapping techniques, New York. Directions for taking furs and for curing, etc.; brief summary of history of Newhouse trap.
- Newman, Robert W.
1958 Archeological Investigations at the George Washington Carver National Monument, Missouri. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.
19th century, U. S. Black residence, Missouri. Account of nine days’ search (December 1958) for sites of structures standing during occupancy by Carver; results negative. See also Paul L. Beaubien, (1954).
- Newman, T. Stell
1959 Toleak Point — An Archaeological Site on the North Central Washington Coast. Master’s thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.
19th century, Native American contact site, Washington. Includes data on trade goods (pp. 69-71); discussed are Blue “OP” or “Russian” trade beads, copper rolls or tubes, and metal chisel.
1969 Hawaii Statewide Site Survey Bibliography of Written Sources. Ms., Division of Archeology National Park Service, Pacific Regional Office, San Francisco.
Bibliography, Hawaii. Covers islands’ geology, botany, zoology, ethnography, history, and prehistoric and historic archaeology; over 800 references.
- Noël Hume, Audrey
1963 Clay Tobacco Pipes in the Light of Recent Excavations. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 18(2):22- 25.
18th century, British colonial sites, Virginia. Study of single group of 15,000 pipe fragments in attempt to determine accuracy of Binford formula; products of other sites with different date ranges are included for comparative purposes; drawings include one sheet largely of variations of R. M. maker’s initials.
Noël Hume, Ivor
1957 A Seventeenth-Century Virginian’s Seal: A Detective Story in Glass. Antiques 72(3):244-245.
17th century, British, glass bottle seal, Jamestown, VA. Study and identification of not only “oldest surviving glass relics of a known Virginia colonist, also the oldest identified sealed bottles in existence”; achieved by identifying a given mold (RW for Ralph Wormely I) from which a London find from the London fire and a Jamestown seal were both cast, prior to 1665; indicates research possibilities.
1958 German Stoneware Bellarmines, An Introduction. Antiques 74(5):439-441.
16th-17th century, German stoneware jugs or Bellarmines, found in England and North America. Technical details noting dating characteristics useful for field identification in New World.
1959 A Survey of Artifacts Recovered during Excavations at Johnson Hall, NY. Ms., New York State Education Department, Albany.
1763-1860, British and U. S., Mohawk Valley, New York. Analysis of bags of artifacts from Johnson Hall excavations: ceramics, bottle fragments, wine glass fragments, tobacco pipes, buttons, buckles, and wrought iron hardware from floor of stone blockhouse, tunnel, stockade line, blacksmith shop, road, etc.
1960 Rouen Faience in Eighteenth-century America. Antiques 78(6):559-561.
Discusses tin glaze enamel from Rouen, France; not imported to America until Revolutionary War period, when France took advantage of cessation of English trade; after Revolution, faience could not compete with English cream ware and pearl ware.
1961 The Glass Wine Bottle in Colonial Virginia. Journal of Glass Studies 3:91-117.
17th-18th century, evolution of English glass wine bottle, Virginia. Study; evidence based on dated examples, archaeologically dated samples, and historic documentation; illustrations include seals.
1962 Excavations at Rosewell in Gloucester County, Virginia, 1957-1959. U. S. National Museum Bulletin 225. Washington.
18th-19th century, British colonial, then U. S. plantation, on York River, Tidewater Virginia. Includes short history, architectural discussion, excavation, general discussion of artifacts, detailed description accompanying plates; trash pit site (1771-1772) was dug specifically to obtain closely dated collection of refuse for comparative study; no bibliography, but useful citations in footnotes.
1962 An Indian Ware of the Colonial Period. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 17(1):2-14.
Late 17th-19th century, historic Native American (“Colono-Indian”) ceramics, Tidewater Virginia. Study, date range, purpose, sources, distribution.
1963 Here Lies Virginia. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
17th-18th century, British colonial sites, Tidewater Virginia. A detailed summary of archaeological work in Virginia.
1963 A Past in Peril: Report on Virginia Archaeology. Commonwealth 30(7):23-27.
17th-18th century, British colonial sites, Tidewater Virginia. Discusses need for an agency to undertake skilled rescue excavations on threatened colonial sites.
1963 Some English Glass from Colonial Virginia. Antiques 84(1):68-71.
17th-18th century, British colonial, domestic artifacts, Jamestown and Williamsburg, VA. Includes specimens of table ware.
1964 Archaeology: Handmaiden to History. North Carolina Historical Review 41(2):214-225.
16th-19th century, European and European colonial cultures. Using examples of these cultures, discusses and illustrates use of archaeological techniques and research in establishing historical data acceptable to professional historian.
1964 Historic Archaeology in Virginia, 1961-1962. Florida Anthropologist 17(2):50-55.
17th-18th century, British colonial sites, Virginia. Survey of archaeological work done at Rosewell plantation (1763-1772), Frederick Jones plantation (1702-1708), pottery kiln site near Jamestown, and Travis House (1690-1700) plantation, Williamsburg, during 1961-1962.
1964 The Search for New Bremen and the Glass of John Frederick Amelung. Antiques 85(3):310-313.
Late 18th century, German-American glassmaking, near Frederick, MD. Describes excavations conducted in cooperation with Corning Glass Museum to locate and identify foundation evidence of the Amelung glass works (operated from 1784-1795), south of Frederick; artifact evidence considered as relevant to identification of fine glass products of this works; conjectural reconstruction of New Bremen glasshouse illustrated.
1965 Excavations at the Amelung Class Factory in Maryland. Florida Anthropologist 18(3/part 2):2-7.
Ca. 1784-1795, German-American glass factory, Frederick, Maryland. Brief history of enterprise of John Frederick Amelung and archaeological evidence produced by project sponsored by Corning Museum of Glass, 1962-1963; factory associated with German industrial community.
1965 An Interim Report on Excavations at Denbigh Plantation in Virginia. Florida Anthropologist 18(3)(part 2):8-14.
17th century, British colonial plantation, Warwick County, Virginia. Brief historical background and summary of archaeological observations.
1966 Excavations at Clay Bank, in Gloucester County, Virginia, 1962-1963. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
17th century, British colonial residence, Jenkins site, Clay Bank, Gloucester County, Virginia. Describes and analyzes artifacts from site; also includes historical background, archaeological and architectural evidence, methods of excavation, stratigraphy.
1966 Excavations at Tutter’s Neck in James City County, Virginia, 1960-1961. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. 18th century, British colonial house, James City County, VA. Describes and analyzes artifacts found in refuse pits of site (small dwelling and outbuilding); also includes location and history of site; discusses excavation, residence, kitchen, refuse pits, and animal remains.
1966 Mathews Manor, Preview of a Major Archaeological Discovery in Virginia. Antiques 90(4):532-536.
17th century (ca. 1639), British colonial house, Mathews Manor (the so-called Denbigh Plantation), Warwick County, VA. Summarizes historical data and archaeological investigation; excavation of Samuel Mathews (ca. 1600-1657) home; Mathews was member of Council and leader of mutiny that ousted Governor John Harvey; destruction and abandonment of house by 1639 gives tight dating to representative collection showing early provincial taste of affluent settler in early plantation days.
1969 Archaeology and Wetherburn’s Tavern. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg.
Colonial Williamsburg, VA. Justifies and explains archaeological work at Wetherburn’s Tavern.
1969 Glass in Colonial Williamsburg’s Archaeological Collections. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg.
18th century, British Colonial, Williamsburg, VA. Survey of glass history as related to drinking glasses, bottles, and other glass artifacts found in Williamsburg excavations.
1969 Historical Archaeology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf (Borzoi Books).
Historical archaeology with concentration on Maryland-Virginia area. General text reference for the field; includes premises of historical archaeology, implementing field work, types of sites, record keeping, report writing, artifact treatment, study, and storage; bibliography topical, extensive.
1969 Pottery and Porcelain in Colonial Williamsburg’s Archaeological Collections. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg.
18th century, British Colonial, Williamsburg, VA. Reviews pottery and porcelain found in Williamsburg; summary history of wares and their datable characteristics.
1969 The Wells of Williamsburg: Colonial Time Capsules. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg.
18th century, British colonial, Williamsburg, VA. Study of 18th century well-digging methods with notes on archaeological exploration of Williamsburg shafts; illustrated with examples from great variety of artifacts recovered.
1970 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
1976 Archaeological Excavations on the Site of John Frederick Amelung’s New Bremen Glass Manufactory, 1962-1963. Journal of Glass Studies 18:137-214.
1785-1795, German-American glass factory, on Bennett Creek, Frederick, MD. Reports on historical research and results of excavations in 1962 and 1963 on factory site; work confined to clearing one major factory building (67 x 113 ft.) containing 16 rooms and furnace units; full description of tools, glass, and miscellaneous small items.
1982 Martin’s Hundred. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Ca. 1619-1622, British, Wolstenholme Towne (fortified settlement), on James River, east of Jamestown, VA. Popular description of discovery of Wolstenholme Towne (founded in spring of 1619 at Martin’s Hundred, intended plantation on James River ten miles east of Jamestown and now on grounds of Carter’s Grove Plantation). Site use diminished after 1622 massacre; forgotten in 18th century. Major features include earthfast (post-in-ground) house foundations, 4-sided fortified enclosure, refuse pits, graves; major artifacts include 17th-century armor, ceramic, glass, and sundry utilitarian artifacts; artifacts selectively described for historical clues; no quantification or theoretical model presentation.
1937 Grand Portage (Cook County, Minnesota). Indians at Work. Washington.
1785-1803, Northwest Company post, on west shore of Lake Superior, MN. General historical account of post and associated portage.
- Nystuen, David and Carla G. Lindeman
1969 The Excavation of Fort Renville: An Archaeological Report. Ms., Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
First half 19th century, trading post, Chippewa County, MN. Account of 1940-1968 field work.
- Ohno, Mark
1978 Hilton Hotel Site Excavations, Philadelphia. Report, University of Pennsylvania Museum library, Philadelphia.
Okie, R. Brognard
1941 The Recreation of Penn’s Manor. Tredyffrin Easttown History Club Quarterly April and July.
Olds, Dorris L.
1969 Archeological Investigation at Fort Griffin Military Post, Shackelford County, Texas. Ms., University of Texas, TARL, Austin.
1867-1881, military frontier fort, Texas. Site description; archaeological investigation of parade ground, administration building, officers’ quarters, enlisted men’s quarters, library, sutler’s store; includes recommendations.
Olsen, Robert W., Jr.
