Historic Bottle Website "Map"
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The following is a listing or "map" of all the main subject pages and connected sub-pages found within this Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website. The main subject pages are in bold capital letters and the sub-pages are listed underneath the related main page title in smaller, non-bold lettering. (Recent significant updates, additions and revisions to the site are noted further down the page.)
TYPING/DIAGNOSTIC SHAPES PAGE
BOTTLE FINISHES & CLOSURES PAGE -
QUESTIONS (FAQ'S) PAGE
NEW SHA HISTORIC BOTTLE IDENTIFICATION BOOK!
Schulz, Peter D., Rebecca Allen, Bill Lindsey, and Jeanette K. Schulz, Editors. 2016. Baffle Marks and Pontil Scars: A Reader on Historic Bottle Identification. Society for Historical Archaeology, Special Publication Series No. 12, Germantown, MD.
This huge (555 pages), recently released work is one of the best "bottle books" there is for helping with the complicated subject of bottle identification. This book includes - for the first time in print - a summary of this websites (Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website) bottle dating key as a chapter entitled "Summary Guide to Dating Bottles" by this author (pages 33 to 49). It also includes "Bottle Dating Worksheets" (pages 51 to 55) by Rebecca Allen and this author to assist in the systematic dating of an historic bottle based on the information in that dating key as well as other information on the website.
In part, this book fulfills this authors long time desire to have a hard copy "field guide" version of this website for use by archaeologists (and others) by having at least the dating portions available in printed form to take to the field. Beyond that the book includes more information about historic bottle identification (typology), bottle production, and more than can be summarized here.
The book is available at www.lulu.com - search for "Baffle Marks and Pontil Scars." The book is available softbound with either black and white or full color images. It is also available as a downloadable PDF file.
All proceeds from sale of this book go directly to benefit the work of the Society for Historical Archaeology!
Recent updates, additions and revisions to this website
Several significant Bottle Research Group (BRG) publications are now also available via this website:
Makers Markings Logo Tables - A major milestone in assisting with the dating of historic bottles is the completion of the "Makers Markings Logo Tables" by the BRG. This alphabetical listing of specific embossed bottle/glass makers markings includes the marks used by various bottle/glass making companies in the United States and Canada as well as some in England and Mexico. The actual makers marking "logos" are listed along with the name of the company that used the marking, the date range for the use of that marking, and the makers marking article(s) that cover that particular marking and maker. These tables taken as a whole constitute essentially a "quick reference" dating guide to the makers markings found on historic bottles!
History & markings of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company:
Questions pertaining to the products of the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. outnumber many fold the questions this websites' author receives about any other particular glass/bottle maker. The previous article(s) on the company posted on this website have also received significantly more user downloads than any other makers marking article.
Given that there is much new information gleaned since the 2015 article (Lockhart & Hoenig 2015), Bill Lockhart recently combined all of the currently known information on the complicated history of the company into two separate articles - Part 1 which is the overall history of the company and various plants and, Part 2 which is an explanation of the various makers markings, date and plant codes and related features f0und on their products. Both articles follow and are part of the above noted Encyclopedia of Manufacturers Marks on Glass Containers:
Lockhart, Bill, Russ Hoenig, Beau Schriever, Bill Lindsey and Carol Serr. 2018t. Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Part 1 - History. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published October 2018. This is an in-depth overview of the history of this important 20th and still currently operating company, including the myriad of plants the company used and still use. This article is available at the following link: Owens-Illinois Glass Company Part 1 - History.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. 2018u. Owens-Illinois Glass Company Part 2 - The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published October 2018. (Note: Russ Hoenig is a now retired senior engineer of the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. and a rich source of information. Thanks Russ!) This is an important and substantive update that goes further in explaining the array of markings used by the company on its products over the past 90 years. This article is available at the following link: Owens-Illinois Glass Company Part 2 - Logos & Codes.
Lockhart, Bill and Bob Brown (with contributions by Chris Weide and Russ Hoenig). 2019. The Glamorous Applied Color Labels. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published September 2019. A comprehensive article on the history, processes and use of ACL labeling beginning in the early 1930s. This article is available on this site at: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/ACLArticle2019.pdf
Schulz, Peter, Bill Lockhart, Carol Serr, Bill Lindsey and Beau Schriever. 2019b. A History of Non-Returnable Beer Bottles. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published February 2019. Another exclusive article published here only; this one an in-depth and fascinating history of non-returnable beer bottles. Though not an era that has completely ended, the heyday of no-deposit, no-return bottles was primarily from the 1930s to 1970s. This article covers styles, dating, and much more about this category of bottles which are ubiquitous on 20th century historic sites. This article is available at this link: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/NRBeers.pdf
Lockhart, Bill, Pete
Schulz and Al Morin. 2017.
