SHA 2014 Election Candidates & Biographic Statements

Candidates by Position

  • Treasurer
    Sara Mascia
  • Director
    David R. Starbuck
    Patricia M. Samford
    Linda Stone
    Lyle C. Torp
  • Nomination and Elections Committee
    Bonnie J. Clark
    Chris Horrell
    Brian Mabelitini
    Marco Meniketti

ACUA Board of Directors

  • Dave Conlin
    Kelly Gleason
    Sorna Khakzad
    Massimiliano Secci
    James A. Smailes
    James D. Spirek​

 


Treasurer

Sara F. Mascia, RPA

Sara F. Mascia

Present Position Title
Vice President, Historical Perspectives, Inc., Westport, Connecticut.

Education
Ph.D. in Archaeology Boston University, 1995.
M.A. in Archaeology, Boston University, 1989.
B.A. in Anthropology and History, University of South Carolina, 1983.

Professional Service to SHA and other Societies
SHA Employment Coordinator, CNEHA Board Member, CNEHA Executive Vice Chair, CNEHA Treasurer, 2006 CNEHA Conference Co-Chair (with Nancy Brighton), SHA Nominating Committee Member, SHA Conference Committee Member, SHA Academic and Professional Training Committee, SHA Secretary-Treasurer, SHA Treasurer.

Research Interests
American material culture, farmstead sites, historical cemetery studies, urban archaeology, and accounting.

    As a Historical Archaeologist, I have always had a strong commitment to volunteerism and I believe that it is a privilege to serve on committees and boards that help to promote the professional health of our discipline. I have been a member of the Society for almost 30 years and I have been fortunate to serve on several committees as well as on the SHA Board. As a member of several committees (e.g., Nominating, Conference, Membership and Academic and Professional Training) during the last two decades, I have been able to work with a large number of SHA members and a variety of different groups who are all interested in the promotion and dissemination of our discipline. Working with these committees has also provided me with insight into some of the issues that SHA members face as practitioners of a very complex discipline.
    As a Vice President at Historical Perspectives, Inc., I have supervised staff and prepared budgets for a variety of complex projects and have consistently been able to administer all aspects of project management. This experience has enabled me to work within the fiscal parameters of a balanced budget. My experiences have also provided me with the foundation for my service as the Treasurer for the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology and the Treasurer for the Society for Historical Archaeology.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected as SHA Treasurer?
    In my role as Treasurer for the SHA, I have endeavored, along with the members of the SHA board, to reduce expenses and rebuild the Society’s reserve funds in order to ensure that the SHA remains financially healthy in a challenging economy. I believe that the growth and maintenance of our organization depends on the stability of our reserves, which enables the Society to accomplish long-term goals. Over the last several years I have worked closely with our investment account manager to slowly increase our reserves to a level considered to be appropriate.
    The most challenging aspect of the role of Treasurer is keeping our fees as stable as possible while working to safeguard all of the unique services that the Society provides to the membership. My experience with CRM finance, academic grant management, association budget coordination, investment management, and accounting, combined with the recognition of the unique elements that make up our Society, will enable me to work with the board and our Executive Director on maintaining future balanced budgets.

Question 2
If elected to serve as a Treasurer of SHA what priorities would you emphasize taking into account SHA’s missions and goals, ongoing committee activities, and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    For the last several years, I have been fortunate to serve as the Treasurer for the Society. In that time, with the help of the entire Society board, we have placed the SHA on a firm financial foundation that has enabled us to maintain the production of high quality publications and well-attended (as well as motivating) conferences.
    My experience with the SHA and other associations has enabled me to meet and work with peers and students on pertinent issues encountered by all working archaeologists. The SHA has been a thriving organization for well over four decades and as a member of the board, I believe it is our responsibility to encourage both student and professional participation in our organization. I sincerely believe that the promotion of our discipline, as well as the diverse projects that our members are working on, provides a bridge for the public to understand the research aims of all historical archaeologists.
    If I am re-elected to the board, my goals are to encourage the expansion of our public presence (e.g., the web site) and to continue to advocate for our student members, while maintaining fiscal responsibility for the entire membership. I believe that the SHA’s support for student members and the promotion of the spirit of volunteerism is vital to the continued growth of the Society.

 


Director

David R. Starbuck, RPA

David Starbuck

    David Starbuck trained at Yale University under Dr. Michael Coe, receiving his Ph.D. in Anthropology in 1975. Since then, he has taught at Boston University, the University of New Hampshire, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Plymouth State University, where he is currently Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Social Science. Plymouth State selected David for its “Distinguished Scholar Award” in 2008. His research has focused on military sites archaeology (Fort William Henry, Fort Edward, the Saratoga Battlefield and Mount Independence), Shaker communities (Canterbury Shaker Village and Hancock Shaker Village), and industrial archaeology (Eli Whitney’s Armory and The New England Glassworks).
    David is currently Chair of the New Hampshire State Historical Resources Council (SHPO), President of the Adirondack Chapter of the New York State Archaeological Association, Newsletter Editor of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology (CNEHA), Editor of the New Hampshire Archeological Society, Newsletter Editor of the New England Chapters of the Society for Industrial Archeology, and USA-NORTHEAST Coordinator for The SHA Newsletter. For CNEHA, David prepared the comprehensive Bibliography of Northeast Historical Archaeology in 1986 and again in 2006.
    David’s publications include The Great Warpath (1999), Neither Plain Nor Simple (2004), The Archeology of New Hampshire (2006), Excavating the Sutlers’ House (2010), and The Legacy of Fort William Henry (2014), all from University Press of New England, and The Archaeology of Forts and Battlefields (2011) from the University Press of Florida.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected as a Board Member?
    As an academic, I have shared my love for historical archaeology with my classes for nearly forty years, and I believe that my best experiences in this field have come from working with both students and the public. My summer field schools have stressed public outreach for many years, with avocational archaeologists working side by side with professionals and college students to form a dedicated and experienced team every summer. I have learned to share an awareness of cultural resources with a diverse constituency, and I believe that my excitement for historical archaeology enters into everything that I do.
    I also have many years of experience in writing and editing for various journals and newsletters, often focusing on reaching “popular” audiences with a minimum of jargon but with much passion for discovering and interpreting the past in ways that are meaningful to just about everyone. I enjoy teaching and excavating, and I emphatically love being an archaeological storyteller to anyone who will listen. If elected, I will work to expand our audience through public education and by helping students to better prepare for the challenges in our field.

Question 1
If elected to serve as a director of SHA what priorities would you emphasize taking into account SHA’s missions and goals, ongoing committee activities, and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    I am proud to be a long-term member of the SHA and am delighted to have been nominated for the SHA Board of Directors. If elected, I would like to work with several aspects of public education, including programs to reduce the looting of historic sites, increased television programming (“better storytelling!”), and more partnerships with archaeological societies in other countries. As a teacher, I am eager to strengthen the training of our students, and as a preservationist, I am eager to find more ways to work together with Historic Preservation programs to the benefit of both disciplines (my university offers a Master’s in Historic Preservation, so I am committed to reaching out to colleagues in this related field). Above all, I want to expand our public outreach so that everyone “out there” will want to become an historical archaeologist!