1969 Status of the Specimen Collection and Completion Report of the Cataloguing of the Waiilatpu Collection. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
19th century, Whitman mission and Fort Walla Walla, Washington. Progress report and index of Waiilatpu collection, exclusive of iron and those specimens catalogued before 1966.
Olsen, Stanley J.
1962 The Old Spanish Fort at St. Marks (Spanish, 1679). Florida Wildlife 16(3):5-11.
1679, Spanish fort, Florida.
1963 Dating Plain Buttons by Their Form. American Antiquity 28(4):551-554.
18th century-present, buttons, primarily British colonial and U. S. archaeological sites, North America. Guide to dating buttons; decorated buttons (notably military types) are relatively simple to identify and date; clues to dating plain buttons are technological and discussed with examples.
1964 Food Animals of the Continental Army at Valley Forge and Morristown. American Archaeologist 29(4):506-509.
1777-1780, Continental U. S. Army, Valley Forge, PA, and Morristown, NJ. Discusses and interprets significance of food bones recovered from hut fireplaces of Washington’s Army.
Olsen, Stanley J. and J. Duncan Campbell
1962 Uniform Buttons as Aids in the Interpretation of Military Sites. Curator 5(4):346-352.
17th-19th century, European buttons, Florida. Discusses button types based on buttons excavated and otherwise found at Florida military posts (San Marcos de Apalache, Castillo de San Marcos, Fort Gadsden, Cedar Key Outpost, Fort Fanning, and Fort Heilman).
Olsen, William H.
1959 Archaeological Investigations at Sutter’s Fort S. H. M. 1959. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Ca. 1839, Spanish colonial, Mexican, U. S. fortified settlement, near Sacramento, CA. Appendix includes Historic ceramics at Sutter’s Fort by Sylvia M. Broadbent; ceramics quantified.
1959 Second Preliminary Report on the 1959 Archaeological Investigations at Sutter’s Fort. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Ca. 1839, Spanish colonial, Mexican, U. S. fortified settlement, near Sacramento, CA.
1961 Archaeological Investigations at Sutter’s Fort S. H. M. 1961. Ms., California Department of Natural Resources, Sacramento.
Ca. 1839, Spanish colonial, Mexican, U. S. fortified settlement and Native American occupation, near Sacramento, CA. Historical and excavation report; written accounts, photos; also pre-Sutter occupation: Historic, Late Horizon, Middle Horizon Indian.
1961 Notes on Salvage Burials from Site 4-SAC-192. Ms. No. 145, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American burials, California.
Olsen, William H. and Francis A. Riddell
1962 Salvage of the Rio Oso site, Yuba County, California. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American site, Yuba County, CA.
1965 The Archaeology of the Western Pacific Railroad Relocation, Oroville Project, Butte County, California. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
19th century, U. S. railroad evidence, Butte County, CA.
Olson, Ronald L.
1930 Chumash Prehistory. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 28:1-21.
Prehistoric-historic (pre-contact), Native American culture (Chumash), California.
1933 Recent Archaeological Work on the Pacific Coast. Fifth Pacific Science Congress 2841-2846.
Historic, Native American-white sites, California. Some historical data recorded in site contexts.
Omwake, H. Geiger
1946 Refuse Pits in the Sinepuxent Neck on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 4(2):2-13.
17th century, British colonial domestic site, Sandy Point, Eastern Shore, MD. Excavation revealed three peach pits found two feet deep in refuse pit lined with clam shells; family tradition cited that peaches may have been introduced by Robins family on their arrival in 1620.
1946 Trade Goods Found in the Sinepuxent Neck on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Delaware 4(3):12-25.
17th century, British colonial sites, Sinepuxent Bay, Eastern Shore, MD. Excavation and underwater survey; describes clay pipes and ceramic fragments recovered from refuse pits and from bottom of Sinepuxent Bay (New Haven Branch).
1955 Concerning T.D.’s. Nassau Archaeological Society, Bulletin 1(1).
1734-ca. 1812, British colonial and U. S. clay tobacco pipes. Discusses possible origins and datings of various types of T.D. pipes; special reference to specimen recovered on Long Island, NY.
1956 Date-bore Correlation in English White Pipe Stems, Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 2(1):3-5.
1620-1780, British colonial pipes, Delaware. Study; a defense of J. C. Harrington’s demonstration that direct correlation exists between size of stem bore of English white clay pipes and period of manufacture; uses datable ceramics from five Delaware sites that demonstrate accuracy of Harrington’s findings.
1957 Report of an Examination of White Clay Pipe Stem Fragments Excavated at Portland Point, New Brunswick. Ms., New Brunswick Museum, St. John, New Brunswick.
17th century, French colonial, mouth of St. John River, New Brunswick, Canada. Contents as per title.
1957 Report on the Examination of a Series of Clay Bowl Fragments Recovered During the 1955 Excavations at Portland Point, New Brunswick. Ms., New Brunswick Museum, St. John, New Brunswick.
17th century, French colonial, mouth of St. John’s River, New Brunswick. Contents as per title.
1961 Peter Dorni White Kaolin Pipes. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 18-19:12-15.
Late 19th century, French-Dutch, eastern United States. Identifies origins of Peter Dorni white clay pipes.
1963 Evaluation of Clay Pipe Bowls, Bowl Fragments and Stem Fragments Recovered at Fort Ligonier and Vicinity. Ms., Fort Ligonier Memorial Foundation, PA.
Ca. 1750, British military site, Fort Ligonier, western Pennsylvania. Analysis of pipes’ excavation.
1963 Evaluation of White Clay Pipe Evidence Recovered from Site of Fort Albany, James Bay, Ontario. Ms., Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario.
1775+, British military site, James Bay, Ontario.
1963 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered at Fort Garrison, Maryland. Ms. for John H. Sprinkle, Baltimore County Historical Society, Maryland.
1760-1790, British and U. S. military (shore defenses) site, Baltimore County, MD.
1963 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from the Site of a John Deere Blacksmith Shop, Grand Detour, Illinois. Ms. for Dr. Elaine Bluhm Harold, Davenport Museum, Davenport, Iowa.
19th century, U. S. manufacturing site, Grand Detour, IL.
1963 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Stem Fragments Found at Town Point on a Narrow Strip of Land Extending West Ward from Navarre, Between Pensacola Bay and Santa Rosa Sound, Western Florida. Ms., in possession of author.
Probably dating to 19th century, Pensacola Bay, FL. Unidentified site as to type and culture.
1964 Evaluation of White Clay Pipes Recovered from a Shipwreck off Deene Island, New Brunswick, Canada. Ms. for Dr. George MacBeath, New Brunswick Museum, St. John, New Brunswick.
Late 18th century, British shipwreck, off Deene Island, New Brunswick.
1964 Evaluation of White Clay Pipe Evidence from Multi-component Site on Northern Tip of Door Peninsula, Northern Wisconsin. Ms. for Donald J. Mason, Lawrence College, Appleton, Wisconsin.
Mid-19th century, U. S. mixed site, northern Wisconsin.
1964 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from Kipp’s Post. Ms. for Alan R. Woolworth, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
1826-1839, U. S. trading post, North Dakota.
1964 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from the Site of Rocky Mountain House No. 2. Ms. for Richard G. Forbis, Glenbow Foundation, Calgary, Alberta.
Ca. 1824-1864, British trading post, on Saskatchewan River, Alberta, Canada. Artifact analysis of pipes.
1964 Evaluation of White Clay Pipe Evidence Recovered from the Site of the Fur Trade Depot at Grand Portage, Wisconsin. Ms. for Alan R. Woolworth, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
1964 Miscellaneous White Kaolin Pipe Fragments from Berrien and Van Buren Counties, Michigan. Ms., in possession of author.
1965 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from Casemate 4, Right, Fortress Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. Ms., Fortress Louisbourg Restoration, Louisbourg, Parks Canada, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Ca. 1720-1760, French military site, Nova Scotia. Artifact analysis of pipes.
1965 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from Site of Log Cabin, Pilot Town Road, Lewes, Delaware. Ms. for Dr. Chesleigh A. Bonine, Lewes Historical Society, Lewes, Delaware.
Ca. 1700-1750, European colonial site, log cabin, near Lewes, DE. Analysis of pipes excavation.
1965 Evaluation of White Kaolin Pipe Evidence Recovered from Site of Santa Rosa, Pensacola, Florida. Ms. for Hale G. Smith, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.
Ca. 1722-1754, Spanish, French, and British colonial site, western Florida.
Omwake, H. Geiger, editor
1948 The Townsend Site. The Archeolog 1(1):2.
17th century, European colonial site, Delaware. Reports circumstances of site’s discovery in 1946 and first excavation of pits and burials following year; T. Dale Stewart’s aid enlisted.
1949 Of Interest. The Archeolog 2(1):1-4.
Last half 17th century, European colonial pipe, Delaware. Initialed clay pipes from the Townsend site are tentatively ascribed to English and Dutch pipemakers and merchants of latter half of 17th century.
1949 Of Interest. The Archeolog 2(1):13-14.
17th century, European colonial site, Delaware. Protohistoric material from pits at the Townsend site; identification of historic materials by Solecki and Miller: 17th century Dutch bricks; Indian clay pipes (in imitation of European imports); round-headed pins dated to period 1607-1615.
1955 Progress Report of the Project Committee. The Archeolog 2(2):9-12.
17th century, the Townsend site, DE. Archaeological report; refuse pits and burials (both primary flexed and bundled) were encountered; European goods found in disturbed area around one pit and in 50-ft. ditch; possible well found (filled with trade-goods loaded soil). All material, including stone artifacts, skeletons, sherds, and mollusk shells, sent to U. S. National Museum for study; set of 41 slides of excavation prepared for lecture use.
1958 Kaolin Pipes from the Schurz Site. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin 29.
18th century, Dutch-British colonial homestead site, Bronx County, NY. Identifies and dates white clay pipe bowls and stems, excavated from ca. 1700-1740 site.
1959 Kaolin Pipes from the Oscar Leibhart Site. In Susquehannock Miscellany. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.
1775+, Dutch colonial homestead, site of Native American (Susquehannock) fortification, York County, PA. Dates white clay pipe bowls and stems excavation from site of homestead; supports postulation that it was site of last Susquehannock fort on Susquehanna River.
1981 The Archaeological Survey of Kerr place, Onancock, Virginia. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
18th-century, Kerr place, Onancock, VA. Discusses archaeological survey to determine effects of proposed landscape alterations near site that dates ca. 18th-20th century; discusses methodology.
Oregon Archaeological Society
1959 Wakemap Mound. Oregon Archaeological Society, Publication No. 1. Portland.
Native American site, Wakemap Mound and vicinity, Long Narrows, Columbia River, OR. Salvage archaeology.