Milk Bottle Seals -
The Other Manufacturer's Marks. Privately
e-published by Bill Lockhart. "Milk
bottle seals" were an embossed designation on milk bottles during the first half
of the 20th century which were required by several states as affirmation or
guarantee of a standardized measure for the contents. They are
useful for the dating of milk bottles, especially in hand with the glass makers
This fully illustrated e-book is now
available ONLY ON THIS WEBSITE as a series of copyrighted (2017) pdf files which may be printed out
to make your own book for no cost...thanks Bill!
Lockhart, Bill, Tod von Mechow, Beau Schriever, David Whitten, Bill Lindsey and Carol Serr. 2014. William Painter's Baltimore Loop Seal. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published January 2014. This article is web published here exclusively for users! It is about this late 19th century (but used into the 1910s) closure type used for beer and soda bottling and invented by William Painter, who went on to much bigger fame as the originator of the crown cap closure and finish. This article is available at this link: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/BaltimoreLoopSealarticle.pdf
Lockhart, Bill, Bill Lindsey, Beau Schriever, and Carol Serr. 2012. New Insights from the Bottles Excavated at the Fort Riley Hospital Privy. Privately published by Bill Lockhart & the Bottle Research Group. This well illustrated work highlights the recent reanalysis of hundreds of bottles and bottle fragments systematically excavated in 1984 from a large privy at Fort Riley, KS. used from the late 1850s into the 1890s. The reanalysis resulted in the identification of several previously non-attributed makers markings as well as provided a significant amount of information to affirm and refine many of the concepts and dating guidelines found on this site. This copyrighted work is available for sale as a softbound book via www.Lulu.com (search using "Bill Lockhart") or as a free, downloadable .pdf file which may be saved or printed out to make your own book for no cost! The file is available at this link: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/FortRileyReport2012.pdf
-Noted soda bottle researcher Ron Fowler recently completed a website that includes a searchable database of over 20,000 different embossed Hutchinson soda bottles that he has cataloged, including images of thousands of them. It is available a this link: http://www.hutchbook.com This website is a marvelous resource for those trying to identify soda bottles and fragments as well as so much more.
-In late 2011, a truly monumental work of note was published for those interested in historic bottles. Published by the Illinois State Archaeological Survey it is entitled Bottled in Illinois - Embossed Bottles and Bottled Products of Early Illinois Merchants from Chicago to Cairo 1840-1880. Click Bottled in Illinois to read more about this book and for how to acquire it.
-The following recent books are useful references on a class of largely English made bottles used throughout their sphere of influence:
Bown, Tom A. and Chriss Addams. 2015. Glass and Pottery containers of the Royal Navy and British Military: Historic and Archaeological Finds from the 18th, 19th and 20th Centuries. First Choice Books, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. This is an excellent book on an amazingly wide array of interesting bottles (and ceramic) containers made for and used by the Royal Navy and British Military. Has great information on the "Broad Arrow" (aka "Admiralty Arrow") marking found on most of these containers. These bottles are found in many places in the world, though in particular the Commonwealth countries like Canada, New Zealand, Australia, India and of course the mother country Great Britain. The authors may be contacted via www.coffinisland.ca Copies of this book may be acquired through Limebay Books, Victoria, B.C. by contacting them at this email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Burton, David with research by Christopher Mortimer.
2015. Antique Sealed Bottles - 1640-1900 - and the families who
owned them. Antique Collectors Club Ltd., Woodbridge, Suffolk,
England. This a very recent, incredibly comprehensive and massive (3
volumes, 1711 pages, and about 20 pounds!) work on the sealed bottles of the
world, which were primarily the products of English, Continental and
American glass makers. Thousands of high quality color images and a
wealth of historical information that is almost unbelievable in scope.
Highly recommended for anyone interested in the legend, lore and history of
sealed bottles...and anyone interested in a work on historic bottles that
stands head and shoulders above the rest. This work is obviously the
authors life work (Mortimer died in 2008).
To do a word/phrase or image search of this website one must use the following Google search link: Search the SHA/BLM Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website
This website created and managed by:
Bureau of Land Management (retired) - Klamath Falls, Oregon
Questions? See FAQ #21.
Copyright © 2019 Bill Lindsey. All rights reserved. Viewers are encouraged, for personal or classroom use, to download limited copies of posted material. No material may be copied for commercial purposes. Author reserves the right to update this information as appropriate.