 

Patricia M. Samford

Patricia Samford

Education
Ph.D. Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; M.A. Anthropology, College of William and Mary; B.S. Anthropology and Psychology, College of William and Mary.

Present Position
Director, Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab at Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, Maryland Historical Trust. Past Positions: Staff archaeologist at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation; Head Archaeologist and Head of Museum Services, Tryon Palace Historic Sites and Gardens, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources; Regional Manager, North Carolina Historic Sites; Archaeologist, Coastal Carolina Research; Archaeologist, Archaeological Research Consultants

Professional Service to SHA and Other Societies
SHA: representative on Steering Committee of 50th Anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act, and PEIC Committee; Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology: Board member, Committee on Collaborative Preservation; Council for Virginia Archaeologists Newsletter Editor.

Research Interests
English ceramics, archaeology of colonial and nineteenth-century North America with an emphasis in African-American archaeology, public archaeology, gender, West Africa, identity formation.

Recent Publications
Recent Publications: (2014) “Response to a Market: Establishing a Dating Chronology for Printed English Earthenwares” (Historical Archaeology, (1997); reprinted in Ceramic Identification in Historical Archaeology: The View from California, 1822-1940, edited by Rebecca Allen, Julia E. Huddleson, Kimberly J. Wooten and Glenn J. Farris; Identifying and Dating Luster-Decorated Wares; Identifying and Dating Sponge-Decorated Wares in Allen et al. (2013) “We Wash Everything But the Baby” Archaeological Investigations at the Wysing Lung Laundry Maryland Archeology (co-authored with Christiana Nisbet and Makenli Essert); (2011) Being Fashionable on Maryland’s Western Shore in the Late Seventeenth Century, Northeast Historical Archaeology; and (2007) Subfloor Pits and the Archaeology of Slavery in Colonial Virginia, University of Alabama Press.

Question 1
Give the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected as a Board Member?
    My 30-plus years working as a historical archaeologist in museum, academic and cultural resource management settings have helped me come to understand the challenges faced by the diverse venues in which we practice our profession. As a director of various institutions, working with staff, board members, non-staff professionals, and the public, I have developed management skills that will help me take into account the varied interests of SHA membership when making decisions while serving on the SHA Board. In the 2008 member needs survey, members stated that public outreach and increased member services were extremely important. As director of the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Lab, the state curation and conservation facility for Maryland, I have made it a priority to expand access to collections, both through online research and artifact identification tools such as Diagnostic Artifacts in Maryland, Maryland Archeobotany and Archaeological Collections in Maryland, and through the development of online finding aids to the collections curated there. Educational outreach to the public in the forms of traveling exhibits, educational modules, engaging with public schools and publications have also been a priority throughout my career. These past experiences will be beneficial to my participation as a board member.

Question 2
If elected to serve as an office of SHA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA’s missions and goals, and ongoing committee activities, and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    The Society is currently conducting a member needs survey – the first since 2008—and I look forward to working with the Board to assessing those results and implementing changes that will address member concerns and needs. Because much of my career has been spent in museums, I am committed to working with diverse audiences in engaging the public with archaeology. As such, I am concerned with the challenges of making archaeology accessible and interesting to the public without compromising our ethical standards of site protection and integrity. The recent popularity of reality metal detector shows on cable television is especially troubling and I have been working with colleagues to help determine what our response as a profession needs to be. I am also committed to furthering the accessibility of archaeological data and research resources through web-based media.

 

Linda Stone, RPA

Linda Stone

    I have been an archaeological contractor in New York City since the late 1980s when I received my MA in Anthropology from Hunter College of the City University of New York. I established my own consulting practice in 1992. During this time, I have served as principal investigator on a number of large projects including the South Ferry Terminal Project, a new subway station where we identified two sites now listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the colonial Battery Wall (for which Battery Park was named), and White Hall Slip (a major 18th-century commercial boat dock that was later filled to become Whitehall Street). Currently, I am the project archaeologist for the Governors Island Park and Public Space Project that is transforming the landscape of Governors Island in New York Harbor, while preserving its historic character. However, much of my work has been on small projects with no potentially significant archaeological resources. I am sure SHA members who do CRM work will relate. As a result, I have countless reports filed with agencies in New York City and New York State, but my list of publications and papers is short. I have participated in a number of symposia and sessions where I presented the results of my more interesting work. Among them is the South Ferry Terminal session at the 2010 SHA Annual Conference in Amelia Island, Florida. I am also the organizer of the 2014 Annual Symposium on New York City Archaeology co-sponsored by the Museum of the City of New York and Professional Archaeologists of New York City, a symposium designed for the general public. I also presented papers at this annual event in the past.
    In addition to my work in New York City and my service to the local professional archaeological community, I have been involved statewide in archaeological issues via the New York Archaeological Council (NYAC) where after three terms, I continue to sit on the board and on a number of NYAC committees. These include the NYAC Standards Committee that developed the Standards for Cultural Resources Investigations and the Curation of Archaeological Collections in New York State adopted by NYSHPO in 1995. As a member of that committee, I participated in writing the Standards Handbook that helps developers and project sponsors understand the Standards and apply them to their projects. I also chaired the Urban Standards Sub-Committee and was co-author of the NYAC Monitoring Guidelines adopted in 2006.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected as a Board Member?
    Throughout my career, it has been a priority to give back to the profession that gives me so much joy. It would be an honor to continue my tradition of doing so as a member of the SHA Board of Directors. After spending my 25 year career serving on professional societies at the city and state level in New York, I feel I am well qualified to work on a national (and international) scale.
    While in graduate school, I attended meetings of Professional Archaeologists of New York City (PANYC) and found their mission to educate and advise agencies and the public and to promote cooperation and communication among professional archaeologists exemplary. Soon after graduation I was asked to run for their board. Since then I have been an active member and am currently president (through March 2015). Several years ago, a PANYC board member suggested I might be interested in working on behalf of the statewide organization with similar interests, the New York Archaeological Council (NYAC), and nominated me for treasurer. I continue to serve on the NYAC board, having completed three terms. I am active in several committees. In addition to the Standards Committee, I was a member of the committee that completed the much-needed redraft of the NYAC bylaws.
    My work with the New York professional archaeological organizations, has exposed me to colleagues with varying professional interests and experiences. Finding common ground among professionals is basic to working toward common goals. Should I be elected to serve on the SHA board, I promise I will strive to provide the same high level of commitment I have applied to my local societies and to work with and on behalf of the SHA to the best of my ability.