Orr, David G.
1977 Philadelphia as Industrial Archaeological Artifact: A Case Study. Historical Archaeology 11:3-14.
Orr, David G., Brooke S. Blades, and Douglas V. Campana
1985 Archeological Survey within the Virginia Brigade Area, Valley Forge National Historical Park. Report, Valley Forge National Historical Park, Valley Forge, PA.
Orr, David G. and Herbert Levy
1985 The Point Breeze Gas Works. Ms., National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Regional Office, Philadelphia.
Orr, Phil C.
1943 Archaeology of Mescalitan Island and Customs of the Canalino. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Occasional Papers 5:1-61.
Historic, Native American sites, California. Excavations of two sites and proposed correlation of Santa Barbara and Sacramento Valley culture sequence, based on 1939 work of Robert F. Heizer and Franklin Fenanga.
Ortega, Elpidio and Carmen Fondeur
1978 Arqueologia de los Monumentos Historicos de Santo Domingo. Ms., Universidad Central de Este, San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic.
Colonial period sites or artifact categories, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Excavation data brief; concentrates on recovered ceramic artifacts: Spanish majolica and other European wares; sites domestic and commercial, associated with Santo Domingo settlement and development; bibliography in Spanish.
Ortiz Troncoso, Omar R.
1970 Excavacion Arqueologica de la Iglesia del Poblado Hispanico de Rey Don Felipe (Patagonia Austral Chilena). Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia 1(1).
16th century, Spanish colonial church, Straits of Magellan, Chile. Account of excavation of church and graveyard; with English summary.
1971 Rey Don Felipe, Ciudad Hispanica del Siglo XVI en la Patagonia. Su redescrubriminiento por la arqueologia. Madrid: Revista General de Marina.
16th century, Spanish colonial settlements, Straits of Magellan, Chile. Account of excavation.
1949 The Archeological Investigations of Two Sites in the NcNary Reservoir, Washington. Smithsonian Institution, River Basin Surveys, Columbia Basin Project, Eugene.
Historic, Native American site, Columbia River, Oregon. Large number of glass trade beads found in site 45-BN-3 should make it useful for direct historical approach for area. See Osborne 1957.
1957 Excavations in the McNary Reservoir Basin Near Umatilla, Oregon. River Basin Surveys Paper No. 8; Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 166. Washington.
18th-19th century, Native American sites, Umatilla, Oregon. Survey; material on prehistory and historic period; discusses trade goods in historic context (pp. 92-107); listed are copper tube beads, metal pendants, glass beads, iron objects, porcelain, silver, pewter, and buttons.
1951 English Clay Tobacco Pipes. The Archaeological Newsletter (London) 3(10):154-159.
17th-18th century, English white clay pipes, England. Presents typological chronology of English white clay pipes.
1955 The Evolution and Chronology of English Clay Tobacco Pipes. The Archaeological Newsletter (London) 5(12):243-250.
17th-18th century, English clay tobacco pipes. Revision and updating of earlier (1951) typological chronology.
1960 The Archaeology and Economic History of English Clay Tobacco Pipes. Archaeological Association Journal (London) 23(3):40-102.
17th-19th century, English white clay pipe industry, various cities and towns, England. Traces development; presents further updated typological chronology; includes list of more than 2000 pipemakers who worked during 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries in various centers in England. Marks on 18th and 19th century English ceramics are illustrated by drawings and interpreted with dates. This is useful for the specific identification of marks found archaeologically. / Illus.: every mark is drawn. No bibliography.
Oswald, Adrian and R. E. James
1955 Tobacco Pipes of Brosely, Shropshire, Part I. The Archaeological Newsletter (London) 5(10).
17th-18th century, pipemakers, manufacture of clay pipes, Brosely, Shropshire, England. Study of English manufactures of clay pipes; detailed list of pipemakers.
1955 Tobacco Pipes of Brosely, Shropshire, Part II. The Archaeological Newsletter (London) 5(11).
17th-18th century, pipemakers, manufacture of clay pipes, Brosely, Shropshire, England. Study of English manufactures of clay pipes; detailed list of pipemakers.
Oswald, Wendell H.
1965 The Kuskokim River Drainage, Alaska: An Annotated Bibliography. College: University of Alaska.
Mixed cultures, Alaska. Kuskokim River drainage area; contains 483 entries (although less Russian material listed than available). Qualitative evaluations not attempted, but contents listed for wide range of topics and periods, embracing ethnography, history, geology, geography, ecology, public health, and medicine.
Oswald, Wendell H. and James W. Van Stone
1967 The Ethnoarcheology of Crow Village, Alaska. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 199. Washington.
Historic, Native American Eskimo (Crow) village, Alaska. Includes: history, excavation, collections, imported manufactured goods, continuity and innovation, time and change; life at Crow Village: a reconstruction, archaeology, and ethnography (interpretations, literature cited).
Outlaw, Alain Charles
1973 Archaeological Excavations at Gunston Hall, 1973. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
18th century, planter domicile, Gunston Hall, Fairfax County, VA. Investigations; major features include smoke house, trash pit, yard area, possible kitchen; discusses ceramics, glass, and miscellaneous artifacts. Associated historical figure, George Mason.
1974 Excavations at Burkes Corner and Survey of the Skimino Meetinghouse Lot, York County, Virginia. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
18th century, Burkes Corner and Skimino Meetinghouse Lot, York County, VA. Investigations at historic Burkes Corner (domicile); survey of Skimino Meetinghouse (Quaker) site; major artifacts include ceramics, glass, metals, miscellaneous.
1974 Preliminary Excavation at the Mount Shepherd Pottery Site. The Conference on Historic Site Archaeology, Papers 1975, 9:2-12. Columbia, SC.
Ca. 1773-1800, Mount Shepherd pottery site, west of Asheboro, North Carolina. Discusses five-flued circular type earthenware kiln operated on west slope of Mount Shepherd, eight miles west of Asheboro. Major artifacts include: stove tile, tobacco pipes, utilitarian earthenware (plain, decorated slipware); no quantification; work and observations preliminary.
1974 Preliminary Excavations at the Richmond Glass Works: A Mid-Nineteenth Century Industrial Site. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
Mid-19th century, industrial site, Richmond Glass Works, Richmond, VA. Discusses investigation; major artifacts include glass objects, crucibles.
1979 A Most Commodious Plantation: Excavations at the William Drummond Plantation Site, near Jamestown, Virginia. Ms., National Capital Glass Seminar, April 1979.
18th century, William Drummond Plantation site, near Jamestown, Virginia. Archaeological investigations.
1990 Governors Land: Archaeology of Early Seventeenth-Century Settlements. University Press of Virginia, Charlottsville.
Owen, Roger C. and Freddie Curtis
1960 The Glen Annie Canyon Site: SBa-142, a Report of Excavations Conducted in Santa Barbara County, California. University of California Archaeological Survey. Also State of California Division of Beaches and Parks, Ms. No. 97 (1960).
Prehistoric-19th and 20th century, coastal Native American, Santa Barbara County, California. Site SBa-142, shell midden highway salvage test; prehistoric except for superficial recent debris.
- Packard, Vance
1972 Salvage Archaeology at Valley Forge. Pennsylvania Heritage 5(4).
1973 Valley Forge Interim Report [pp. 1-5]. Report, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.
Painter, Floyd E.
1956 The Helmet Site. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 10(3).
Early 17th century, British colonial helmet, Tidewater Virginia. Describes shot-tested (dented) pikeman’s helmet found on military reservation on York Peninsula, near Jamestown. Helmet subsequently displayed at National Park Service museum at Jamestown.
1959 The Chesopean Site. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 13(3):8.
17th century, Native American and British colonial contact, Virginia. Discusses site on southeast shore of Lake Joyce that gave evidence of occupation from Archaic through three phases of Woodland to contact; some details of early historic settlement given.
Palais, Hyman and Adan E. Treganza
1958 Natural Resources of Northwestern California: Preliminary Report on History and Archeology. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, northwestern California. Succinct review of earlier archaeological and ethnological investigations in this portion of California; provides basis for recommending eight historic and prehistoric village sites for preservation by National Park Service; sites to provide representation of living sites of ethnographic Yurok, Karok, and Hupa tribal groups.
Palmer, Arlene M.
1979 A Philadelphia Glasshouse, 1794-1797. Journal of Glass Studies 21:102-114.
1964 Archaeological Report on Pen Adobe at 4-SOL-30. Ms., State of California, Director of Parks and Recreation, Sacramento.
18th century, Pen Adobe, CA.
Parker, Arthur C.
1907 An Erie Village and Burial Site at Ripley, Chautaugua County, New York. New York State Museum, Bulletin 117(14).
Prehistoric-contact, Native American (Erie) site, near Ripley, Chautaugua County, NY. Scarcity of European artifacts suggests Ripley site had only indirect contact with whites or occupied only short time during historic period.
1918 An Early Colonial Seneca Site. New York State Archaeological Association, Researches and Transactions 1(11):1-36.
Early contact, Native American (Seneca) site, New York. Geomorphology and artifact inventory of site.
1920 The Ripley Erie Site. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 235-236:124-305.
Native American (Erie), the Ripley site, NY. Compilation of early reports, notably Parker’s of 1907.
1922 Archaeological History of New York. New York State Museum, Bulletins 5:235-238:471-725.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, New York. Atlas with illustrations compiled with assistance of local informants.
1979 Archeology at Area F, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1979 Excavations at the “Seed House” at Bartram’s Garden, Philadelphia, 1979. Report by Museum Institute for Conservation Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
1979 Geophysical and Aerial Prospecting Techniques at Valley Forge National Historical Park, Pennsylvania. Journal of Field Archaeology 6(2):193-201.
1979 Report on the Excavation of Part of the Virginia Brigade Encampment, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania 1972-1973. Report to National Park Service from Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
1979- Revolutionary War Archaeology at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. North American Archaeologist 1(2):161-176.
1980 Archeology at Sansom Street, Area F, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1979. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1980 Archaeology at Wyck, Germantown, PA. Report by Museum Institute for Conservation Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
1980 Salvage Archeology at Area F, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1981 Medical Archaeology in Philadelphia: A Study of Early Twentieth Century Medicine Bottles Excavated at Bartram’s Garden. Expedition 23(3):34-38.
1981 Salvage Archaeology at the State in Schuylkill Fishing Club, Andalusia, Bucks County, PA. Report to the State in Schuylkill Fishing Club, Andalusia, PA.
1983 The History and Archaeology of Philadelphia Roads, Streets, and Utility Lines. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 53(3):19-31.