Question 2
If elected to serve as a director of SHA what priorities would you emphasize taking into account SHA’s missions and goals, ongoing committee activities, and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    Without doubt, managing finances is key to the longevity of SHA and its ability to continue providing existing membership benefits and to making the society more attractive to potential new members. As a small business owner for over 20 years, and as past treasurer of two archaeological organizations, I am familiar with organizational and time management as pertains to financial challenges. Increasing membership numbers, income, and membership participation in SHA needs to remain a priority. One way to do this is to engage more student members and support their path to full membership when they receive their degrees. A focus on membership retention, particularly of student members, could be one facet of such a plan. The SHA Annual Conference is a prime opportunity for this. In addition to the variety and quality of papers presented and the business and committee meetings, the conference is an opportunity to network. Networking not only provides members with professional contacts, but also creates the opportunity for student members to introduce themselves as professionals and for new professionals to make connections that will solidify their careers. Budgets are tight all around and our annual conference fees and other expenses associated with attending the conferences can be cost prohibitive for students and new professionals. Although SHA is not in a position to provide financial assistance to all those in need, identification of outside funding sources may be helpful. Current awards and support for membership via committee work can be one avenue explored, as is the case with Gender and Minority Affairs and Academic and Professional Training Committees. We could work with these and other committees and with the Membership Committee, building on their current efforts, to share relevant information with those members in need of financial assistance.

 

Lyle C. Torp, RPA

Lyle Torp

Lyle Torp is the Managing Director of The Ottery Group, a Maryland-based cultural resource management firm established in 1998. In this capacity, he has managed the growth and shaped the success of a business that presently employs a staff of 14 cultural resource and environmental professionals while maintaining an active involvement in projects, public and professional outreach, and varied research interests. Lyle has over 25 years of experience throughout the Southeast, Middle Atlantic, and Northeast. He holds a BA in Anthropology from Wake Forest University, and an MA in Applied Anthropology from the University of South Florida. His research interests include cemetery preservation, military archeology, and colonial town development. Since 2006, Lyle has been involved in research, public engagement, and exhibit development associated with the Virginia Tidewater port town of Gloucester Town. He has also been actively engaged in Revolutionary War, War of 1812, and Civil War research throughout the Chesapeake region. He is a co-author of Antebellum Plantations in Prince George’s County, Maryland: A Historic Context and Research Guide (2008). Lyle is the President of the Council for Maryland Archeology, and also serves on the Board of Directors for the American Cultural Resources Association (ACRA).

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected as a Board Member?
    I am a firm believer that the practice of archeology is identical whether performed from a university, public agency, or the private sector. I also believe that individuals that practice within each of these sectors have a unique and important perspective to contribute to the discipline as well as a responsibility to participate in shaping the future of the discipline. The profession is best served when all of these sectors work cooperatively. Currently, the private sector is poorly represented on the SHA Board of Directors. The vast majority of future jobs are in the private sector, and crucial training and professional development takes place in this arena. Archeologists working in higher education, public agencies, and the private sector each have different roles and therefore can make different contributions the future of the discipline. My service on the ACRA Board of Directors has given me a strong sense that the potential contribution by the private sector is vast and largely untapped. I believe that the SHA would benefit from the diversity of my experience, not only from my 25 years of experience as an archeologist, but also from my experience as a business person, where survival depends upon being a successful advocate for archeology, and where success depends upon the ability to mentor the next generation of business owners and managers and serve as a leader within the professional community.

Question 2
If elected to serve as a director of SHA, what priorities would you emphasize taking into account SHA’s mission and goals, ongoing committee activities, and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    The board is responsible for representing the interests of the membership and supporting the fiscal and programmatic success of the organization. Two principal areas are particularly important to me: recruiting and training the next generation of professional archeologists, and making sure that a high level of public support for archeology is maintained. The SHA plays a vital role in both of these areas, and needs to maintain a visible and effective leadership to ensure that our research remains relevant and our ability to conduct research remains viable.
    Many private sector firms have taken an active role in developing internship opportunities for emerging professionals. As opportunities for fieldwork experience can be somewhat limited in an academic setting, cultural resource management firms provide opportunities for students to gain work experience year-round. Increasingly, however, this relationship has transcended the simple need for labor, and meaningful mentoring relationships have begun to develop. In my experience at the state and regional level, I see these university-private sector partnerships as vital to the success of the next generation of professionals by providing opportunities to gain experience in the early stages of an individual’s career, and also by providing a source of income for students during the early years of their professional careers. With low levels of job security, poor wages, and non-existent benefits, this is a group that is currently being lost to the discipline at an astonishing rate. The major professional organizations have demonstrated a commitment to early career development, and this effort needs to be expanded and sustained.
    Education and outreach have been at the forefront of the SHA’s mission. Public support is vital to ensuring that there is a future for this field at a time when funding is constrained, STEM education is promoted in the university to the exclusion of other programs of study, and a well-funded anti-regulatory movement devalues the benefit of conducting cultural resources review in advance of development projects. The major professional organizations need to remain at the forefront of an outreach program that effectively counters these broad attacks on science, education, and the stewardship of historic resources for the benefit of the public. Each committee within the SHA has an important contribution to education and outreach efforts. If elected, I will contribute to the SHA’s mission in support of professionalism, advocacy, and outreach to the best of my ability.

 

 


Member of Nominations and Elections Committee

Bonnie J. Clark

Bonnie Clark

    I have been a practicing archaeologist for over two decades. My career has been dedicated to using material culture to tell a more inclusive history of the American West. My first taste of historical archaeology was surveying homesteads along a pipeline corridor in Utah. After receiving my MA in Anthropology at the University of Denver (1996), I worked for several years as the chief Historical Archaeologist for the Denver office of SWCA, Inc, Environmental Consultants. In that capacity I was involved in surveys of historic landscapes including ranching, small-scale farming, and mining. While in that position I contributed to the statewide historic contexts, authoring the chapter on the protohistoric period in the Platte River Basin of Colorado.
    In 2003 I received my Ph.D. in Anthropology from U.C. Berkeley. My dissertation research focused on a multi-family Hispanic settlement in Colorado. Occupied at the end of the 19th Century, La Placita reveals the placemaking and foodways of an often understudied population. That research formed the basis for On the Edge of Purgatory: An Archaeology of Place in Hispanic Colorado, published in 2011 by the University of Nebraska Press in their Historical Archaeology of the American West Series. The research at La Placita also contributed to a Cultural Landscapes study, produced after the Hispanic sites of this region were identified as among Colorado’s Most Endangered Places.
    Since 2003, I have taught in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Denver where I also serve as the Curator for Archaeology. There I teach a range of courses including Historical Archaeology: Method and Theory, Archaeology of Gender, Applied Heritage Management, and Anthropologies of Place. I have overseen a dozen MA theses focusing on historic period sites. While teaching I also served as one of the researchers and authors for a new Colorado context for historical archaeology. In 2005, I initiated the community-based DU Amache project, committed to preserving, researching, and interpreting the physical history of Amache, the World War II Japanese American incarceration camp in Colorado. Our work there has contributed to the growing body of research on the archaeology of the Asian American experience, institutional confinement, placemaking, and World War II. The project involves stakeholders in the co-production of knowledge as volunteers in the field, the lab, and the museum. Field priorities have been grounded in community-identified goals for site development and public engagement. In large part because of the Amache project, I was recognized by the University of Denver as their 2011 Teacher/Scholar of the Year.
    I have worked with a number of heritage preservation organizations, including several years as a Board member for the National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites. As the first archaeologist to serve on their board, I paved the way for the greater inclusion of archaeological sites and data in the work of the Collaborative. Other contributions to heritage preservation include two terms on Colorado’s National Register of Historic Places Review Board, and serving as an exhibit consultant to History Colorado.

Question
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected to the Nominations and Elections Committee?
    If elected I would bring a strong background of applied and academic work to the Nominations and Elections Committee. The majority of my students work in heritage preservation writ large and I see my teaching role as a bridge between the heady world of research and the real-life needs of those who manage historic sites. I would bring that same philosophy to the SHA. Our discipline includes a wide range of practitioners; our organization should welcome and represent them. I also bring a decades-long connection with historical archaeologists in the American West, a region which is sometimes less well represented in SHA leadership.

 

Chris Horrell, RPA

Chris Horrell

    Chris Horrell currently serves as the Historic Preservation Officer for the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE). Chris has spent his life along the Gulf Coast developing a deep appreciation of the region’s maritime history, culture, and environment. Chris received a B.A. in Anthropology and History from Texas State University at San Marcos, a M.A. in Anthropology from the University of Texas at San Antonio, and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Florida State University. During his studies, Chris worked on Mayan, prehistoric, and historic archaeological sites. In 1999, he completed his M.A. documenting the remains of one of the last Spanish Colonial Towns in Texas; San Marcos de Neve. In the fall of 1999, Chris shifted his focus by enrolling at the Florida State University where he studied marine archaeology. Chris’ Ph.D. dissertation explored the 19th century communities of Apalachicola and Carrabelle, Florida, and the ties that bind underwater cultural heritage in the area with both of these communities. In 2005, Chris was the first recipient of a Ph.D. from Florida State University’s Department of Anthropology.
    While attending Florida State University, Chris also worked for the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research; the state agency responsible for ensuring the protection of Florida’s underwater cultural heritage. During his tenure with the State of Florida, Chris was able to strengthen both his abilities as a marine archaeologist as well as his skills working with the public. In 2003, while completing his Ph.D. degree requirements, Chris was hired by the Department of the Interior’s Minerals Management Service (reorganized in 2011 as the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement) as a Marine Archaeologist. During this period, Chris became intimately familiar with federal policy, regulations, and best management strategies for underwater cultural heritage. In addition, Chris has had the opportunity to work with and develop a relationship with many archaeologists working for the various coastal state agencies, Federal agencies, universities, and private organizations.
    Chris has worked on numerous terrestrial and submerged archaeological sites located in coastal areas, rivers, and in shallow and extreme depths. He has been the lead investigator in a number of studies and projects and, even in his spare time, volunteers on projects including one ongoing archaeological project in Panama. In addition, he has also worked on the international level not only building his knowledge base, but helping to establish relationships by coordinating and strengthening other nations’ efforts to preserve and protect their underwater cultural heritage and patrimony. Most recently, he worked with Colombia’s Universidad del Norte, Texas State University, and the Colombian government in an effort to document their submerged cultural heritage. His expertise ranges from 16th century Spanish Colonialism to World War II and he has authored or co-authored numerous publications and presentations. Chris has been a member of SHA since 1996 and is also a member of SAA, the RPA, and a number of state archaeological societies. Chris currently lives in New Orleans, LA, with his wife and two sons and is looking forward to co-chairing the 2018 SHA conference in New Orleans!

Question
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected to the Nominations and Elections Committee?
    I feel confident in saying that I have had a unique and varied career that has afforded me the opportunity to interact with many of our colleagues whether they conduct their work/research in terrestrial and/or underwater contexts. More importantly, while I serve principally as a marine archaeologist for a federal agency, I consider myself an archaeologist first and foremost with solid relationships with members throughout our society and at various levels (from students to longstanding members). My time as a member of the SHA has also provided me the opportunity to familiarize myself with how the society functions, conducts business, and performs its most important function; serving the membership. This knowledge, coupled with my experience working with colleagues at the international level, I feel has given me the requisite expertise and experience to provide competent guidance, suggestions, and recommendations to the Nominations and Elections Committee.

 

Brian Mabelitini, RPA

Brian Mabelitini

Brian Mabelitini is a Principal Investigator for Gray & Pape, Inc. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from the University of Kentucky and a Master of Arts in Historical Archaeology from the University of West Florida. He is a Registered Professional Archaeologist with more than 10 years of experience in the Southeastern and Midwestern United States. His primary research interests are the antebellum period and the American Civil War. Prior to joining Gray & Pape in 2012, he worked as a staff archaeologist at the Kentucky Archaeological Survey and as a Graduate Assistant at the Florida Public Archaeology Network. His research has been published in ACUA Underwater Archaeology Proceedings 2010 and, most recently, in From These Honored Dead: Historical Archaeology of the American Civil War, edited by Clarence R. Geier, Douglas D. Scott, and Lawrence E. Babits.

Question
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected to the Nominations and Elections Committee?
    I am honored to be nominated to stand for election for the Society’s Nominations and Elections Committee. Since presenting my first conference paper in Williamsburg in 2007, my professional career has benefitted greatly from my membership in the Society and attending the annual meetings. I have experience in all phases of project management and fieldwork in both the private and public sector, and I would be able to draw on candidates from a broad network of professional archaeologists; primarily in the Southeastern and Midwestern United States. I believe the candidates nominated for offices should reflect the diverse membership of the Society. If elected, I would look forward to networking on behalf of the Society to identify a wide range of qualified and motivated candidates to serve the current and long-term interests of the SHA.

 

Marco Meniketti, RPA

Marco Meniketti

Current position
Associate Professor of Archaeology, San Jose State University, San Jose, California.

    I have enjoyed a rewarding and occasionally interrupted career in archaeology. Along the way I have discovered how to achieve a balance between career, teaching, family, and research. I earned my BA in Anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley, and started my career in the Great Basin as an archaeological technician with the Nevada Department of Transportation investigating everything from the prehistoric to the Gold Rush. After several years teaching in public schools I completed an MS in Industrial Archaeology at Michigan Technological University, and my PhD. in Historical Archaeology from Michigan State University. My first academic paper in 1987 addressed archaeological ethics, memorably at an SHA conference for an audience that ironically included several notorious treasure hunters. I have regularly contributed papers at SHA conferences since that time.
    As co-founder of the San Agustin Institute for Marine Archaeology in 1987 I confronted treasure hunters in California and sought to create a bridge between professionals and the sport diving community. As founder and Director of the non-profit, Institute for Advanced Interdisciplinary Caribbean Studies in 2002, my research has focused on plantation sites on the island of Nevis. I directed the San Jose State University archaeological field school from 2007-2013, bringing together undergraduate and graduate students from around the country to experience archaeology through a study abroad program. My field experiences includes CRM work and industrial mill sites in Michigan, Paleo-Indian locations in Nevada, and maritime sites in California, Baja California, and the Caribbean. My introduction to underwater archaeology was at Port Royal, Jamaica, with the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, which led to graduate studies at Texas A&M University. I was recently featured in a National Geographic Channel special about digital 3D virtual reconstruction of Port Royal. I have been fortunate over the years to be mentored by several outstanding professors from different arenas of study in Historical Archaeology, who have shaped my research and interpretive perspective.
    In am an active member of the SHA, SAA, SIA, SCA , and a member of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). I co-authored a chapter in an award winning publication of the AERA in 2006 researching science teacher education in America, and received the Vogel Prize in 2010 from Journal of the Society for Industrial Archaeology for an article about the sugar industry. I believe that it is as important to be a strong educator as it is to be a capable archaeologist, and that we should mentor the next generation whenever the opportunity arises. I was elected a Fellow of the Explorers Club in 2010.