1984 An Archaeological and Historical Investigation of the Burial Ground at Old St. Paul’s Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to J. S. Cornell and Sons from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
1984 Frederick Graff: Waterworks Engineer Par Excellence. American Public Works Association Reporter 4-5.
1987 Cemetery Archaeology in the Urban Environment: A Case Study from Philadelphia. In Living in Cities: Current Research in Urban Archaeology, Society for Historical Archaeology, Special Publication Series No. 5, pp. 56-64. Ann Arbor.
Parrington, Michael, George Cress, and Evelyn M. Tidlow
1986 A Phase II Archaeological Survey of the Block Bounded by Callowhill Street, Seventeenth Street, and Franklintown Boulevard (Parcel 9), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Forest City Dillon from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
Parrington, Michael and Robert F. Hoffman
1984 A Preliminary Archaeological Survey of Pennypacker Mills, Perkiomen Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Report to Montgomery County Department of Parks and Historic Sites from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
Parrington, Michael and Karen Lind
1985 A Phase I Archaeological Survey of the Site of the Former Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Health Center Facilities Committee, University of Pennsylvania, from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
Parrington, Michael, Stephanie Pinter, and Thomas Struthers
1986 Occupations and Health Amongst Early Nineteenth Century Black Philadelphians. MASCA Journal 8(1):37-41.
Parrington, Michael and Daniel G. Roberts
1984 The First African Baptist Church Cemetery: An Archaeological Glimpse of Philadelphia’s Nineteenth Century Free Black Community. Archaeology 37(6):26-32.
1990 Demographic, Cultural, and Bioanthropological Aspects of a Nineteenth-Century Free Black Population in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In A Life in Science: Papers in Honor of J. Lawrence Angel, Jane E. Buikstra, editor, pp. 138-170. Scientific Papers of the Center for American Archaeology No. 6.
Parrington, Michael, Daniel G. Roberts, Stephanie A. Pinter, and Janet C. Wideman
1989 The First African Baptist Church Cemetery: Bioarchaeology, Demography, and Acculturation of Early Nineteenth Century Philadelphia Blacks. Report to Redevelopment Authority of the City of Philadelphia from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
Parrington, Michael and Helen Schenck
1979 Salvage Archaeology and Science at Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia. MASCA Journal 1(3):78-79.
1982 Historical Literature Review and Archaeological Recommendations for Route 291, Chester City, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Report to Portfolio Associates, Philadelphia, and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Harrisburg.
Parrington, Michael, Helen Schenck, and Jacqueline Thibaut
1984 The Material World of the Revolutionary War Soldier at Valley Forge. In The Scope of Historical Archaeology, David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier, editors, pp. 125-161. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Parrington, Michael and Janet Wideman
1986 The Archaeology of a Black Philadelphia Cemetery: Acculturation in an Urban Setting. Expedition 28(1):59-62.
1977 Archeological survey of the Richards Estate. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Housing project impact on historic Richards Estate, MA.
Parsons, John E.
1952 Gunmakers for the American Fur Company. New York Historical Society, Quarterly 36(2).
19th century, U. S., gunmakers, American Fur Company, Northwest Coast and Plateau.
Patrick, Steven Edward
1987 Deposited in This City: The Archeological Evidence of Philadelphia, the Capital City, 1790 to 1800. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
Patterson, Mary S.
1962 Rescuing Caleb Pusey’s House: A 1683 Pennsylvania Gem. Upland, PA: Caleb Pusey House.
1962 Saving a Seventeenth Century Pennsylvania Home. Germantown Historical Society, The Germantowne Crier, September.
Payen, Louis A.
1960 Preliminary Report No. 2 of Archaeological Investigations at Sutter’s Fort. Ms. No. 86, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
19th century, Anglo and Spanish settlement, near Sacramento.
1961 Excavations at Sutter’s Fort 1960. Ms., State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Ca. 1847, Anglo and Spanish fortified settlement, near Sacramento. Summarizes 1955-1960 archaeological investigations; discusses building materials and artifacts.
Payen, Louis A., Lyle R. Scott, and J. M. McEachern
1969 Archaeological Reconnaissance in the Melones Reservoir, Calaveras and Tuolumne Counties, California, 1968 Season. Ms., Central California Archaeological Foundation, Sacramento.
Ca. 1850-1920s, California Gold Rush, New Melones Reservoir, Mother Lode belt of Central Sierra Nevada, Stanislaus River and tributaries, northern California. Survey of 107 prehistoric and 22 historic sites; includes most important old town, Melones, where Gold Rush associated activities began around 1850 and reached extensive proportions until 1920s.
Pearson, Charles E.
1977 Evidence of Early Spanish Contact on the Georgia Coast. Historical Archaeology 11:74-83.
Ca. 1540-1560, early Spanish contact, Taylor Mound site, St. Simons Island, Georgia coast. Discusses earliest evidence of use of European items by Indians; prehistoric Indian mound with intrusive burials; major artifacts: 6 tubular glass beads (Nueva Cadiz Plain and Nueva Cadiz Twisted; square in cross section with ground ends), 9 copper coins (extremely worn; one coin an early maravedies of reign of Charles I of Spain, estimated dates 1517-1530s), iron sheath knife, 2 iron spikes.
Peason, Emerson L., Susan A. Carter, Marshall R. Eiserer, William G. Payne, and Robert L. Stiba
1975 Archeological Investigation at Fort McKavett. Washington: National Park Service.
1850s-1883, U. S. military, Menard County, TX. Excavation; records extant architectural detail at sites of three military post structures (headquarters building, bakery, and barracks).
Peets, Orville H.
1949 Report of the Project Committee. The Archeolog 2(1):2-3.
Native American contact, Townsend site, DE. Interim report of amateur excavations project; trade goods identification noted; 77 of 85 known pits have been excavated; 58 burials sent to U. S. National Museum; summarizes search for old deed ledgers.
1952 [Untitled] A Preliminary Account of an Investigation on Lewes Creek near Lewes, Delaware, on the Supposed Site of Zwaanendael, the First Dutch Settlement on the Delaware River. The Archeolog (Nov.):1-5.
Possibly 1631-1632, Dutch colonial settlement, Lewes Creek, Delaware River, DE. Preliminary note on site and methods of investigation employed by C. A. Bonine; evidence of wooden palisade, possibly of Zwaanendael settlement (1631-1632.).
Peets, Orville H., editor
1951 Examination and Report of the Old House Site and the Burning of Lewes in 1673. The Archeolog 3(3):1-3.
1630-1775, Dutch colonial, British colonial, Lewes, DE. Site had two structures. Earlier one burned, possibly identified with Wiltbank house (destroyed, 1683, by horsemen sent by Charles Calvert of Maryland to destroy Lewes settlement); material dates from 1630-1775, most from 1750-1760. The end of second house dated to ca. 1750 by C. Malcolm Watkins; artifacts include: paring chisel, bottle sherd, pewter fork, and salt-glazed stoneware.
Pendergast, David M. and Clement W. Meighan
1958 The Greasy Creek Site, Tulare County, California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 1958:1-10.
Historic, Native American (probable Yokuts) village, Greasy Creek site, Tulare County, CA. Indications that occupation began in earlier period; artifacts include: choppers, scrapers, hammerstones, knives, grinding implements; late phase characterized by small triangular projectile points, pottery, olivella bead, steatite beads, and steatite vessels; house pits, bedrock mortars, two burials, and cremation also found; use of mechanical aids to excavation briefly discussed.
Pepper, George H.
1920 Pueblo Bonito. New York: American Museum of Natural History.
Prehistory-contact, Native American pueblo settlement, New Mexico. Primarily Pepper’s notes covering field work of Hyde Expeditions, end of 19th century; work largely superseded by work of Neil M. Judd (Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 124).
Pepper, S. Kathleen
1982 A Quantification of the Ceramics from Deer Chase 44MX7. Ms., Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Williamsburg.
Study of ceramics recovered from ca. 1740 Deer Chase House, Middlesex County, VA. Artifacts not systematically recovered from debris-filled cellar in structure partially destroyed by ca. 1810-1820 fire; Deer Chase House is British colonial to American Federal domestic site, ca. 18th-early 19th century; English ceramics (major artifact group); discusses recovery and analysis theory.
Persons, Merk L.
1967 Archeological Investigations in Crosby and Dickens Counties, Texas, During the Winter, 1966-67. State Building Commission, Report No. 7. Austin.
Late 18th century, Native American (Comanche), western Texas. Morgan Jones site (rock shelter burial) is major historical site described; others are: Pete Creek, Grape Creek, Collett Springs, Red Mud Springs, and Dockum Springs sites (some have historical indications).
Petersen, Eugene T.
1962 Michilimackinac, Its History and Restoration. Mackinac Island: Mackinac Island State Park Commission.
1715-1780, French colonial and British colonial, frontier fort (Fort Michilimackinac), Mackinaw City, Straits of Mackinac, MI. Briefly summarizes history of Fort Michilimackinac and some of historical and archaeological research that preceded reconstruction of fort; illustrations include French well and British trader’s house.
1963 Some 18th Century Clay Pipes Found at Mackinac. Michigan Archaeologist 9(1):1-11.
1715-1780, French colonial and British colonial, frontier fort, Great Lakes, MI. Catalogue of pipe makers’ marks noted from excavations at Fort Michilimackinac through 1961; plates of makers’ marks.
1964 Gentlemen on the Frontier, a Pictorial Record of the Culture of Michilimackinac. Mackinac Island: Mackinac Island State Park Commission.
18th century, French colonial and British colonial military post, Lake Michigan, Straits of Mackinac, Michigan. Illustrations of artifacts found at Fort Michilimackinac integrated with text; subjects include: soldiers and their fort, inhabitants and their homes, traders and their business, inhabitants and their religion; appendix shows groups of artifacts related to above subjects.
Peterson, Charles E.
1936 Some Recent Discoveries at Jamestown. Antiques 29(5):192-194.
17th century, British colonial settlement, Jamestown Island, Tidewater Virginia. Reports primary excavations; notes categories of significant artifacts first recovered; early, incomplete data. See John L. Cotter (1959).
Peterson, Harold L.
1952 The Helmet Found at San Gabriel del Yunque, New Mexico. El Palacio 59(9):283-287.
Late 16th-early 17th century, Spanish colonial helmet, San Gabriel del Yunque, NM. Detailed report on helmet bowl of archer’s salade found at Onate’s capital city of 1590s; specimen is one of nine known 16th-17th century armor pieces found in United States; is oldest of the group; of type worn by crossbowmen or arqebussiers.
Peterson, Jennie E.