Question
Given the qualifications and experience outlined in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute to SHA if elected to the Nominations and Elections Committee?
    I believe that my education and background uniquely qualify me to serve as a member of the Nominations and Election committee because my experiences span the discipline, intersect with multiple sub-fields, and provides me with a broad view of the needs of our diverse organization. As an active member of SHA since 1984, and of the RPA since 1999, I also have a historical perspective on the growth and changing character of the organization and the challenges it faces.
    The research focus of SHA has been evolving and demographics within the society have been changing as well. Our obligation to the members is to seek out those who are best qualified and able to serve the wide interests of all the membership. Having served as a program chair for a national conference of the Society for Industrial Archaeology, and as the current Underwater Program chair for the SHA conference in 2015, I understand the level of service and commitment required for a professional organization to operate smoothly, not only from committees, but from its leaders. Leadership comes from many places and being able to encourage and cultivate strong leadership from the membership who combine educational excellence in all its forms, research, and practical vision is my principal goal. I enthusiastically look forward to serving the society by helping put forward the best candidates to keep SHA strong.

 

ACUA Board of Directors

 

 

Dave Conlin

Dave Conlin

Present Position Title
I am currently the Chief of the National Park Service’s Submerged Resources Center.

Education
B.A. Anthropology Reed College Portland OR 1988
M.A. Aegean and Classical Archeology, Oxford University 1991
A.M Anthropology and Archeology, Brown University 1994
Ph.D. Anthropology and Archeology, Brown University 1999

I have served one term with the ACUA and have been interested and active on a number of issues- I am very interested in student affairs and junior colleagues,and their path into a professional career. I am also, as are most of us, interested and dedicated to preservation worldwide, as well as countering treasure hunting where we can. Most recently this has involved providing a public alternative to treasure hunting in Mozambique, a country that this year revoked the treasure hunting permit of the Portuguese treasure hunting firm Arqueonautas.

My professional interests include anthropological approaches to underwater archeology, site formation processes in underwater archeology, the combination of terrestrial and underwater archeology to answer broad questions of human processes such as the global slave trade, as well as core-periphery interactions. Lately I have been very interested in contributing to the method and practice of marine magnetometer survey. On a more basic level I have been interested in trying to attract more minorities into the field and have used my position in the National Park Service to build on an existing partnership between the National Association of Black Scuba Divers and Biscayne National Park to create Youth Diving With a Purpose, a program the exposes underserved minorities to the science technology engineering and math (STEM) of underwater archeology.

Recent publications include a joint study with John Bright and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) to modify and add to existing capabilities for marine magnetometer survey. This included software development for ArcGIS Bright, John C., Conlin D.L. and Whall S. (in press 2014) Marine Magnetic Survey Modeling: Custom Geospatial Processing Tools for Visualizing and Assessing Marine Magnetic Surveys for Archeological Resources NPS SRC Technical Report 34. Lakewood Colorado, National Park Service.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?
    I believe that the majority of jobs that will be available in underwater archeology in the foreseeable future will not be in academia but will be in either the government or private sector. Having said that, I see absolutely no reason why interesting questions drawn from and based in academic inquiry cannot be explored and addressed within a management framework. i.e. there is no reason that just because it is governmental archeology it has to be boring. Given the interrelated nature of governmental regulations and requirements and the work done in the private sector to address these needs, I think it is vital to maintain a balance between academic, private sector and governmental representation on the ACUA and I believe that I can work within all three of these areas inspite of the fact that I work for the National Park Service.

Question 2
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    My goals for my term in the ACUA, if re-elected, include contributing more to the student section of our organization and trying to make the ACUA and SHA more useful and friendly for our younger colleagues. If our organization is to grow and trive, we need to offer more than just an annual forum for the exchange of ideas. Some of the other members of the ACUA have done wonderful things for ethics, outreach and international involvement, and I would like to see us spend some of our energy networking on behalf of, and mentoring our younger members. Also I would like to see more minority involvement in underwater archeology by highlighting some research domains like the global study of slavery that will create a more immediate attraction to the field than we have traditionally had.

 

 

Kelly Gleason

Kelly Gleason

Education
Following an undergraduate degree at the University of Notre Dame, Gleason pursued a master’s in Nautical Archaeology at St. Andrews University in Scotland and a Doctorate at East Carolina University in North Carolina in Coastal Resources Management.

Present Position
In 2004, she began working for the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries in Honolulu, Hawaii as part of the Pacific Islands Region and became the maritime archaeologist for the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (PMNM) in the fall of 2007. She is currently the Maritime Heritage Program Coordinator for PMNM.

Professional Service to the SHA/ACUA and other societies
Gleason has been a member of SHA for over ten years and elected to the ACUA board in 2011. While on the ACUA board she was involved several committees including abstracts review, education , social media and membership. She also assisted with the 2013 SHA underwater archaeology workshop. Gleason seeks reelection in 2014 to continue her service on the ACUA board.

Research Interests
In her current position as Maritime Heritage Coordinator for PMNM, Gleason’s responsibilities include the exploration, interpretation and protection of maritime heritage resources in the NWHI. These resources include at least 60 potential shipwreck sites and at least 70 potential sunken aircraft sites. To date, 22 of these sites have been discovered and documented by NOAA maritime archaeologists. Gleason leads annual research expeditions to the NWHI which take place over the course of several weeks at several different atolls in the archipelago. Recent discoveries include the Nantucket whaleship Two Brothers and a Brewster F2A-3 Buffalo aircraft at Midway Atoll. Both projects are the subject of ongoing media outreach and academic research. In addition to field and academic research, Gleason’s work includes education and outreach. To date, she has developed and installed two PMNM maritime heritage themed exhibits (one in Hilo, HI and one in Nantucket, MA), produced two short documentary films on maritime heritage in PMNM, and continues to work with local schools to develop interactive maritime heritage activities with kids. She administratively oversees PMNM’s maritime heritage program including budget tracking, supervision of graduate students conducting maritime heritage research in the Monument and develop and maintain an inventory of equipment for field research. All of these activities (research, outreach and management) aim to protect the maritime heritage resources in PMNM.

Recent Publications

Gleason, K. (2014), A Monumental Distance: Education and Outreach from the Most Remote Archipelago on Earth. In D.A. Scott-Ireton (ed.), Between the Devil and the Deep, When the Land Meets the Sea (pp141-153). New York, NY: Springer Science and Business Media.

Wagner D, Toonen RJ, Papastamatiou YP, Kosaki RK, Gleason KA, McFall GB, Boland RC, & Pyle RL (2013). Mesophotic surveys of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands with new records of black coral species. Proceedings of the 2013 AAUS/ESDP Curaçao Joint International Scientific Diving Symposium: 341-345.