1968 A Study of Trails in North Kohala. Arch North Kohala St Arch J 69(2).
Historic contact-1900, trails, North Kohala, Island of Hawaii. Survey; describes foot, horse, and wheeled vehicle trails from ahupua’a of Kaihooa to ahupua’a of Awalua; historic accounts noted and classifications given.
Philhower, Charles A.
1953 The Historic Minisink Country, Part I. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 7:1-9.
17th-18th century, Native American (Delawares) and British colonial contact site, New Jersey. Presents 17th and 18th century documentary and cartographic evidence relating to Minisink area and Delaware Indians; aerial photograph of Minisink site (probably main village of Munsee Delawares).
1954 The Historic Minisink Country, Part II. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 8:1-7.
17th century, Native American (Munsee Delaware) contact site, New Jersey. Includes extracts from Edward S. Dalrymple’s excavation notebooks (1893-1894) from Minisink burial ground; twelve skeletons with European grave goods unearthed; discusses historical documentation relating to Munsee territory.
Pierce, Eben D., George H. Squier, and Louise Phelps Kellog
1916 Remains of a French Post near Trempealeau. Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin No. 167.
Ca. 1686-1689, French colonial military site (possibly Fort St. Antoine), WI. Post located and partially excavated; archaeological material by Pierce and Squier; includes historical sketch by Kellog; data for related frontier military sites.
Pilling, Arnold R.
1949 Glazed Ceramics of the Farallon Islands. Ms., Lowie Museum, University of California, Berkeley.
1811-ca. 1860, Russian colonial hunting site (1811-1838); United States eggers and lighthouse attendants, 1849-ca. 1860, main Farallon Island, CA. Several areas on island; record of 185 sherds, nearly all North Staffordshire wares; John Goins illustrated four plates.
1950 Newport Tower: An Answer to Mr. Godfrey. Archaeology 3(Sep.):183.
Supposed Norse structure near Newport, RI. Supporter of Norse Theory counters Godfrey’s views based on archaeological work that argue 17th century colonial origin of tower.
1951 Glazed Ceramics — Relationships in California — From the Farallon Islands, California, Excavations, April 1949. Ms., University of California, Berkeley.
19th century, settlement on Farallon Islands, San Francisco County, California. Determination of Russian and/or U. S. occupation of the sites; analysis of ceramics, excavation.
1952 California Mission Majolica. Ms., Lowie Museum, University of California, Berkeley.
Ca. 1770-1825, missions sites, Spanish and Mexican California. Discusses Majolica sherd evidence.
1958 Local History and Local Archaeology — City Dump, WN-H-2. Detroit Historical Society Bulletin 16(1):4-10.
Ca. 1920, U. S. rubbish dump, Detroit, MI. Discusses artifacts, chiefly bottles, sherds.
1958 Local History and Local Archaeology — Harper Woods Log Cabin WN-H-1. Detroit Historical Society Bulletin 16(1):5-6.
Ca. 1850-1958, U. S. log cabin, Harper Blvd., Harper Woods, MI. Discusses roof pins, bark from logs, sherds from beneath wooden floor.
1958 Local History and Local Archaeology — WN-H-5. Detroit Historical Society Bulletin 16(1):7.
Late 19th century, sherds, including jetware, Detroit. Excavation; description of ceramics.
1960 Alexander Blain Hospital. Ms., Department of Anthropology, Wayne State University, Detroit.
Ca. 1840-1850, U. S. dump site, Detroit. Discusses artifacts from salvage archaeology, primarily glazed ceramic sherds.
1960 Michigan Consolidated Gas Company Site. Ms., Department of Anthropology, Wayne State University, Detroit.
Ca. 1818-1853, U. S. urban site, present north side of Jefferson Ave., Detroit. Salvage work on sites; cellars of leather-worker’s shop, root cellar, and dumps; lists leather fragments, ceramic sherds, Mexican dollar, glassware, and floral remains.
1963 Fort Lernoult Excavations. Ms., Department of Anthropology, Wayne State University, Detroit.
1778-early 20th century, military then civilian site, Detroit. British fort (1778-1796, 1812-1813); U. S. fort (1796-1812, 1813-ca. 1826); U. S. civilian dump (ca. 1826-1835-early 20th century). Salvage archaeology; describes: fragments of wooden palisade, twig layers to weigh down clay fill in bottom of dry moat, line of pickets; treenails, iron nails, wood chips from construction of palisade (in situ), bark layers; brick fragments; Canton ware sherds, majolica sherds; small cannon balls, swan shot, and U. S. military button.
1965 Skyscraper Archaeology: Pontchartrain Hotel Excavations’ Artifacts. Clinton Valley Chapter, Michigan Archaeological Society 4(3):4-7.
Mid-19th century, redump location, Detroit, Michigan. Salvage excavation on site of demolished hotel. Specific dump collections: U. S. civilian (ca. 1820, 1832, 1842, 1848); major collection: ceramic importer’s dump (ca. 1832) containing 700 restorable North Staffordshire vessels, plus many fragments; also sherds from ca. 1780-1848 in various contexts; comb fragments, ca. 1832 gun flints.
1966 Life at Porter Site 8, Midland County, Michigan. Michigan Archaeologist 12(4):235-248.
Contact (ca. 1600) Native American site, Michigan. Entire issue devoted to Edge Area Archaeology; probable social life at archaeological site from comparison of ethnographic data on related culture with ground evidence as observed at eight lodge features of site; illustrations include lodge plans.
1968 A Use of Historical Sources in Archaeology: An Indian Earthworks near Mt. Clemens, Michigan. Ethnohistory 15(2):152-202.
18th century, presumed Wyandott site, MI. Exhaustive review of historical references and inferences.
1936 Repair and Restoration of Tumacacori — 1921. Ms., National Park Service, Coolidge, AZ.
18th century, Spanish colonial mission, Arizona and northern Sonora. Reprint of report made to Washington in 1921 of repairs and restoration made; size of bricks, timbers; artifacts found; the treasure; the treasure manuscript.
Pinkney, C. Coatsworth
1938 Habitation of Port Royal, Arcadie, New France, Lower Granville, Nova Scotia: Skeleton Report to Accompany Plans and Profiles Derived from Research Excavations. Ms., Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Historic Sites Service, Ottawa, Ontario.
17th century, French colonial, Nova Scotia. Contents as per title; summarized in Investigations of the Canadian Historical Society No. 1:13 (1966) as a possible cellar filled with rubble.
Plowden, William W., Jr.
1958 Spanish and Mexican Majolica Found in New Mexico. El Palacio 65(6):212-219.
Historic sites, majolica, New Mexico. Discusses and classifies by types sherds found in various New Mexico historic sites; no illustrations.
Poe, Stephen R.
1963 Archaeological Excavation at Fort Gadsden, Florida. Florida State University, Notes in Anthropology 8:1-35.
Ca. 1814, U. S. fort, Franklin County, FL. Excavation (1961-1962 field work) and artifacts.
Pohl, Frederick J.
1954 Plaster under the Newport Tower. American Antiquity 19(3):275-277.
Supposed Norse structure near Newport, Rhode Island. Supporter of Norse theory counters archaeological evidence of Godfrey, American Antiquity 19(3):277-279.
Polushkin, E. P.
1939 The Drake Plate: Investigations of Colin G. Fink and E. P. Polushkin. San Francisco: California Historical Society.
Possible 16th century, British exploration, Drake’s Bay, CA.
Pouliot, Adrien and Silvio Dumas
1960 L’exploit du Long-Sault: Les Emoignages des Contemporains. Quebec: Universite Laval.
17th century, French colonial, military site, Long-Sault, near Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Deals with Dollard des Ormeaux.
Powell, B. Bruce
1957 The Archeology of Old Philadelphia: The Independence National Historical Park Area. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial, administrative center, Philadelphia. Discusses archaeological excavation and finds at colonial sites and buildings, Independence National Historical Park.
1957 Exploratory Excavation in the Basement of the John Wagner Building, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial site, Philadelphia. Discusses artifacts; site analysis.
1958 Archeological Data. In Historic Building Report on Bishop White House. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1958 Archeological Investigation of Carpenter’s Court, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial, brick-lined pit or cistern, Philadelphia. The court.
1958 A Brief Report on The Archeological Status of City Tavern Site. Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial tavern, Philadelphia. Includes history of site, results of demolition, recommendation.
1958 Dock Creek Archeology: Archeological Project 13. Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial, creek covered over for city street, Philadelphia. Recommendations for archaeological excavation of Dock Creek.
1959 Archeological Data. In Historic Grounds Report, Independence Square. Report, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia.
1959 Archeological Evidence of Historic Grades, West Side, Dilworth-Todd-Moylan House. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial house, Philadelphia. Discusses excavation and conclusions.
1959 Archeological Investigations, East Passageway, Second Bank of the United States, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
Ca. 1825, U. S. banking building, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia. Discusses excavation and conclusions.
1962 The Archeology of Franklin Court, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
18th century, British colonial and U. S., the Market Street houses built by Benjamin Franklin, Philadelphia. Includes excavation notes and appendices.
1962 Problems of Urban Archaeology. American Anthropologist 27(4):580-583.
Historical sites, urban U. S. Comments on logistics and costs of archaeological projects in cities.
1962 Report of The Archeological Excavation in Old City Hall, Independence National Historical Park. Ms., National Park Service, Philadelphia.
Post-1780, U. S., public building, Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia. Discusses excavation of privy pit, artifacts.
Pratt, Peter P.
1961 Oneida Iroquois Glass Trade Bead Sequence, 1585-1745. Rome, NY: Fort Stanwix Museum.
16th-18th century, Native American (Iroquois) villages, New York. Brief and tentative text; includes double color plate of trade beads.
Prentice, R. A.
1934 Were the Makers of Chupadero Pottery the Jumanos Tribe of Indians? El Palacio 37(5-6):33-39.
17th century, Native American cultural study, southeast New Mexico. Attempts to link Chupadero ware to Rio Grande Valley group — scant evidence; Jumanos tribe (up Rio Grande River from mouth of Conchas River) associated with pueblo ruins and pictographs of men on horseback and a wagon wheel.
1975 Washington Mountain Brook Watershed Archeological Survey Report. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Washington Mountain Brook Watershed survey, Massachusetts.
Price, George E., Jr.
1974 A Preliminary Archaeological Survey of the Hamilton-Van Wagoner House Site. Ms., Clifton Historical Commission, Clifton, NJ.
18th-19th century, colonial farmhouse (Hamilton-Van Wagoner House), Clifton, NJ. Brief report of salvage archaeology conducted after structure was moved and area considerably disturbed by earth moving equipment.