Kosaki RK, Wagner D, Leonard JC, Hauk, BB & Gleason KA (2013). First report of the table coral Acropora cytherea (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) from Oʻahu Island (Main Hawaiian Islands). Bulletin of Marine Science 89(3): 745-746.

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. 2011. Maritime Heritage Research, Education, and Management Plan: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Honolulu, Hawai‘i. 97 pages.

Wagner D, Papastamatiou YP, Kosaki RK, Gleason KA, McFall GB, Boland RC, Pyle RL & Toonen RJ (2011). New records of commercially valuable black corals (Cnidaria: Antipatharia) from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at mesophotic depths. Pacific Science 65: 249-255.

Delgado, J.P. and K. Gleason. Lighting Strikes Twice. The Explorers Journal. 89:1, Spring 2011.

Raupp, Jason and Kelly Gleason. Submerged whaling heritage in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Bulletin of the Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology (2010), 34: 66-74.

Kelly Gleason and Jason Raupp. Lost and Found In Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument: The Possible Wreck Site of the Nantucket Whaleship Two Brothers. Historic Nantucket, (Volume 60, No. 3) Fall 2010.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?
With experience in field research, management and education, I have the capacity to understand diverse issues that face the archaeological community today. I am able to contribute perspective from working in culturally diverse part of the world as well as skills gained communicating archaeological research and management to broad audience around the world.

Question 2
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    If elected to serve the ACUA, my priorities would include an emphasis on new membership and better understanding the ways that SHA and ACUA can serve the archaeological community to inspire new membership and retain current members. Additionally, I would maintain my current focus on education and outreach with an emphasis on encouraging active participation by younger members. I would seek new and creative ways to communicate SHA and ACUA initiatives to current and potential new members.

 

 

Sorna Khakzad

Sorna Khakzad

Biography
Born in 1978 in Tehran, Iran, I graduated with master degree in architecture in 2004 from Azad University of Tehran, and advanced master degree in Conservation of Monuments and Historic Sites from University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium, in 2008. I am currently completing my Ph.D. research in KU Leuven under the title of ‘Landscape Issues Involved in Underwater Cultural Heritage Management’. This Ph.D. will contribute to the ongoing project in Belgium: Archaeological Heritage in the North Sea (SEARCH project) which aims at developing an effective assessment methodology and approach towards a sustainable management policy and legal framework in Belgium. Additionally, since 2011 I joined the Ph.D. program of Coastal Resources Management at East Carolina University with the passion of a multidisciplinary approach toward the management of cultural coastlines. Although, doing two Ph.D. programs at the same time is hectic, I had the opportunity to work with many experts in my field and related fields, and it helped me to broaden my knowledge of different issues that affect cultural heritage in general, and underwater archaeology in particular. I have worked in international projects in Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, England, and Italy, and collaborated with UNESCO as cultural heritage specialist. I received an award from UNESCO-Vocations Patrimoine in 2010 and have several publications and conference presentations in my field. My ultimate career goal is to develop coastal and underwater cultural heritage management plans which will protect and preserve our heritages not only for the sake of heritage values, but also for the enhancement of human’s life quality and benefit.

Education
Ph.D. candidate Coastal Resources Management, East Carolina University, USA, Since Aug. 2011
Ph.D. researcher Cultural Heritage Management, University of Leuven, Belgium, Since Sept. 2008
Advanced Masters in Conservation of Monuments and Historic Sites, University of Leuven Belgium, Sept. 06- June 08
Masters in Architecture, Azad University of Tehran, Iran. Sept. 1996- July 2004

Present Positions
Maritime Heritage Program Fellow at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Since June 2014 Research collaborator to Archaeological Heritage in the North Sea (Belgium SEARCH project), Since Jan. 2013 Teaching assistant at Maritime Studies, East Carolina University, USA, Since August 2012

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?
    I am honored to be considered as a candidate for ACUA Board for the second time. Following my international and national experiences in the field of cultural heritage in general and underwater cultural heritage particularly, I have broad understanding of factors impacting heritage and archaeology worldwide. Considering the fact that underwater cultural heritage is quite a young field in compare with terrestrial heritage, my knowledge of cultural heritage management and conservation has been an invaluable asset in projects which deal with underwater cultural heritage management. This quality is of importance also for SHA and ACUA for more effective collaboration in achieving their common goals. During last seven years of my academic and professional experience in the field of underwater cultural heritage, I have applied and adopted methods for studying and managing underwater cultural heritage with regards to internationally recognized standards for cultural heritage. I have had and have close collaboration with UNESCO in project management and promoting the Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage. As my latest experience with UNESCO, I acted as a liaison and professional intern, assigned by the Flemish Government to UNESCO. In 2011 I was one of the coordinators from KU Leuven to organize the 10th anniversary of the UNESCO 2001 Convention in Belgium that had positive influence in ratification of the Convention by Belgium. I was a think-tank member of a European project—Submerged Prehistoric Landscape and Archaeology of Continental Shelf (SPLASHCOST)—, for four years, which made me familiar with the issues that Europe are facing at the moment specifically for the management of submerged historic and prehistoric landscapes. Working at Institute of Nautical Archaeology (Turkey) and White and Hampshire Trust for Maritime Archaeology (England) and Flemish Heritage Agency (Belgium) offered me deep insight to national issues in different countries. These experiences provide me with a deep understanding of the issues which are considered crucial for studying, conservation and management of UCH. However, what I still would like to emphasis is that the legacy of human interaction with the sea and land, which is now we know as cultural heritage—either underwater or terrestrial– needs more attention. As a part of the expert community in underwater cultural heritage, I endeavor to determine and benefit from the potential of underwater cultural heritage as a resource for people’s advantages, education, outreach, and research, develop effective cooperation among stakeholders, and protection for future generation. For this, I see SHA and ACUA as an excellent platform that I can act to promote dialogue and understanding among academia, professional acting bodies, and government and regulatory agencies.