Pritchard, William E.
1968 Preliminary Archaeological Investigations at El Castillo, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, California. Ms., Central California Archaeological Foundation, Sacramento.
1793-1850, Spanish and Mexican period, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey, CA. Full archaeological excavation and description of Spanish, then Mexican bastion and barracks.
Prud’homme, Louis Arthur
1916 Excavations at the Site of Fort St. Charles, Lake of the Woods Co., Minnesota, Built 1732. Bulletin of the Historical Society of St. Boniface 5(2):129-152. Reprinted Royal Society of Canada, Proceedings and Transactions 11(Series 2) (1916).
18th century, French colonial, frontier fort, Great Lakes region, Minnesota. Account of ca. 1908 excavations by Society of Jesus; collections subsequently destroyed by fire.
Pullen, Myrick W., III
1970 Numerical Analysis of a Palus Burial Site. Master’s thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.
1850-1910, Native American Palus Indians, Plateau area, Washington. Contents largely on beads.
Pulsipher, Lydia M. and Conrad M. Goodwin
1982 Galways: A Caribbean Sugar Plantation. Ms., University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Primarily 18th-19th century, large sugar plantation (Galways), southern end of island of Montserrat, West Indies. Reports on first field season of long range interdisciplinary project involving archaeology, geography, history, anthropology, and related disciplines; English island, Irish-owned plantation with African laborers. Concerned primarily with 1750-1850 time frame, but discusses both earlier and later periods. Major features: sugar boiling house, windmill, animal mill, greathouse, slave quarters, etc.
Putnam, Frederic W.
1876 Iron Implements and Other Articles Obtained by Contact with the Europeans. United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian 7:251-262. Washington.
Contact trade, Native American, Santa Barbara area, CA. Articles obtained from sites in Santa Barbara area.
- Quimby, George I., Jr.
1936 Notes on Indian Trade Silver Ornaments in Michigan. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Papers 22:15-24.
1775-1812, Native American and white trade, Great Lakes, U. S. and Canada. Study of two collections of trade silver one at Kent Scientific Museum, Grand Rapids, one at Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; half the specimens British (many from Montreal).
1937 Dated Indian Burials in Michigan. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Papers 23:63-72.
Late 18th-19th century, Native American (Ottawa-Potawatomi) burials, Michigan. Trade objects utilized to date and link prehistoric and historic Native American evidence.
1938 European Trade Articles as Chronological Indications for the Archaeology of the Historic Period in Michigan. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Papers 24(4):25-31.
1700-1825, French colonial and British colonial, frontier fort (Fort St. Joseph), Niles, Michigan. Two historic periods illustrated; reveals relationships between known ethnic groups and prehistoric cultures.
1941 Indian Trade Objects in Michigan and Louisiana. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Papers 27:543-551.
1700-1760, French colonial and Native American, trade goods, Mississippi Valley. Demonstrates that same types of trade objects occur in Great Lakes area (Fort St. Joseph, MI) and lower Mississippi sites (Angola farm, Bayogoula, and Fatherland plantation near Natchez). Objects include: glass beads, bottles, earthenware, pipes, brass, and copper articles, iron objects, guns, religious artifacts, coins, bale seals, vermilion, etc.
1948 Culture Contact on the Northwest Coast, 1785-1795. American Anthropologist 50(2):247-255.
1785-1795, Eurasian contact, Northwest Coast, North America. Survey of published sources concerning Chinese, Hawaiians, Blacks, and Philipinos among polyglot crews of European and American vessels trading on Northwest Coast; useful in relating cultural evidence in historical sites to historical evidence of Eurasian influence.
1958 New Evidence Links Chippewa to Prehistoric Culture. Chicago Natural History [Field] Museum, Bulletin 29(1):7-8. Chicago.
Contact, Native American (Chippewa) culture, eastern U. S. Association of European and aboriginal artifacts indicates Chippewa were part of Woodland culture.
1960 Indian Life in the Upper Great Lakes: 11,000 BC — AD 1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Prehistoric-19th century, Native American, Upper Great Lakes. Historical and ethnological background of Upper Great Lakes.
1963 The Gros Cap Cemetery Site in Mackinac County, Michigan. Michigan Archaeologist 9(4):50-57.
18th century, Native American, burial site, Michigan. Data on cemetery, including goods of European manufacture; generally dating from first half of 18th century.
1966 Indian Culture and European Trade Goods: The Archaeology of the Historic Period in the Western Great Lakes. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
17th-19th century, trade goods, Native American sites, western Great Lakes. Discusses first 12,000 years of Native American culture before and then contact with the French; dating techniques for jew’s-harps, Jesuit rings, glass beads, trade silver; archaeology of three periods (1610-1670, 1670-1760, 1760-1820); concludes with discussion of archaeology of a Chippewa family, 1760-1820; appendix discusses beads from specific sites.
- Raber, Paul A., editor
1985 A Comprehensive State Plan for the Conservation of Archaeological Resources. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Historic Preservation Planning Series No. 1. Harrisburg.
- Rackerby, Frank E.
1965 The Archaeology of the Middle Fork American River Project, Placer County, California. Ms., Placer Water Agency, Frederic Burk Foundation for Education, San Francisco State College, San Francisco.
19th century, U. S. camp sites, Gold Rush in the Mother Lode, American River, Placer County, CA.
- Rahman, Fazlur
1971 Boots and Shoes from Fort Beausejour. Ms., Department of Native American and Northern Affairs, National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, Ottawa.
18th century, French and British, boot and shoe making, Fort Beausejour, National Historic Park, New Brunswick. Includes: condition of leather, preservation, general make of Beausejour shoe, total of shoe parts (insoles, outsoles and midsoles, heels and heel lifts, vamps, quarters and quarter straps, welts, arch supports, side reinforcements); moccasins (methods of manufacture; style; dating and origin).
- Ralph, Elizabeth and Michael Parrington
1979 Patterns of the Past: Geophysical and Aerial Reconnaissance at Valley Forge. Report to National Park Service from Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, PA.
- Ray, Cyrus N. and Edward B. Jelks
1396 1964 The W. H. Watson Site: A Historic Indian Burial in Fisher County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 35:129-141.
1820-1840, Native American and European contact site, Texas frontier. Describes burial with European trade items, suggesting trade in southern Plains in first half of 19th century; artifacts: beads, rings, textiles, and iron tools.
- Reagan, Albert B.
1928 The Small House Ruins of the Slab-House and Black-on-White Pottery Series in the Cornfields — Hopi Volcanic Buttes’ Field, in the Navaho Country, Arizona. El Palacio 25(3-5):58-76.
Survey, 280 Hopi and Navajo ruins, AZ. Of 280 ruins examined, 80% are small house type; associated pottery described.
- Reed, Adele
1961 Old Bottles and Ghost Towns. Bishop, California: Chalfont Press.
1902-?, bottles from mining towns, California and Nevada. Includes: Aurora Teel’s Marsh, Austin, Belleville, Belmont, Candelaria, Eureka, Goldfield, Manhattan, Sutro, Tonopah, Virginia City (all Nevada); Bodie, Big Pine, Blind Springs Hill, Mammoth City, California.
1963 Let’s Go Bottle Hunting. Desert Magazine 26(2):12-15.
Late 19th century, bottles from mining camps, Southwest and southern California. Discusses and identifies 19th and early 20th century bottles found in western mining camps.
- Reed, Erik K.
n.d. The Southern Tewa Pueblos in the Historic Period. National Park Service, Southwestern Laboratory, Tucson.
1938 Burials at Mission Espiritu Santo. Central Texas Archeology 4:9-20.
18th century, Native American burials, Spanish colonial mission, near Goliad, southern Texas.
1943 The Southern Tewa Pueblos in the Historic Period. El Palacio 50(11):254-265; 50(12):276-288.
1610-1680, Pueblo sites and Spanish colonial mission, New Mexico. Summary of history of Tewa pueblos; reports results of archaeological site survey; discusses Tano missions (San Marcos, Galisteo, San Cristobal, and San Lazaro).
1954 Test Excavations at San Marcos Pueblo. El Palacio 61:323-343.
Late prehistoric-17th century, mission period, Native American pueblo, Galisteo Basin, south of Santa Fe, NM. Limited comments on limited tests concentrating on prehistoric evidence; includes reference to N. C. Nelson’s unpublished field notes (at Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe) from extensive tests in 1915.
- Reed, Erik K. and Dale S. King, editors
1950 Hispanic Pottery as a Guide in Historical Studies. Santa Fe: Southwestern Monuments Association.
Spanish Mission period, Hispanic pottery, Arizona and New Mexico. Traces origin of glazed potteries from Spain to Mexico; describes periods of majolica manufacture; describes additional pottery wares found on mission sites in Southwest.
- Reinman, Fred M.
1960 First and Second Progress Reports on Archaeological Investigations at Whale Rock Damsite. Ms. No. 94, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-18th and 19th century contact, Native American sites, Whale Rock Damsite, Cavucos, California. Survey; brief mention of contact artifacts.
1961 Archaeological Investigations at Whale Rock Reservoir, Cavucos, California. Ms. No. 95, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Prehistoric-18th and 19th century contact, Native American sites, Whale Rock Damsite, Cavucos, CA. Survey.
- Reiter, Paul
1938 The Jemez Pueblo of Unshagi, New Mexico, with Notes on the Earlier Excavations at “Amoxiumqua” and “Guisewa.” School of American Research and Museum of New Mexico, Monograph 1(4)(Part 3). Albuquerque.
Prehistoric-17th century, mission period, Native Americans and Spanish colonial contact, New Mexico. Discusses archaeological work done at Spanish-period Giusewa and its San Diego de Jemez mission; also discusses Spanish-period Amoziumqua; mentions Venetian beads, iron artifacts, pottery sconces, and china.
- Renaud, E. B.
1931 An Unique Indian Pictograph from Southeastern Colorado. El Palacio 30(11-12):175-178.
Native American contact site, southeastern Colorado. Discusses pictograph that apparently depicts individual with smallpox; evidence presented for case.
1937 Pictographs and Petroglyphs of Colorado — III. Southwestern Lore 3(1):12-19.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, pictographs and petroglyphs, Colorado. Discusses pictographs and petroglyphs in upper and middle Arkansas Valley; succession of styles postulated.
1937 Pictographs and Petroglyphs of Colorado — V. Southwestern Lore 3(3):45-48.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, pictographs and petroglyphs, Colorado. Pictographs fell into three periods (most recent showed men on horse back); style, technique, and patination correspond closely to Apishapa River.