Question 1
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    I am determined to follow the ethics of SHA and ACUA, and try to achieve their goals through sharing my international experiences which help bridge multiple disciplines and issues related to underwater and terrestrial cultural heritage. What I, in addition to many scholars, see as priority is education. However, I have several parallel priorities. I set my priority for education in different levels; public education in order to make public aware of the importance of underwater cultural heritage not only as a luxury, but emphasizing on the benefits that it can bring to them; children education which is considered one of the recent challenges and goals in many parts of the world and as a UNESCO mandate; education in higher level at universities and research centers and try to connect the scientific institutes which are developing new technologies for oceanic studies with educational institutes for maritime and underwater archaeology. In addition, I believe native and traditional populations (such as fishermen, boat builders, native people, etc.) have contributed a lot in formation of maritime and coastal heritage from prehistoric to present time. One of my aims is to recognize these heritage assets and to use them as cultural resources for the benefit of native communities, and also for the broader research and educational purposes. It is crucial for all groups to know about the values of different types of heritage, in different levels, and to allow and empower them to express their views on the current and future situation of their cultural heritage and environment. Furthermore, I believe that better policies for management of underwater cultural heritage can be effective in protection and conservation of this heritage. One of my aims is to follow good examples, such as UNESCO Convention on Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage and similar charters and regulations such as ICOMOS Charter, Council of Europe and to assess other sea and oceanic related initiatives on protection of marine resources, such as Marine Protected Areas and Integrated Coastal Zone Management in order to emphasize better on the role of underwater and maritime cultural heritage as a resource in holistic coastal management plans. This fact also involves the economic values and benefits that underwater cultural heritage can bring for the societies and communities through public awareness, tourism promotion and education.
    I also believe that young generation, such as students of maritime studies and other related fields, can have more effective roles in the future of underwater cultural heritage protection, if they get involved more. I would like to give more chances to their voices be heard though activities such as workshops, presentations, blogs, websites and gatherings and cooperation in different initiatives.
    One other priority is to give chances to the countries and state parties that had less chance to develop and initiate underwater archaeological studies. Although, the focus of SHA and ACUA has been more on the western world, now is the time to bring more examples of the whole world in our SHA and ACUA meetings and conferences. Many countries in Asia and Africa have been under-representative due to the lack of knowledge and/or techniques and so on. Underwater cultural heritage is a common heritage of humanity, connecting people through the open waters to each other, and can be a factor to bring more people and cultures together.
    In brief, through my focus on coastal cultural heritage and my multidisciplinary approaches in management of underwater and coastal cultural heritage, I aim at awareness rising, public education, capacity building for research, and protection and management of our underwater cultural heritage resources and discovering ways to benefit from underwater heritage in every possible way for the present and future generations. And I believe being an ACUA Board Member will give me opportunity to achieve many of my goals, which are also SHA’s and ACUA’s goals as well.

 

 

Massimiliano Secci

Sorna Khakzad

Biography
Massimiliano Secci graduated in Literature (Honours in Archaeology) at Università degli Studi di Firenze in 2007 with a thesis in underwater archaeology. Between 2008 and 2009 attended the Master of Maritime Archaeology at Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. Research Fellow at the Dipartimento di Storia, of the Università degli Studi di Sassari, between 2010 and 2012, developed a programmatic study for the enhancement and public interpretation of the Sardinian maritime cultural heritage. He participated in several fieldworks, both on land and underwater, in Australia, Sardinia and Sicily. He is currently a PhD Candidate at the Università degli Studi di Sassari, with a research project titled “3D Reconstruction, virtual and public access in underwater archaeology: new technologies and the digital in research and public interpretation”. Since 15 May 2013 he is Research Fellow in the Dipartimento di Storia, Scienze dell’Uomo e della Formazione, at the Università degli Studi di Sassari with a research titled “Remote Sensing Survey Technologies for the protection, conservation and enhancement of the underwater cultural heritage”. He has been collaborating for the last three years with the Post-Graduate Program in Underwater and Coastal Landscape Archaeology at the Università degli Studi di Sassari, supporting both teaching and fieldwork activities offered within the Program curriculum. He has published 7 contributions in Journals, edited volumes and National and International Conference Proceedings in addition to several popular contributions and posters. He has participated in several National and International conferences and meetings.

Education
PhD Candidate, Scuola di Dottorato in Storia, Letterature e Culture del Mediterraneo, Università degli Studi di Sassari.
M.A., Master in Maritime Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Astralia, Australia.
B.A., Ancient Literature (Honours in Archaeology), Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Present Position
Research Fellow and PhD Candidate at the Dipartimento di Storia, Scienze dell’Uomo e della Formazione – Università degli Studi di Sassari.

Research Interests
Cultural Resource Management and Underwater Cultural Heritage Management; Public and Community Archaeology; Archaeological Theory; Underwater Cultural Heritage Education and Awareness Raising; Digital Archaeology; 3D Mapping; Underwater Remote Sensing.

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?
    International and particular European level developments in cultural heritage management and funding strategies call for an ever advanced collaboration and multi-disciplinary approach to the study, protection and enhancement of the common cultural heritage. The career path outlined by the synthetic biography above and by my detailed curriculum testifies my attention and interest for both research and public outreach. In fact – as stated in last year candidacy statement (see SHA Summer 2013 Newsletter) – I believe that our discipline, in order to acquire a larger and much deserved/needed role in societies development, needs to develop a larger connection with diverse but neighboring disciplines and altogether with the public at large.     In my opinion underwater archaeology and overall archaeology has too often developed in the underground and background of other disciplines advances, withstanding major paradigmatic approaches instead of participating in the discussion driving these advances. A greater involvement of the discipline and researchers in these discussion and decision-making processes will participate in creating a stronger link between the “craft of archaeology” and the “real world”. It will not only help us – as a discipline – to be recognized as valuable actors in societal advancements but will also help the discipline to better define itself and to better structure our paradigmatic approaches to the past, present and future.
    While the opportunities and experiences I have been granted through my education and career development interface me with two often diverse approaches (Anglo-Saxon and European) to the discipline, the same dilemma helped me to realize that such difference is more often a terminological one and dependent on geographical, juridical and cultural characters. Aims and underlining objectives and goals are the same and what is often missing, but it happens both worldwide and regionally, is a greater communication between parties and therefore a major knowledge exchange and confrontation.
    I believe my potential contribution lies – in my own small way – in granting the ACUA Board a different perspective and possibly contributing in better understanding regional diversities. A better understanding will also offer a better integration between parties potentialities in order to better plan common efforts towards a common goal: understanding, protection and stewardship of the underwater cultural heritage as well as knowledge production and dissemination of the historical past.

Question 2
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    It has been stated that archaeology is primary a local endeavor. This is absolutely sharable as it is developed regionally and is affected by regional peculiarities, in terms of cultural, historical, legislative and governance matters. At the same time, archaeology – sharing this character with other humanities disciplines – is an extremely universal discipline as it touches on universal needs and expectations. Moreover, aspiring to a scientific character (in the sense Keith Muckelroy attributed to the term), archaeology and maritime archaeology particularly has a universal disciplinary character that needs to be addressed and pursued.
    On the basis of these few remarks, I believe that the major mission and the priority of a body like ACUA is to participate in building such universal commonality within the discipline practitioners as well as between these and the “outer world”. ACUA is an extremely public-projected body which makes it an extremely valuable vehicle for influencing knowledge sharing and awareness rising on the underwater cultural heritage of humanity. In line with the 2001 UNESCO Convention, my commitment will be to participate to this dialectic and all my efforts – as it has been since my commitment to archaeology – will be addressed to help ACUA spreading the word in order to reach the most varying number and type of stakeholders. I sincerely agree with Wendy van Duivenvoorde statement (see SHA Summer 2013 Newsletter) from last years election round: there is a desperate need for overall cooperation and particularly “a cooperative model between government, industry, academia and the private sector to find innovative, practical and sustainable solutions that, at the same time, benefit local communities and the general public”.
    One other priority is to give chances to the countries and state parties that had less chance to develop and initiate underwater archaeological studies. Although, the focus of SHA and ACUA has been more on the western world, now is the time to bring more examples of the whole world in our SHA and ACUA meetings and conferences. Many countries in Asia and Africa have been under-representative due to the lack of knowledge and/or techniques and so on. Underwater cultural heritage is a common heritage of humanity, connecting people through the open waters to each other, and can be a factor to bring more people and cultures together.
    I will therefore stress the value of SHA and ACUA missions towards pursuing, participating and influence the establishment of a proactive and continuous dialogue between all involved stakeholders in order to contrast risks and hazards on the common heritage posed by infrastructures development or illegal activities. Therefore my commitment to the ACUA Board will be on these terms. A larger International dialogue between practitioners, attempting to create a common ground to uniformly develop the discipline on an International level. My commitment will also address the value of collaboration between stakeholders and involved parties and between these and the general public.