1953 Some Anthropomorphic Petroglyphs and Pictographs. El Palacio 60(7):283-296.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, petroglyphs and pictographs, Colorado. Attempts to relate some petroglyphs and pictographs to socio-cultural matrices.
- Reynolds, Elmer R.
1883 Aboriginal Cemeteries near Piscataway, Maryland. Smithsonian Institution, Miscellaneous Collections 25 (1880).
Contact, Native American cemetery sites, Maryland. Trade goods, including glass beads and coins minted by Charles II, mentioned as coming from cemeteries between Farmington and Piscataway.
- Rhode Island Historical Society
1925 Report upon the Objects Excavated at the Jireh Bull House and Now in the Museum of the Rhode Island Historical Society. Rhode Island Historical Society Collections 18(3):83-90.
17th century, British colonial, (Jireh Bull House), RI.
- Rice, David G.
1965 Commentary on Archaeological Findings at Old Man House on Puget Sound. Washington Archaeologist 9(1):2-9.
Historic, Native American, Old Man House, Puget Sound, WA.
1968 Archaeological Reconnaissance Hanford Atomic Works. Report to Atomic Energy Commission and National Park Service, San Francisco from Laboratory of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, U. S. military site, Ben Franklin Reservoir area, Columbia River, WA. Survey; discusses 26 sites and 3 localities revealed during reconnaissance; One historic site (45-FR-266) included and discussed (pp. 16, 20).
1969 Archaeological Investigations in the Coulee Dam National Recreation Area. Washington State University, Laboratory of Anthropology, Report of Investigations No. 45. Pullman.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American, European, and U. S., Coulee Dam National Recreation area, WA. Contents as per title.
1969 Survey of the Asotin Reservoir Area. Report to National Park Service, San Francisco from, Laboratory of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman.
Native American, European, and U. S., Asotin Reservoir area, WA. Contents as per title.
- Richert, Roland and Laurie Miller
1963 Stabilization of Buildings 605 and 606 in the Castolon Section, Big Bend National Park, Texas. Ms., National Park Service, Globe, AZ.
Ca. 1900, adobe structures associated with U. S. military, Big Bend National Park, TX. Reports on combined stabilization-restoration of these two historic abobe buildings in Castolon section of park; brief history given of site as used by U. S. Army during raids of “Pancho” Villa; also discusses economy and archaeology of area.
- Rick, John H.
1963 Report on the Excavations at Cartier-Brebeuf Park, Quebec City, 1962. Ms., Parks Canada, Ottawa.
French and Native American contact, Quebec City, Quebec. Unsuccessful search for Cartier’s 1535 fort; all artifacts post-date 1900.
1970 Archaeological Investigations of the National Historic Sites Service, 1962-1966. Historic Sites Service, National and Historic Parks Branch, [Parks Canada] Ottawa.
17th-19th century, sites of colonial (many French colonial) and dominion associations, mostly eastern Canada. Summary of accounts of digs between 1962 and 1966 other than Louisbourg.
- Riddell, Francis A.
1423 1951 The Archaeology of Site Ker-74. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 10:1-29.
Contact, Native American, California. Association of glass trade beads and brass military buttons with burials provided good data for inferences as to relationship of Ker-74 with other sites in California and Oregon and succession of Spanish and U. S. trade influences.
1955 Archaeological Excavations on the Farallon Islands, California. University of California Archaeological Survey, Report 32.
Early 19th century, Russian occupation, Farallon Islands, San Francisco County, CA. Occupation of these islands by Native Americans (Aleut) also discussed; islands 30 miles west of Golden Gate.
1960 South Bay Aqueduct Project, Livermore Valley Division No. A-1. Ms. No. 63, State of California, Division of Beaches and Parks, Sacramento.
Native American sites, California. Survey; historical horizon evidence noted.
- Ridley, Frank
1952 The Fallis Site, Ontario. American Antiquity 18(1):7-14.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, Ontario. Site has Lalonde component and contact Huron component; author presents theory that Iroquois were derived from two migrations from prehistoric, Mississippi-influenced Lalonde focus, situated north of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.
1952 The Huron and Lalonde Occupations of Ontario. American Antiquity 17(3):197-210.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American (Lalonde and Huron) sites, Simcoe County, Ontario. Describes several contact Huron and prehistoric Lalonde sites; material traits tabulated.
1954 The Frank Bay Site, Lake Nipissing, Ontario. American Antiquity 20(1):40-50.
Prehistoric-post-contact, Native American (Huron) site, Lake Nipissing, Ontario. Native artifacts and European trade goods typical of post-contact Huronia comprised latest of eight components at site.
1956 An Archaeological Reconnaissance of Lake Abitibi, Province of Ontario. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 26(1):32-36.
Late 17th century, French colonial and Native American contact trade, Lake Abitibi, Ontario. Brief report, cited for one-paragraph note on 1686 Fort Abitibi (built by De Troyes for French Company of the North). Author recovered artifacts of European origin in stratigraphic context; are deposited with Royal Ontario Museum.
1957 A Preliminary Comment on Arctic Regionalism. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 27(3-4):145-149.
Historic, Native American site, boreal Ontario. Five projectile points cut from European sheet brass are part of evidence from Montreal River site that author believes indicate presence of Eskimo techniques in Woodland culture of boreal Ontario.
1958 Did the Huron Really Migrate from the Toronto Area. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 28(3-4):143-144.
Pre-1600, Native American (Huron) cultural study, northeastern North America. Rejects McNeish and Emerson theory that Huron migrated to their current locality from south in late-prehistoric time.
1966 Archaeology of Lake Abitibi. Islington, Ontario: author. Reprints from Anthropological Journal of Canada 2(3) (1964), 4(2) (1966), and Pennsylvania Archaeologist 28(1) (1958),
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (primarily Huron) occupation, south James Bay, Ontario. Artifacts largely Huron; some late 18th and 19th century European utensils found at Ghost River Garden site; colonial contact inferred for Duparquet River sites.
- Rieseberg, Harry E.
1963 For Him the Gold Rush Is Still On! Dodge News Magazine (Oct.):2-3.
19th century, Gold Rush mining camps, California. Discusses historic sites amateur collector who has removed artifacts from mining camps; photograph shows ca. 24 objects collected.
- Righter, Elizabeth C.
1975 Archaeological Excavations at the Peter Wentz Farmstead, Worcester Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Report to Commissioners of Montgomery County, Norristown, PA.
1976 Archeological Investigations of a Cartway and Various Structures at the Peter Wentz Farmstead, a National Register Site, Schulz Road, Worcester Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Report to Commissioners of Montgomery County, Norristown, PA.
1982 Final Report on Archaeological Excavations South of the Coach House at the Wyck House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Wyck Association, Philadelphia.
- Riley, C.
1954 A Survey of Navajo Archaeology. University of Colorado Studies, Series in Anthropology 4:45-60. Boulder.
Historic, Native American (Navajo), southwestern United States.
- Ritchie, Duncan
1976 An Archeological Survey of the Norton Elementary School Site. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic sites identified at public school construction site, Norton Elementary School, MA.
- Ritchie, Galen B.
1958 Report on the Excavations at Saratoga National Historical Park, in Search of the Great Redoubt and the Grave of Brig. General Simon Fraser. Ms., National Park Service, Schuylersville, NY.
18th century, Revolutionary War, battlefield of U. S. and British forces, near Saratoga, Hudson River, New York. All archaeological evidence negative due to “borrowing” of enormous quantities of sub-surface molding sand for an iron industry on hill of Great Redoubt.
- Ritchie, William A.
1927 Some Algonkian and Iroquoian Camp Sites around Rochester. New York State Archaeological Association, Researches and Transitions 5(3).
Historic, Native American (Algonkin and Iroquois), campsites, near Rochester, NY. Seneca component of Ely site dated to 1687-1710.
1948 New Evidence Relating to Munsee Prehistory. Bulletin of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation 7:10-11.
Ca. 1400-contact, Native American (Delaware – Leni Lenape) site, upper Delaware River opposite Minisink Island, PA. Part of program to identify prehistoric culture of Munsee division of Leni Lenapes, whose main or council village was probably on Minisink Island. Site first occupied AD 1400 (Early Coastal or Red Valley Focus); second occupation (Castle Creek culture) defined on basis of one hundred excavation pits; ca. 1725, Leni Lenapes left Minisink. Final phase of occupation represented by European copper bangles, copper sheet scrap, iron knife blade, and clay pipe stems.
1949 The Bell-Philhower Site, Sussex County, New Jersey. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society.
Prehistoric-contact, Native American sites, upper Delaware River, Sussex County, NJ. Bell-Philhower site (the main site, excavated 1947); minor digs on Minisink Island (between the Water Gap and Port Jarvis); survey along this stretch of river; research concerned with Walam Olum migration record of Leni Lenape. Seven-acre site explored with probe; 100 (of estimated 500) storage, refuse, and burial pits found and excavated; cultural sources and subsequent foreign influences on Munsee at Minisink identified; is believed that Europeans made contact with Munsee culture (ca. 1625) with no noticeable impact beyond acquisition of trade wares.
1951 A Current Synthesis of New York Prehistory. American Antiquity 17(2):130-136.
Protohistoric-historic, Native American (Algonkian and Iroquois) manifestations, New York. Determined to be in Late Woodland V period.
1954 Dutch Hollow, an Early Historic Period Seneca Site in Livingston County, New York. New York State Archaeological Association, Researches and Transitions.
17th century, Native American (Seneca) site, Livingston County, New York. Detailed report on excavation of 17 burials and associated grave goods; includes section on personal adornment of Native and European origin; section on clay pipes; history of trade relationships.
1961 Iroquois Archeology and Settlement Patterns. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 180:25-38. Washington.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American (Iroquois), northeastern U. S. Reviews in situ and migration theories proposed to explain Iroquois origins and development.
- Ritter, Eric W., editor
1970 Archaeological Investigations in the Auburn Reservoir Area, Phases II-III. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.
1849-1900, California Gold Rush, mining sites, American River (Auburn Reservoir area), El Dorado and Placer counties, CA. Survey; deals with history of gold mining activities in Auburn area, excavation of two historic structures in old mining camps of Cherokee Bar and Maine Bar, and description of artifacts recovered (Vol. I). Area includes the north and middle forks of American River.
- Robbins, Maurice
1950 Historical Approach to Titicut. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 11(3):48-74.
Contact, Native American site, Titicut, MA. Attempts to determine date of abandonment of site and cultural affiliations of inhabitants.
1956 Indians of the Old Colony: Their Relationships with and Their Contribution to the Settlement of the Area. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 17(4):56-74.
17th century, Native American and British colonial contact, Massachusetts. Ethnographic and historical survey of early contact situation.
1956 Some Evidence of the Use of Red Ochre into Historic Times. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 17(22):18-23.
Historic, Native American religious practices, Wapanawcket, MA. Presents evidence linking Native American family living in Wapanawcket until 1930 with certain deposits of red ochre (one of which is burial dated ca. 1850).
1959 Some Indian Burials from Southeastern Massachusetts. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 20(2):17-32.
Contact, Native American settlement, Titicut site, Bridgewater, MA. Discusses remains of 26 burials; discusses grave goods of European origin including: clay pipe stems, beads of copper or brass.
1968 A Brass Kettle Recovery at Corn Hill, Cape Cod. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 29(3-4):62-68.
17th century, Native American contact site, Cape Cod, MA. Based on series of notes left by the late Howard Torrey and sent to Bronson Museum, Attleboro, MA; concerns 1864 find made by two boys (William Rich and his cousin) of burial on cliff of Corn Hill (bay side) that included stone hatchet and miniature brass vessel; find postulated from French wreck of 1617.
- Robbins, Roland W.
1968 Initial Archaeological Surveys, and the Preservation of 18th and 19th Century Ruins at Crown Point. Ms., New York State Historic Trust, Albany .
18th-19th century, Crown Point, Essex County, NY. French (1731-1759); English (1759-1780); American (1776-1880). Survey: includes master grid plan system; tools and power equipment used; excavation of British light infantry redoubt, Fort St. Frederic, and citadel, Amherst’s Fort; and lime kiln.
- Robbins, Roland W. and Evans Jones
1959 Hidden America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Historic-prehistoric, Native American sites, eastern U. S. Sites treated briefly include: Saugus, MA; Philipse Manor, NY; Batsto, NJ; Furnace Creek ironworks, Quincy, MA; and Shadwell (Jefferson’s birthplace) and Monticello, VA; also includes print of plan for restoration of Shadwell based on archaeological evidence. Journalistic and popular book remains only concerted account of activities of Robbins (self-trained field investigator whose services were accepted in 1950s for several significant sites).
- Roberts, Bessie K.
n.d. Anthony Wayne: His Fort — 1794. Fort Wayne, IN: Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society.
Ca. 1794, U. S. fort, Fort Wayne, IN. General historical coverage of Fort Wayne.
- Roberts, Daniel G.
1984 Management and Community Aspects of the Excavation of a Sensitive Urban Archaeological Resource: An Example from Philadelphia. American Archeology 4(3):235-240.
- Roberts, Daniel G. and David Barrett
1984 Nightsoil Disposal Practices of the Nineteenth Century and the Origin of Artifacts in Plowzone Proveniences. Historical Archaeology 18(1):108-115.
- Roberts, Daniel G. and Betty J. Cosans
1980 The Archeology of the Nineteenth Century in the Ninth Ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Report to Market Street East Development Corporation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Roberts, Daniel G., Betty J. Cosans, and David Barrett
1982 Archaeological Resources Technical Basis Report, Environmental Impact Studies, Vine Street Improvements, Philadelphia. Report to Gannett Fleming and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Roberts, Daniel G., Robert F. Hoffman, and Richard Meyer
1983 Exton Bypass (L. R. 10004) Cultural Resources Technical Basis Report, Chester County, PA. Report to McCormick, Taylor and Associates and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, Pennsylvania.
- Roberts, Daniel G., Robert F. Hoffman, Richard Meyer, and Betty J. Cosans
1982 A Phase I and II Cultural Resource Survey of Two Proposed Alignments for Interstate 78, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. Report to Betz, Converse, Murdoch and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation from John Milner Associates, West Chester, PA.
- Roberts, Frank. H. H., Jr.
1925 Report on Archaeological Reconnaissance in Southwestern Colorado in the Summer of 1923. Colorado Magazine 2(2):1-80.
Native American, basket-maker and Pueblo sites, southwestern Colorado. Reconnaissance; one cave with hint of Spanish influence in technique used on ropes.
- Robinson, William J.
1963 Excavations at San Xavier Del Bac, 1958. Kiva 29(2):35-57.
1750-1800, Spanish colonial, mission (San Xavier del Bac) to Native Americans, near Tucson, Arizona, and in Sonora. Excavation of portion of Franciscan mission, including workshop areas (forge candles) and burials; revealed architectural complex that related to construction of present mission building. Paucity of artifacts and fragility of construction indicate temporary structure that may have been intentionally destroyed at completion of mission church (ca. 1796).
- Rodabaugh, James H.
1953 Adena Restored. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 12(2):25.
19th century, U. S. residence, Adena, OH. Estate of Ohio Governor Worthington; subject of archaeological investigation by archaeologist and landscape architect Raymond Baby, who located and investigated garden plots; example of archaeological investigation particularizing in landscaping evidence.
- Rodnick, David
1941 Orientation Report on the George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Ms., National Park Service, Richmond, VA.
18th century, British colonial, plantation, Westmoreland County, VA. Pioneering, detailed report; utilizes historical data checked against structural and artifactual evidence; concludes birthplace not located on traditional site occupied by present building; was “Structure X,” extensive foundation some distance away.
- Roenke, Karl G.
1978 Flat Glass: Its Use as a Dating Tool for Nineteenth Century Archaeological Sites in the Pacific Northwest and Elsewhere. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, Memoir No. 4. Moscow.
- Romoli, Douglas and Jay W. Ruby
1962 Field Record of the Archaeological Investigations at San Luis Dam Site Mer-14. Ms., Division of Parks and Recreation, State of California, Sacramento.
19th century, contact, California. Contains photos, feature and burial records.
- Rosenberger, Lyle L.
1977 The Wynkoop House Excavation. Bucks County Historical Society Journal 2(2):43-55.
- Ross, Lester A.
1969 Archaeological Investigations in the Coulee Dam National Recreation Area, Spring 1969. Report to National Park Service, San Francisco from Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman.
Native American and white, Coulee Dam area, WA. Contents as per title.
1975 Early Nineteenth Century Euroamerican Technology within the Columbia River Drainage. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):32-50.
19th century, frontier forts, trading posts, Pacific Northwest. Documents sites; discusses technological activities of, products fabricated at forts and posts; major artifacts: carpentry, coopery, millwrighting, metal processing, stone processing, brick making, mortar making, and their products, or tools.
1975 Forward Through the Historic Past. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):3-5.
Analytical note on development of historical archaeology, Pacific Northwest.
- Ross, Steven
1977 Phase I/Reconnaissance Cultural Sensitivity Study of a Proposed Water Pollution Control Project for the Town of Mattapoisett, Mass. Ms., Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
Historic, ethnohistoric, known-site survey, Mattapoisett, MA. Reconnaissance in six areas in water pollution control project.
- Rothovius, Andrew E.
1963 The Strange Stone Structures of North Salem, N. H. Anthropological Journal of Canada 1(3):19-24.
19th century, stone structures (commonly called Pattee’s Caves), North Salem, NH. Discusses pseudo-mediaeval structures; reference made to excavations by William B. Goodwin, Junius Bird (American Museum of Natural History), and Gary Vescelius (Yale University); subsequently site studies made by Frank Glynn (Connecticut Archaeological Society); cf. H. O. N. Hencken, 1939-1940.
- Rouse, Irving R.
1951 A Survey of Indian River Archaeology. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Historic, mixed Native American sites, Florida. Survey; mentions numerous sites (Indian Fields, Turkey Creek, Grant Mound, Gleason Mound, Burns site, Bear Lake, and Arrowhead Ranch) from early, middle, and late periods.
- Rouse, Irving R. and J. M. Goggin
1947 An Anthropological Bibliography of the Eastern Seaboard. Lancaster: PA: North Museum, Franklin and Marshall College.
Largely prehistoric, Native American, eastern seaboard, U. S. Studies; contains 55 pages on archaeology.
- Rozaire, Charles
1964 The Archaeology at Lehman Caves National Monument. Ms., Nevada State Museum and National Park Service, Carson City, NV.
Prehistoric Native American-19th century pioneer exploration of caves, near Ely, NV. Contains detailed list of historical material located in Room 1 of cave during excavations for prehistoric Native American evidence (pp. 9-12).
- Ruby, Jay W.
1964 Archaeological Investigations of the Big Tujunga Site (Lan-167). Ms., Division of Parks and Recreation, State of California, Sacramento.
18th century, Native American, California.
- Rudy, Jack R.
1954 Pine Park Shelter, Washington County, Utah. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
Prehistoric-historic, Native American sites, Utah. Two levels found; lower level contained flake scraper, drill, flecks of charcoal; upper level contained grass, shredded juniper bark, small sticks and twigs, cattle dung; surface collection: several sherds of South Paiute pottery, broken projectile points, etc.
- Russell, William A.
1965 A Mill at Sainte Marie I. Ontario Archaeology Series B No. 2:11-17.
1638-1648, Jesuit-Iroquois settlement, southern Ontario Province, Canada. Argues against “canal” system as part of set of locks; suggestion alleged for site by the Jurys, who dug some there.
- Rutsch, Edward S.
1970 A Report on the Black River Reservation Site Survey. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 26:22-25.
18th century, British colonial, U. S. sites, Chester, NJ.
1972 The Cemetery Site, Jockey Hollow, U. S. National Historic Park, Morristown, N. J. Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin 29(Dec.):4.
18th century, U. S. colonial, Morristown, NJ. Account of negative excavation looking for graves from Revolutionary period alleged to be in area; includes history of site, analysis of available evidence, and account of bulldozer excavation that mainly discovered no disturbances in supposed grave area.
- Rutsch, Edward S., Suzanne Spencer-Wood, and Meredith Belding
1980 Data Recovery Operations at the Shaw (Moose Hill Reservoir) Site, Upper Quabog Watershed, Massachusetts. Ms., Institute for Conservation Archaeology, Peabody Museum, Cambridge, and Massachusetts Historical Commission, Boston.
19th century, Shaw gristmill, house sites, Leicester, MA (presently inundated by Moose Hill Reservoir). Describes excavations (phase III); research questions: ownership of house (ca. 1830s-?1890), its relation to mill (ca. 1830s-1864), why mill was built and destroyed, mill technology. Major features (mill): mill, dam and millrace at mill site; house foundation and second depression at house site. Major artifacts: millstones, wood remains of horizontal turbine, metal parts. Major artifacts (house): 184 pottery fragments, 82 fragments windowglass, 31 bottles or drinking glass fragments, 146 nails, buttons, pipestems, 14 photos. Non-random placement of test pits.