 

 

James A. Smailes

James A. Smailes

I am the Secretary, Maritime Archaeological and Historical Society (MAHS) and co-editor of MAHSNews. Formerly the President of MAHS, I have been a member since 1990 and teach the survey and mapping class in MAHS’ annual course for sport divers “Introduction to Underwater Archaeology.” A diver for more than 35 years, I’ve worked on terrestrial and underwater projects in the US, the Caribbean, Bermuda and the English Channel. I am also a volunteer at the Smithsonian Institution’s National American History Museum, Maritime Section.

I am a registered Professional Engineer in Maryland, Virginia and the District of Columbia. I have worked for more than 30 years in structural and transportation engineering as well as construction planning and management, including renovating two historic homes. I am retired from the federal government. My last position was in the Federal Railroad Administration where I managed several programs including the Grade Crossing Safety Research Program. Projects based on this research over a 10-year period resulted in a significant reduction of fatalities and injuries from collisions between trains and highway vehicles by more than 42 percent.

I was a Trustee of the DC Preservation League (DCPL) for six years (2004 – 2010) and am currently on the Development Committee. DCPL is the largest, private, non-profit organization dedicated to preserving significant or historic architecture in the nation’s capitol. DCPL works in partnership with real estate developers to preserve and adapt historic structures and has been instrumental in saving the significant architecture that the District is fortunate to have.

I am also a board member of the following non-profit organizations:

Anacostia Community Boathouse, encouraging rowing and sculling on the Anacostia River, Washington, DC.

Committee of 100 for the Federal City, which provides consulting advice to the metropolitan Washington DC area on urban planning, transportation, zoning and historic preservation. I am on the transportation subcommittee.

Education
BS Civil Engineering, Drexel University, 1972
MS Civil Engineering, University of Maryland, 1979

Present Position
Secretary, Maritime Archaeological and Historical Society (MAHS)

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?
    I believe I bring a breadth of experience not just from my work with the archaeological community, both land and underwater, but also from my work in civil engineering and historic preservation. I have been an avocational archaeologist for more than 24 years, supporting professional archaeologists and graduate students with research or in the field, and teaching surveying and mapping to sport divers. I bring a working knowledge of the ACUA Board in a variety of ways, including having worked on the committee to improve ACUA outreach to the general public, and have represented MAHS at the annual conference.
    My work in historic preservation and on the boards of other non-profits has given me an understanding of the not-for-profit process. I bring a balanced view of the challenges facing ACUA/SHA with a practical view from the outside based on experience.

Question 2
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?
    First, ACUA/SHA must continue to be advocates for cultural heritage by educating scholars, teachers and government officials of diverse backgrounds. This could be through local outreach efforts, suggested lesson plans that could be downloadable from the SHA or other websites, or structured training programs.
    Second, ACUA should continue to expand its education efforts for archaeology students, the general public and the sport diving community. For historical archaeology students, it would be beneficial to expand their exposure to other fields that will impact their work as historians and archeologists. For sport divers, there are various avocational archaeology courses available offered by NAS, MAHS and others. ACUA should continue its efforts to determine the best practices available from these courses. The result would not only be improved training for sport divers but could also provide additional information for outreach to the general public emphasizing the importance of preserving underwater cultural heritage.

 

 

James D. Spirek

James D. Spirek

Present Position
State Underwater Archaeologist, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina Columbia (2012-present).

Past Position
Deputy State Underwater Archaeologist, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina Columbia (2003-2012), Underwater Archaeologist, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina Columbia (1996-2003); Field Director, Pensacola Shipwreck Survey and Emanuel Point Shipwreck Project, Florida Bureau of Archaeological Resources (1992-1995).

Past Professional Service to SHA and Other Societies
SHA: Presenter at annual conferences, Session Co-organizer, Quebec City; South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology Diving and Safety Control Board: member.

Research Interests
Civil War naval operations, 16th-century seafaring, and Remote-sensing technology.

Recent Publications
Exploring the United States’ Naval Legacy in South Carolina, In South Carolina Archaeology, ed. A. King, Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, chapter co-author with C. Amer (In Press) ; The Archeology of Civil War Naval Operations at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, 1861-1865, reported submitted to the National Park Service, American Battlefield Protection Program by Maritime Research Division, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology (2012); Submerged Cultural Resource Management: Preserving and Interpreting Our Sunken Maritime Heritage. The Plenum Series in Underwater Archaeology, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, ed. with D. Scott-Ireton (2003).

Question 1
Given the qualifications and experience outlines in your biographical statement, what do you believe you can contribute if elected to ACUA?     My experience with public-sector underwater archaeology relating to research, legislative, regulatory, and public outreach, coincides with the mission of the ACUA to promote and preserve the underwater archaeological heritage throughout the world. My current position as state underwater archaeologist offers a unique platform to promote and advocate for the preservation of the underwater archaeological legacy in South Carolina through outreach to Federal, State, and Local policymakers, archaeologists, sport divers, and the public. I have also been fortunate to have worked overseas on various projects outside of the United States that have broadened my awareness of the challenges facing fellow underwater archaeologists and the need to provide outreach and support when requested on standards of the discipline, methods, and general advice. Using this experience gained over many years in the field, I look forward to the opportunity under the aegis of the ACUA to address and provide guidance to issues on a national and international level that we confront on the state level to preserve the underwater archaeological heritage for future generations and archaeologists.

Question 2
If elected to serve the ACUA, what priorities would you emphasize, taking into account SHA and ACUA’s missions and goals, on-going committee activities and the management and financial challenges of the Society?     If elected to the ACUA I would stress the role of the ACUA/SHA to promote the discipline of underwater/historical archaeology to a variety of audiences, especially relating to the preservation and ethical standards needed to realize the potential of these valuable sources of information as avenues to understanding our past, present, and future. One means to accomplish this is to provide a vetted list of research projects and activities on the ACUA website that espouse the missions of the ACUA and SHA. By offering these case studies exemplifying the practice of underwater archaeology, we can spread the message of what sound and ethical archaeology is in contrast to monetized-based recovery efforts put forth by various media and organizations. An undertaking that would require limited financial wherewithal from either entity’s budget and would complement ongoing ACUA/SHA activities to educate policy makers, governments, sports divers, and the general public about the importance of preserving these unique archaeological resources. I would look forward to working in concert with the other ACUA board members on this endeavor and serving to promote the mission of the ACUA/SHA.